This gene encodes an ion channel that is activated by high temperatures above 52 °C. The protein may be involved in transduction of high-temperature heat responses in sensory ganglia. It is thought that in other tissues the channel may be activated by stimuli other than heat.
TRPV2 was independently discovered by two research groups and described in 1999. It was identified in the lab of David Julius as a close homolog of TRPV1, the first identified thermosensitive ion channel. The group of Itaru Kojima from Gunma University was looking for a protein which is responsible for the entry of calcium into cells in response to insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Upon stimulation of cells with IGF-1 TRPV2 translocates towards and integrates into the cell membrane and increases intracellular calcium concentrations.
^ abCaterina MJ, Rosen TA, Tominaga M, Brake AJ, Julius D (Apr 1999). "A capsaicin-receptor homologue with a high threshold for noxious heat". Nature398 (6726): 436–41. doi:10.1038/18906. PMID10201375.
^Clapham DE, Julius D, Montell C, Schultz G (Dec 2005). "International Union of Pharmacology. XLIX. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of transient receptor potential channels". Pharmacol Rev57 (4): 427–50. doi:10.1124/pr.57.4.6. PMID16382100.
^ abKanzaki M, Zhang YQ, Mashima H, Li L, Shibata H, Kojima I (July 1999). "Translocation of a calcium-permeable cation channel induced by insulin-like growth factor-I". Nat. Cell Biol.1 (3): 165–70. doi:10.1038/11086. PMID10559903.
^Hu HZ, Gu Q, Wang C et al. (August 2004). "2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate is a common activator of TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV3". J. Biol. Chem.279 (34): 35741–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M404164200. PMID15194687.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)
^Qin N, Neeper MP, Liu Y, Hutchinson TL, Lubin ML, Flores CM (June 2008). "TRPV2 is activated by cannabidiol and mediates CGRP release in cultured rat dorsal root ganglion neurons". J. Neurosci.28 (24): 6231–8. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0504-08.2008. PMID18550765.
^Bang S, Kim KY, Yoo S, Lee SH, Hwang SW (September 2007). "Transient receptor potential V2 expressed in sensory neurons is activated by probenecid". Neurosci. Lett.425 (2): 120–5. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2007.08.035. PMID17850966.