(Silva Manso) Benth. & Hook.f. ex S.Moore
Synonyms [1 ]
Bignonia aurea Silva Manso
Bignonia squamellulosa DC. nom. inval.
Couralia caraiba (Mart.) Corr.Méllo ex Stellfeld
Gelseminum caraiba (Mart.) Kuntze
Handroanthus caraiba (Mart.) Mattos
Handroanthus leucophloeus (Mart. ex DC.) Mattos
Tabebuia argentea (Bureau & K.Schum.) Britton
Tabebuia caraiba (Mart.) Bureau
Tabebuia suberosa Rusby
Tecoma argentea Bureau & K.Schum.
Tecoma aurea (Silva Manso) DC.
Tecoma caraiba Mart.
Tecoma leucophlaeos Mart. ex DC.
Tecoma squamellulosa DC.
Tecoma trichocalycina DC.
is a species of Tabebuia aurea native to Tabebuia South America in Suriname, Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, and northern Argentina. The common English name Caribbean Trumpet Tree is misleading, as it is not native to the Caribbean.
Description [ edit ]
It is a small
dry season- deciduous tree growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are palmately compound, with five or seven leaflets, each leaflet 6–18 cm long, green with silvery scales both above and below.
flowers are bright yellow, up to 6.5 cm diameter, produced several together in a loose panicle. The fruit is a slender 10 cm long capsule. [2 ] [3 ]
It is a popular
ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions, grown for its spectacular flower display on leafless shoots at the end of the dry season. [3 ]
Ecology [ edit ]
This species presence in riparian areas of the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil is a crucial resource for
Spix's Macaw ( Cyanopsitta spixii), which is presently extinct in the wild with fewer than 100 birds remaining in captivity. Any future reintroduction would have to provide sufficient T. aurea for nesting and other purposes - while the tree is not considered threatened on a global scale, locally it has declined due to unsustainable use for timber.
References [ edit ]