List of elevation extremes by country

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The following sortable table lists land surface elevation extremes by country.

Elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, an equipotential gravitational surface model of the Earth's sea level.

Table[edit]

Land surface elevation extremes by country

Country or region Highest point Maximum elevation Lowest point Minimum elevation Elevation span
 Afghanistan Noshaq !B9910784089364 7492 m
24,580 ft
Amu Darya !B9944470404150 258 m
846 ft
!B9911134525874 7234 m
23,734 ft
 Albania Maja e Korabit !B9920755658151 2764 m
9,068 ft
Adriatic Sea !F sea level !B9920755658151 2764 m
9,068 ft
 Algeria Mount Tahat !B9919926329320 3003 m
9,852 ft
Chott Melrhir !J0036888794541 −40 m
−131 ft
!B9919794008501 3043 m
9,984 ft
 American Samoa Lata Mountain on Ta‘ū !B9931268361657 966 m
3,169 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9931268361657 966 m
3,169 ft
 Andorra Coma Pedrosa !B9920131550988 2942 m
9,652 ft
Gran Valira !B9932665981081 840 m
2,756 ft
!B9923493554485 2102 m
6,896 ft
 Angola Morro de Môco !B9921290704032 2620 m
8,596 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9921290704032 2620 m
8,596 ft
 Anguilla Crocus Hill on Anguilla !B9958256127301 65 m
213 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9958256127301 65 m
213 ft
 Antarctica[1] Vinson Massif[2][3] !B9915046435031 4892 m
16,050 ft
Southern Ocean !F sea level !B9915046435031 4892 m
16,050 ft
 Antigua and Barbuda Mount Obama on Antigua !B9940035479113 402 m
1,319 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9940035479113 402 m
1,319 ft
 Argentina Aconcagua[4][5] !B9911520652466 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón[6] !J0046539603501 −105 m
−344 ft
!B9911370917048 7065 m
23,179 ft
 Armenia Mount Aragats !B9916836997509 4090 m
13,419 ft
Debed !B9940085354528 400 m
1,312 ft
!B9917866182629 3690 m
12,106 ft
 Aruba Mount Jamanota on Aruba !B9947635580371 188 m
617 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9947635580371 188 m
617 ft
Ashmore and Cartier Islands Ashmore and Cartier Islands unnamed location !B9989013877113 3 m
10 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9989013877113 3 m
10 ft
 Australia Mount Kosciuszko[7] !B9922911403989 2228 m
7,310 ft
Lake Eyre !J0027080502011 −15 m
−49 ft
!B9922844304654 2243 m
7,359 ft
 Austria Großglockner !B9917577701086 3798 m
12,461 ft
Lake Neusiedl !B9952550678716 115 m
377 ft
!B9917885170835 3683 m
12,083 ft
 Azerbaijan Bazarduzu Dagi !B9915915062255 4485 m
14,715 ft
Caspian Sea !J0033322045101 −28 m
−92 ft
!B9915852826001 4513 m
14,806 ft
 Bahamas Mount Alvernia on Cat Island !B9958568652736 63 m
207 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9958568652736 63 m
207 ft
 Bahrain Jabal ad Dukhan !B9951959789552 122 m
400 ft
Persian Gulf !F sea level !B9951959789552 122 m
400 ft
 Bangladesh Mowdok Mual !B9930415516067 1052 m
3,451 ft
Bay of Bengal !F sea level !B9930415516067 1052 m
3,451 ft
 Barbados Mount Hillaby on Barbados !B9941828888400 336 m
1,102 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9941828888400 336 m
1,102 ft
 Belarus Dzyarzhynskaya Hara !B9941535612249 346 m
1,135 ft
Neman !B9955001903296 90 m
295 ft
!B9944548225555 256 m
840 ft
 Belgium Signal de Botrange !B9934575280394 694 m
2,277 ft
Multiple, west of Veurne51°02′00″N 2°35′52″E / 51.033230°N 2.597802°E / 51.033230; 2.597802 !J0013862943611 −4 m
−13 ft
!B9934575280394 694 m
2,277 ft
 Belize Doyle's Delight !B9929753509695 1124 m
3,688 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9929753509695 1124 m
3,688 ft
 Benin Mont Sokbaro !B9935107950686 658 m
2,159 ft
Bight of Benin !F sea level !B9935107950686 658 m
2,159 ft
 Bermuda Town Hill on Bermuda !B9956692666597 76 m
249 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9956692666597 76 m
249 ft
 Bhutan Gangkhar Puensum !B9910680516535 7570 m
