Tabebuia aurea

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Tabebuia aurea
Tabebuia aurea tree.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Bignoniaceae
Genus: Tabebuia
Species: T. aurea
Binomial name
Tabebuia aurea
(Silva Manso) Benth. & Hook.f. ex S.Moore
Synonyms[1]
  • Bignonia aurea Silva Manso
  • Bignonia squamellulosa DC. nom. inval.
  • Couralia caraiba (Mart.) Corr.Méllo ex Stellfeld
  • Gelseminum caraiba (Mart.) Kuntze
  • Handroanthus caraiba (Mart.) Mattos
  • Handroanthus leucophloeus (Mart. ex DC.) Mattos
  • Tabebuia argentea (Bureau & K.Schum.) Britton
  • Tabebuia caraiba (Mart.) Bureau
  • Tabebuia suberosa Rusby
  • Tecoma argentea Bureau & K.Schum.
  • Tecoma aurea (Silva Manso) DC.
  • Tecoma caraiba Mart.
  • Tecoma leucophlaeos Mart. ex DC.
  • Tecoma squamellulosa DC.
  • Tecoma trichocalycina DC.

Tabebuia aurea is a species of Tabebuia native to South America in Suriname, Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, and northern Argentina. The common English name Caribbean trumpet tree is misleading, as it is not native to the Caribbean. It is also known as the silver trumpet tree.[2]

Description[edit]

It is a small dry season-deciduous tree growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are palmately compound, with five or seven leaflets, each leaflet 6–18 cm long, green with silvery scales both above and below.

The flowers are bright yellow, up to 6.5 cm diameter, produced several together in a loose panicle. The fruit is a slender 10 cm long capsule.[3][4]

Cultivation

It is a popular ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions, grown for its spectacular flower display on leafless shoots at the end of the dry season.[4]

Ecology[edit]

This species presence in riparian areas of the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil is a crucial resource for Spix's macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), which is extinct in the wild with fewer than 100 birds remaining in captivity. Any future reintroduction would have to provide sufficient T. aurea for nesting and other purposes - while the tree is not considered threatened on a global scale, locally it has declined due to unsustainable use for timber.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ Kepler, Angela Kay (1990). Trees of Hawai'i, p. 7. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824813291.
  3. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Tabebuia aurea
  4. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bueno, M.L.; Damasceno-Junior, G.A.; Pott, A. (May 2014). "Structure of arboreal and herbaceous strata in a neotropical seasonally flooded monodominant savanna of Tabebuia aurea". Brazilian Journal of Biology 74 (2): 325-337. doi:10.1590/1519-6984.16612. 
  • Reis, FP; Senna Bonfa, IM; Cavalcante, RB et al. (December 2014). "Tabebuia aurea decreases inflammatory, myotoxic and hemorrhagic activities induced by the venom of Bothrops neuwiedi". Journal of ethnopharmacology 158 (Pt A): 352–7. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.10.045. PMID 25446588.