The TVB Anniversary Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role is one of the TVB Anniversary Awards presented annually by Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in Hong Kong television dramas throughout the designated year. This award is usually reserved to be one of the last awards presented, and is one of the most publicized awards of the ceremony. Since its institution in 1997, the award has changed names several times. It was first called the Best Performance by an Actress in a Drama (最佳劇中女角演繹大獎) in 1997, but was later changed to Best Actress in a Leading Role (最佳女主角) in 1998. In 1999, the name was changed to My Favourite Leading Actress of the Year (本年度我最喜愛的女主角). The name was changed back to "Best Actress in a Leading Role" in 2005 and continues to use that name now.