SS-12 Scaleboard

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TR-1 Temp
SS-12 Scaleboard
9P120 Temp-s.jpg
9P120 launcher with 9M76 rocket of missile complex Temp-S
Type Theatre ballistic missile
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1969 - 1989
Used by Soviet Armed Forces
Production history
Designer Nadiradze OKB
Manufacturer Votkinsk Machine Building Plant
Specifications
Weight 9,700 kg (21,400 lb)
Length 12.4 m (41 ft)
Diameter 1.01 m (3 ft 4 in)
Warhead Single 500 kt warhead

Engine Single-stage liquid propellant
Operational
range
900 km (560 mi)
Guidance
system
Inertial
Accuracy 370 m (1,210 ft) CEP
Launch
platform
Road-mobile TEL

The TR-1 Temp is a mobile theatre ballistic missile developed and deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-12 Scaleboard and carried the industrial designation 9M76. A modified version was initially identified by NATO as a new design and given the SS-22 reporting name, but later recognized it as merely a variant of the original and maintained the name Scaleboard. The Temp entered service in the mid-1960s.

The TR-1 was designed as a mobile weapon to give theatre (front) commanders nuclear strike capability. The weapon used the same mobile launcher (MAZ-543) as the R-11 Scud missile but had an environmental protective cover that split down the middle and was only opened when the missile was ready to fire. All were decommissioned in 1988-1989.[citation needed]

Operators[edit]

 Soviet Union
The Soviet Armed Forces were the only operator of the TR-1 Temp. It was also placed in countries of Warsaw Pact for example Hranice (39), Czechoslovakia, and Königsbrück (19), Bischofswerda (8), Waren (22) and Wokuhl (5) in East Germany.[1] Its active reach from there covered whole West Germany, parts of Scandinavia, France and Netherlands.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles - Memorandum of Understanding". State Department web site. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  • Hogg, Ian (2000). Twentieth-Century Artillery. Friedman/Fairfax Publishers. ISBN 1-58663-299-X