The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, which also contains TNFRSF1A. This protein and TNF-receptor 1 form a heterocomplex that mediates the recruitment of two anti-apoptotic proteins, c-IAP1 and c-IAP2, which possess E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. The function of IAPs in TNF-receptor signalling is unknown, however, c-IAP1 is thought to potentiate TNF-induced apoptosis by the ubiquitination and degradation of TNF-receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), which mediates anti-apoptotic signals. Knockout studies in mice also suggest a role of this protein in protecting neurons from apoptosis by stimulating antioxidative pathways.
^Schall TJ, Lewis M, Koller KJ, Lee A, Rice GC, Wong GH, Gatanaga T, Granger GA, Lentz R, Raab H et al. (June 1990). "Molecular cloning and expression of a receptor for human tumor necrosis factor". Cell61 (2): 361–70. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(90)90816-W. PMID2158863.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)
^Takeuchi M, Rothe M, Goeddel DV (1996). "Anatomy of TRAF2. Distinct domains for nuclear factor-kappaB activation and association with tumor necrosis factor signaling proteins". J. Biol. Chem.271 (33): 19935–42. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.33.19935. PMID8702708.
^Marsters SA, Ayres TM, Skubatch M, Gray CL, Rothe M, Ashkenazi A (1997). "Herpesvirus entry mediator, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family, interacts with members of the TNFR-associated factor family and activates the transcription factors NF-kappaB and AP-1". J. Biol. Chem.272 (22): 14029–32. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.22.14029. PMID9162022.
^Carpentier I, Coornaert B, Beyaert R (2008). "Smurf2 is a TRAF2 binding protein that triggers TNF-R2 ubiquitination and TNF-R2-induced JNK activation". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.374 (4): 752–7. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.07.103. PMID18671942.
^Pype S, Declercq W, Ibrahimi A, Michiels C, Van Rietschoten JG, Dewulf N, de Boer M, Vandenabeele P, Huylebroeck D, Remacle JE (2000). "TTRAP, a novel protein that associates with CD40, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-75 and TNF receptor-associated factors (TRAFs), and that inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation". J. Biol. Chem.275 (24): 18586–93. doi:10.1074/jbc.M000531200. PMID10764746.
Kollias G, Kontoyiannis D (2003). "Role of TNF/TNFR in autoimmunity: specific TNF receptor blockade may be advantageous to anti-TNF treatments.". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev.13 (4–5): 315–21. doi:10.1016/S1359-6101(02)00019-9. PMID12220546.
Holtmann MH, Schuchmann M, Zeller G et al. (2003). "The emerging distinct role of TNF-receptor 2 (p80) signaling in chronic inflammatory disorders". Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz.)50 (4): 279–88. PMID12371624.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)