TOP 09

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TOP 09
Leader Karel Schwarzenberg
Founded 11 June 2009 (2009-06-11)
Split from Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Headquarters Michnův palác, Újezd 450/40, 118 00 Prague 1 – Malá strana
Ideology Christian democracy[1][2]
Christian humanism[3]
Liberal conservatism[4][5][6]
Conservatism[7]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-right[8]
International affiliation None
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours Purple
Chamber of Deputies
26 / 200
Senate
1 / 81
European Parliament
4 / 21
Regional councils
44 / 675
Local councils
868 / 62,300
Website
[1]
Politics of Czech Republic
Political parties
Elections

TOP 09 (name derived from Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita, meaning "Tradition Responsibility Prosperity") is a fiscally conservative political party in the Czech Republic, led by the former Czech Foreign Minister Karel Schwarzenberg and noted for its support of the free market and the European Union.[9] TOP 09 holds 26 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

History[edit]

Karel Schwarzenberg, leader of TOP 09 party

The party was founded on 11 June 2009 by Miroslav Kalousek who left the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party.[10] Leader Karel Schwarzenberg, who had previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic (2007-2009), having been nominated by the Green Party for the post, and who had been elected to the Senate in 2004 as nominee of the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) and Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) parties, became the party's first leader.[11][12]

Based on voting preferences polls, the party soon enjoyed popularity as the second strongest right-wing party (the Civic Democrats (ODS) being the first),[13] as was confirmed during 2010 parliament elections, where 16.70% voted for TOP 09 and 20.22% for ODS.[14]

TOP 09 is currently in the opposition.

In September 2010 TOP09 applied to join the European People's Party as a member. Karel Schwarzenberg has already officially participated in two EPP summits (15 September[15] and 16 December 2010[16]). On 10 February 2011 TOP 09 has officially been granted permission to join the EPP.[17]

Election results[edit]

Below are charts of the results that the TOP09 has secured in the Chamber of Deputies, Senate, European Parliament, and regional assemblies at each election.

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Year Vote % Seats Place Govt?
2010 16.7 Increase 41 Increase 3rd Increase Yes
2013 12.0 Decrease 26 Decrease 4th Decrease No

Senate[edit]

European Parliament[edit]

Year Vote % Seats Place
2014 16.0 Increase 4 2nd

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:kiSe2VoRR0sJ:is.muni.cz/th/333049/fss_b/Bakalarska_prace_Smid.doc+&cd=4&hl=cs&ct=clnk&gl=cz
  2. ^ http://www.epp.eu/member-parties
  3. ^ http://www.novinky.cz/domaci/171280-ministerstvo-vnitra-ma-na-stole-zadost-o-registraci-top-09.html
  4. ^ http://www.top09.cz/proc-nas-volit/programova-vychodiska-a-principy/
  5. ^ http://zpravy.aktualne.cz/domaci/politika/co-je-necasova-vlada-zaplnili-ji-ekonomicti-liberalove/r~i:article:672002/
  6. ^ http://www.novinky.cz/domaci/244291-kalousek-se-stretl-s-dolejsem-vecerni-skola-liberalismu-stala-proti-marxismu-leninismu.html
  7. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe, "Czech Republic", The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  8. ^ http://fpc.org.uk/articles/536
  9. ^ "Czech TOP 09 supports EU integration". Czech News Agency. 26 October 2009. 
  10. ^ Klausmann, Alexandra (21 May 2010). "Tschechien: Jugend vereint gegen Linksparteien". Wiener Zeitung (in German). 
  11. ^ "Schwarzenberg to be Kalousek's Czech TOP 09 party leader". Czech News Agency. 11 June 2009. 
  12. ^ "Karel Schwarzenberg", TOP 09 party website, retrieved 7 June 2013
  13. ^ "Volby 2010". Lidové noviny. Czech Republic. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  14. ^ "Official results of election to the Parliament of the Czech Republic 2010". Volby.cz. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  15. ^ administrator (16 September 2010). "EPP welcomes European Council conclusions; Roma issue should not be exploited". Epp.eu. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  16. ^ administrator. "EPP official website". Epp.eu. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "TOP 09 členem nejsilnější evropské strany – TOP 09". Top09.cz. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 

External links[edit]