24,836 ft
Drangme Chhu !B9954252890214 97 m
318 ft
!B9910809481960 7473 m
24,518 ft
 Bolivia Sajama !B9912140017919 6542 m
21,463 ft
Rio Paraguay !B9955001903296 90 m
295 ft
!B9912278545607 6452 m
21,168 ft
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Maglić !B9922226263973 2386 m
7,828 ft
Adriatic Sea !F sea level !B9922226263973 2386 m
7,828 ft
 Botswana Otse Hill !B9926927976852 1491 m
4,892 ft
confluence of Limpopo River and Shashe River !B9937597241548 513 m
1,683 ft
!B9931144903299 978 m
3,209 ft
 Bouvet Island Olavtoppen on Bouvet Island !B9931594534707 935 m
3,068 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9931594534707 935 m
3,068 ft
 Brazil Pico da Neblina !B9919956344350 2994 m
9,823 ft
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9919956344350 2994 m
9,823 ft
 British Indian Ocean Territory unnamed location on Diego Garcia !B9972919497988 15 m
49 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9972919497988 15 m
49 ft
 Brunei Bukit Pagon on Borneo !B9924770590819 1850 m
6,070 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9924770590819 1850 m
6,070 ft
 Bulgaria Musala !B9920189502403 2925 m
9,596 ft
Black Sea !F sea level !B9920189502403 2925 m
9,596 ft
 Burkina Faso Tena Kourou !B9933812610164 749 m
2,457 ft
Black Volta !B9947016826334 200 m
656 ft
!B9936919015584 549 m
1,801 ft
 Burma Hkakabo Razi !B9913205179055 5881 m
19,295 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9913205179055 5881 m
19,295 ft
 Burundi Mount Heha !B9921049365019 2684 m
8,806 ft
Lake Tanganyika !B9933510154499 772 m
2,533 ft
!B9924440949063 1912 m
6,273 ft
 Cambodia Phnom Aural !B9924989178757 1810 m
5,938 ft
Gulf of Thailand !F sea level !B9924989178757 1810 m
5,938 ft
 Cameroon Mount Cameroon !B9916960000290 4040 m
13,255 ft
Bight of Bonny !F sea level !B9916960000290 4040 m
13,255 ft
 Canada Mount Logan[8] !B9913073420392 5959 m
19,551 ft
North Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
North Pacific Ocean
!F sea level !B9913073420392 5959 m
19,551 ft
 Cape Verde Mount Fogo on Fogo !B9920523214286 2829 m
9,281 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9920523214286 2829 m
9,281 ft
 Cayman Islands The Bluff on Cayman Brac !B9961713586035 46 m
151 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9961713586035 46 m
151 ft
 Central African Republic Mont Ngaoui !B9927415878494 1420 m
4,659 ft
Ubangi River !B9941858694681 335 m
1,099 ft
!B9930106647340 1085 m
3,560 ft
 Chad Emi Koussi !B9918553208165 3445 m
11,302 ft
Bodélé Depression !B9949248261847 160 m
525 ft
!B9919028780690 3285 m
10,778 ft
 Chile Ojos del Salado[9][10] !B9911617383171 6893 m
22,615 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9911617383171 6893 m
22,615 ft
ChinaChina, People's Republic of[11] Mount Everest[12] !B9909118272619 8850 m
29,035 ft
Aydingkol[13] !J0050369526024 −154 m
−505 ft
!B9908945757979 9,004 m
29,541 ft
 Christmas Island Murray Hill on Christmas Island !B9941111220416 361 m
1,184 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9941111220416 361 m
1,184 ft
Clipperton Island Clipperton Island Rocher Clipperton on Île de Clipperton !B9966327041700 29 m
95 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9966327041700 29 m
95 ft
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands unnamed location !B9983905620875 5 m
16 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9983905620875 5 m
16 ft
 Colombia Pico Cristóbal Colón[14][15]
Pico Simón Bolívar[14][15]
!B9913517785461 5700 m
18,701 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
!F sea level !B9913517785461 5700 m
18,701 ft
 Comoros Mount Karthala on Grande Comore !B9922335831019 2360 m
7,743 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9922335831019 2360 m
7,743 ft
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Margherita Peak !B9914612410306 5109 m
