The ta'wiz, tawiz (Urdu: تعویز, Bengali: টাবিজ্), muska (Turkish) or hijab (Arabic: حجاب) is a locket usually containing verses from the Quran or other Islamic prayers and symbols.The Tawiz is worn by a small minority of Muslims and many Sufis with the belief that it will remove the wearer of any evil or affliction put on them through black magic,keep them safe and also bring good luck. As such it is intended to be an amulet. The word ta'wiz is also used to refer to other types of amulets. It may be a pendant, carvings on metal or even framed duas.
Most ta'wiz are made up of a small paper with the Quranic verses or prayers written on it, typically in ink or with saffron paste. This paper is repeatedly folded and sewn inside a tiny cloth pouch, black in colour. A black thread is used to wear it as a locket. Other ta'wiz consist of metallic sheets or pieces with prayers or Quranic verses on them.
Permissibility of wearing amulets (ta'wiz) in Islam
The use of Ta'wiz in Islam remains debated in the Indian subcontinent where many Muslims, as well as Sufis, wear them. However, there is a consensus among the most knowledgeable of Islamic scholars that this is impermissible and an act of shirk(polytheism).
The opinion of Sheikh Al Albani and Bin Baz
Both Sheikh Bin Baz and Al Albani agree that wearing an amulet is an act of shirk and that one should repent for wearing it.Sheikh Bin Baz holds the opinion that you must burn an amulet if it is found.
The practice of wearing a tawiz is common in Sufi healing.
Proponents of the use of Ta'wiz argue that in Islam, hanging or wearing of amulets (ta'wiz) is normally permissible for protection or healing provided certain conditions are met:
- That they consist of the Names of Allah and His Attributes;
- That they are in Arabic;
- That they do not consist of anything that is disbelief (Kufr);
- The user does not believe the words have any effect in themselves, but are empowered to do so by Allah.
Most Middle Eastern scholars object to the use of ta'wiz arguing that wearing a ta'wiz is shirk. This is based on the interpretation of the hadith:
It was narrated from 'Uqbah ibn 'Aamir al-Juhani that a group came to Muhammed [to swear their allegiance (bay'ah) to him]. He accepted the bay'ah of nine of them but not of one of them. They said, "O Messenger of Allah, you accepted the bay'ah of nine but not of this one." He said, "He is wearing an amulet." The man put his hand (in his shirt) and took it off, then he (Muhammed) accepted his bay'ah. He said, "Whoever wears an amulet has committed shirk."
- Chishti, Hakim (1985). The Book of Sufi Healing. New York: Inner Traditions International.
- Bin Abd Allah Bin Baz, Abd al Aziz. Majmoo al Fatwa of Sh.Ibn Baz. www.alifta.net - The Website of The General Presidency for the departments of Scientific Research and Ifta - Riyadh. p. 8/144.