TRPML

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TRPML (transient receptor potential cation channel, mucolipin subfamily) comprises a group of three evolutionarily related proteins that belongs to the large family of transient receptor potential ion channels. The three proteins TRPML1, TRPML2 and TRPML3 are encoded by the mucolipin-1 (MCOLN1), mucolipin-2 (MCOLN2) and mucolipin-3 (MCOLN3) genes, respectively.

The three members of the TRPML ("ML" for mucolipin) sub-family are not extremely well characterized.[1] TRPML1 is known to be localized in late endosomes.[2] This subunit also contains a lipase domain between its S1 and S2 segments. While the function of this domain is unknown it has been proposed that it is involved in channel regulation. Physiological studies have described TRPML1 channels as proton leak channels in lysosomes responsible for preventing these organelles from becoming too acidic.[2] TRPML2 and TRPML3 more poorly characterized than TRPML1.[3][4]

Deficiencies can lead to enlarged vesicles.[5]

Genes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nilius B, Owsianik G, Voets T, Peters JA (2007). "Transient receptor potential cation channels in disease". Physiol. Rev. 87 (1): 165–217. doi:10.1152/physrev.00021.2006. PMID 17237345. 
  2. ^ a b Colletti GA, Kiselyov K (January 2011). "Chapter 11: TRPML1". In Islam MS. Transient Receptor Potential Channels. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 704. Berlin: Springer. p. 700. ISBN 978-94-007-0264-6. 
  3. ^ Flores EN, García-Añoveros J (January 2011). "Chapter 12: TRPML2". In Islam MS. Transient Receptor Potential Channels. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 704. Berlin: Springer. p. 700. ISBN 978-94-007-0264-6. 
  4. ^ Noben-Trauth K (January 2011). "Chapter 13: TRPML3". In Islam MS. Transient Receptor Potential Channels. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 704. Berlin: Springer. p. 700. ISBN 978-94-007-0264-6. 
  5. ^ Qian F, Noben-Trauth K (2005). "Cellular and molecular function of mucolipins (TRPML) and polycystin 2 (TRPP2)". Pflugers Arch. 451 (1): 277–85. doi:10.1007/s00424-005-1469-4. PMID 15971078. 

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