16,762 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9914612410306 5109 m
16,762 ft
 Republic of the Congo Mont Nabeba !B9930724420937 1020 m
3,346 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9930724420937 1020 m
3,346 ft
 Cook Islands Te Manga on Rarotonga !B9935199554380 652 m
2,139 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9935199554380 652 m
2,139 ft
Coral Sea Islands Coral Sea Islands unnamed location on Cato Island !B9966327041700 29 m
95 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9966327041700 29 m
95 ft
 Costa Rica Cerro Chirripó !B9917519942983 3820 m
12,533 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
!F sea level !B9917519942983 3820 m
12,533 ft
 Ivory Coast Mont Nimba !B9925314867285 1752 m
5,748 ft
Gulf of Guinea !F sea level !B9925314867285 1752 m
5,748 ft
 Croatia Dinara !B9924873824553 1831 m
6,007 ft
Adriatic Sea !F sea level !B9924873824553 1831 m
6,007 ft
 Cuba Pico Turquino on Cuba !B9924121827800 1974 m
6,476 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9924121827800 1974 m
6,476 ft
 Curaçao Christoffelberg on Curaçao !B9940730739740 375 m
1,230 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9940730739740 375 m
1,230 ft
 Cyprus Mount Olympus on Cyprus !B9924239026593 1951 m
6,401 ft
Mediterranean Sea !F sea level !B9924239026593 1951 m
6,401 ft
 Czech Republic Sněžka !B9926209918723 1602 m
5,256 ft
Elbe !B9952550678716 115 m
377 ft
!B9926954840535 1487 m
4,879 ft
 Denmark Møllehøj !B9948591554922 171 m
561 ft
Lammefjord !J0019459101490 −7 m
−23 ft
!B9948190032760 178 m
584 ft
 Djibouti Mousa Ali !B9923851946352 2028 m
6,654 ft
Lake Asal[16] !J0050434251169 −155 m
−509 ft
!B9923115446434 2183 m
7,162 ft
 Dominica Morne Diablotins on Dominica !B9927227522733 1447 m
4,747 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9927227522733 1447 m
4,747 ft
 Dominican Republic Pico Duarte[17] on Hispaniola !B9919614879790 3098 m
10,164 ft
Lago Enriquillo[18][19] on Hispaniola !J0038066624897 −45 m
−148 ft
!B9919470669632 3143 m
10,312 ft
 Ecuador Chimborazo[20] !B9912569469497 6267 m
20,561 ft
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9912569469497 6267 m
20,561 ft
 Egypt Mount Catherine !B9921256411752 2629 m
8,625 ft
Qattara Depression !J0048903491282 −133 m
−436 ft
!B9920762896660 2762 m
9,062 ft
 El Salvador Cerro El Pital !B9920879431118 2730 m
8,957 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9920879431118 2730 m
8,957 ft
 Equatorial Guinea Pico Basile on Bioko !B9919909693149 3008 m
9,869 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9919909693149 3008 m
9,869 ft
 Eritrea Emba Soira !B9919876503606 3018 m
9,902 ft
Lake Kulul !J0043174881135 −75 m
−246 ft
!B9919631032273 3093 m
10,148 ft
 Estonia Suur Munamägi !B9942379486172 318 m
1,043 ft
Baltic Sea !F sea level !B9942379486172 318 m
1,043 ft
 Ethiopia Ras Dejen !B9915771174880 4550 m
14,928 ft
Danakil Depression !J0048283137373 −125 m
−410 ft
!B9915500155582 4675 m
15,338 ft
 Falkland Islands Mount Usborne on East Falkland !B9934418021971 705 m
2,313 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9934418021971 705 m
2,313 ft
 Faroe Islands Slættaratindur on Eysturoy !B9932178079439 882 m
2,894 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9932178079439 882 m
2,894 ft
 Fiji Tomanivi on Viti Levu !B9928115872635 1324 m
4,344 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9928115872635 1324 m
4,344 ft
 Finland Halti !B9928115872635 1324 m
4,344 ft
Baltic Sea !F sea level !B9928115872635 1324 m
4,344 ft
 France Mont Blanc[21] !B9915215476369 4810 m
15,781 ft
Les Moëres, Nord !J0013862943611 −4 m
−13 ft
!B9915211319229 4812 m
15,787 ft
 French Guiana Bellevue de l'Inini !B9932535878714 851 m
2,792 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9932535878714 851 m
2,792 ft
 French Polynesia Mont Orohena[22] on Tahiti !B9922853225261 2241 m
7,352 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9922853225261 2241 m
