||It has been suggested that this article be merged with Tabby Concrete. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2013.|
Tabby was used by English colonists in Charleston, in Beaufort County, and on the Sea Islands of coastal South Carolina, in coastal Georgia, and in northern Florida in the Southern United States. The period of use extended from the Colonial Period into the early 19th century.
The labor-intensive process depended on slave labor to crush and burn the oyster shells to supply lime. They were combined with sand and water in wood forms to hold the shape until the material hardened. Tabby was used as a substitute for bricks, which were rare and expensive because of the absence of local clay. Some researchers believe that the name came from the Spanish word, tapia, which means "mud wall", but that English colonists developed their own process independently of the Spanish.
Significant Examples of Tabby Architecture
- St. Simons Island Light, Georgia
- Gamble Plantation Mansion, Ellenton, Georgia
- Wormsloe Plantation house, Isle of Hope, Georgia
- McIntosh Sugarmill, Camden County, Georgia
- Horton House, Jekyll Island, Georgia
- Slave Quarters at Kingsley Plantation, Jacksonville, Florida.
- Isaac Fripp House Ruins, Saint Helena Island near Frogmore, South Carolina
- "Tabby: The Oyster Shell Concrete of the Lowcountry", Beaufort County, South Carolina Public Library.
- Colin Brooker, "The Conservation and Repair of Tabby in Beaufort County, South Carolina", revised version of formal talk, "The Conservation of Tabby in Beaufort County, South Carolina," given at Jekyll Island Club Hotel, Jekyll Island, Georgia, on February 25, 1998.
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