TT319

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Relief fragment from the tomb, showing a hairdresser
Theban tomb TT319
Burial site of Neferu II
TT319 is located in Egypt
TT319
TT319
Coordinates 25°44′17.5″N 32°36′27″E / 25.738194°N 32.60750°E / 25.738194; 32.60750Coordinates: 25°44′17.5″N 32°36′27″E / 25.738194°N 32.60750°E / 25.738194; 32.60750
Location Deir el-Bahari, Theban Necropolis
Excavated by Discovered by Naville, Excavated by Winlock (1924-25)[1]
Decoration reliefs in chapel, paintings in burial chamber
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[2]
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in hieroglyphs

The Theban Tomb TT319 is located in Deir el-Bahari, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor. The tomb belongs to the king's wife Neferu II, wife of the Ancient Egyptian king Mentuhotep II (around 2000 BC).[2] Neferu was the daughter of Queen Iah and Intef III.[3]

The tomb of Neferu consisted of a chapel paved with slabs of limestone and carved into the rocks of Thebes. This chapel was decorated with scenes in sunken and raised relief. They show the queen with hairdressers, servants and religioues scenes. However, today the scenes are only badly preserved. The stones of the chapel were already in ancient times used as quarry. These fragments are now in many museums around the world.[1]

Behind the chapel there was a corridor leading to the burial chamber which was also decorated. On the walls are painted friezes of burial goods and long religious texts, such as Coffin Texts. In the burial chamber there also stood the sarcophagus of the queen. The chamber was found disturbed, when excavated.[1]

The tomb is located just to the north of the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, and is currently under the temple of Hatshepsut. An entrance was left open in this later construction [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rasha Soliman: Old and Middle Kingdom Theban Tombs, p. 67-75 London 2009 ISBN 978-1-906137-09-0
  2. ^ a b Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography: The Theban Necropolis, pg 391 - 393
  3. ^ Dodson, Aidan, Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press. 2009, ISBN 978-977-416-304-3