TWA Flight 841 (1974)

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TWA Flight 841
Occurrence summary
Date September 8, 1974
Summary Terrorist bombing
Site Over the West Coast of Greece (Ionian Sea)
38°25′N 19°22′E / 38.417°N 19.367°E / 38.417; 19.367Coordinates: 38°25′N 19°22′E / 38.417°N 19.367°E / 38.417; 19.367
Passengers 79
Crew 9
Injuries (non-fatal) 0
Fatalities 88
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Boeing 707-331B
Operator Trans World Airlines
Registration N8734
Flight origin Ben Gurion International Airport
2nd stopover Athens (Ellinikon) International Airport
3rd stopover Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport
Destination John F. Kennedy International Airport

On September 8, 1974, a Boeing 707-331B (tail number N8734) operating as TWA Flight 841 took off from Ben Gurion International Airport, Tel Aviv en route to JFK International Airport, New York City. It was scheduled to land in Athens, followed by Rome, and then proceed to New York. After stopping for 68 minutes in Athens, it departed for Rome. About 30 minutes after takeoff, the plane crashed into the Ionian Sea. The out of control aircraft was observed by crew on the flight deck of Pan Am 110. They watched the aircraft execute a steep climb, the separation of an engine from the wing, and the death spiral. All 79 passengers and nine crew members were killed. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane was destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold. The detonation of the bomb destroyed the systems responsible for operating the plane's control surfaces, causing the plane to pitch up until it stalled and dove into the ocean.[1] This was the first known instance of a young Arab boarding an American plane in a suicide mission.[2]

Background[edit]

Since the ousting of the PLO from Jordan, following the Jordanian-Palestinian civil war, the Palestinian military organizations made South Lebanon into headquarters, enlisting militants from Palestinian refugee camps. South Lebanon was also referred to as Fatahland, due to the almost complete control of Fatah and other military Palestinian organizations over this officially Lebanese area, which they used to stage attacks against Israel, mainly targeting civilians, and to engage in international airflight terror campaign.

Events[edit]

The airline's Tel Aviv office said 49 passengers boarded the plane there for Rome and the United States. They included 17 Americans (plus a baby), 13 Japanese, four Italians, four French, three Indians, two Iranians, two Israelis, two Sri Lankans, an Australian and a Canadian. The nationalities of 30 other passengers and the nine crew members were not immediately known at the time. Reuters reported a total of 37 Americans aboard.[citation needed] The crash occurred about 50 nautical miles west of Cephalonia, Greece.[3]

In Beirut, it was reported that a Palestinian youth organization claimed it had put a guerrilla on the plane with a bomb. However, a spokesman for TWA said sabotage was "highly unlikely."[4] Later, the National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane was indeed destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold, which caused structural failure resulting in uncontrollable flight.

Suspicion has fallen on Abu Nidal and his terror organization. This was the first known instance of a young Arab boarding an American plane in a suicide mission,.[5]

In January 2009, the Associated Press published an investigation saying that Khalid Duhham Al-Jawary, responsible for the 1973 New York City bomb plot, was linked to the bombing of TWA Flight 841.[6]

Notes[edit]

  • Barry Werth, 31 Days: Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006. pp. 324–5 ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4

References in fiction[edit]

  • Utopia (UK TV series) refers to the bombing of TWA Flight 841 and several other real-life incidents around the same time as deliberate and coordinated acts by a fictional organization known as The Network.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AAR 75-07 Boeing 707 Ionian Sea Crash". Airdisaster.com. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ Barry Werth, 31 Days : Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006, p. 324-5. ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4
  3. ^ Final report, p. 1., PDF p. 5/46
  4. ^ New York Times story, September 9, 1974.
  5. ^ Barry Werth, 31 Days : Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006, p. 324-5. ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4
  6. ^ Terrorist who plotted 1973 car bombs, Khalid Al-Jawary, gets deported

External references[edit]