7,352 ft
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Mont Ross on Iles Kerguelen !B9924770590819 1850 m
6,070 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9924770590819 1850 m
6,070 ft
 Gabon Mont Bengoué !B9930245860725 1070 m
3,510 ft
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9930245860725 1070 m
3,510 ft
 Gambia unnamed location !B9960297080864 53 m
174 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9960297080864 53 m
174 ft
 Georgia Shkhara !B9914433938062 5201 m
17,064 ft
Black Sea !F sea level !B9914433938062 5201 m
17,064 ft
 Germany Zugspitze !B9920063800051 2962 m
9,718 ft
Neuendorf-Sachsenbande !J0012638442013 −4 m
−12 ft
!B9920051859175 2966 m
9,729 ft
 Ghana Mount Afadjato !B9932200780925 880 m
2,887 ft
Gulf of Guinea !F sea level !B9932200780925 880 m
2,887 ft
 Gibraltar Rock of Gibraltar !B9939455606537 426 m
1,398 ft
Strait of Gibraltar !F sea level !B9939455606537 426 m
1,398 ft
 Greece Mount Olympus !B9920210036291 2919 m
9,577 ft
Mediterranean Sea !F sea level !B9920210036291 2919 m
9,577 ft
 Greenland Gunnbjørn Fjeld[23][24] on Greenland !B9917839119013 3700 m
12,139 ft
Arctic Ocean
North Atlantic Ocean
!F sea level !B9917839119013 3700 m
12,139 ft
 Grenada Mount Saint Catherine on Grenada !B9932665981081 840 m
2,756 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9932665981081 840 m
2,756 ft
 Guadeloupe La Grande Soufrière on Île de Basse-Terre !B9926975035762 1484 m
4,869 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9926975035762 1484 m
4,869 ft
 Guam Mount Lamlam[25] on Guam !B9939936468403 406 m
1,332 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9939936468403 406 m
1,332 ft
 Guatemala Volcán Tajumulco[26] !B9916524095929 4220 m
13,845 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
!F sea level !B9916524095929 4220 m
13,845 ft
 Guernsey Le Moulin on Sark !B9952638015516 114 m
374 ft
English Channel !F sea level !B9952638015516 114 m
374 ft
 Guinea Mont Nimba !B9925314867285 1752 m
5,748 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9925314867285 1752 m
5,748 ft
 Guinea-Bissau unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country !B9942962175253 300 m
984 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9942962175253 300 m
984 ft
 Guyana Mount Roraima !B9920806438093 2750 m
9,022 ft[27]
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9920806438093 2750 m
9,022 ft
 Haiti Pic la Selle on Hispaniola !B9921064279264 2680 m
8,793 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9921064279264 2680 m
8,793 ft
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands Mawson Peak on Heard Island[7] !B9920824636460 2745 m
9,006 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9920824636460 2745 m
9,006 ft
 Honduras Cerro Las Minas !B9920379326912 2870 m
9,416 ft
Caribbean Sea
North Pacific Ocean
!F sea level !B9920379326912 2870 m
9,416 ft
 Hong Kong Tai Mo Shan !B9931351522220 958 m
3,143 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9931351522220 958 m
3,143 ft
 Hungary Kékes !B9930783418158 1014 m
3,327 ft
Tisza !B9956692666597 76 m
249 ft
!B9931562500509 938 m
3,077 ft
 Iceland Hvannadalshnúkur on Iceland !B9923457463649 2110 m
6,921 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9923457463649 2110 m
6,921 ft
 India Kangchenjunga[28][29] !B9909421117512 8586 m
28,169 ft
Kuttanad[30] !J0007884573603 −2 m
−7 ft
!B9909418555529 8588 m
28,177 ft
 Indonesia Puncak Jaya[31][32] on New Guinea !B9915062801647 4884 m
16,024 ft
Indian Ocean
South Pacific Ocean
!F sea level !B9915062801647 4884 m
16,024 ft
 Iran Damavand !B9913676940014 5610 m
18,406 ft
Caspian Sea !J0033322045101 −28 m
−92 ft
!B9913627153283 5638 m
18,497 ft
 Iraq Cheekha Dar !B9918082599787 3611 m
11,847 ft
Persian Gulf !F sea level !B9918082599787 3611 m
11,847 ft
 Ireland Carrauntoohil on Ireland !B9930549489362 1038 m
3,406 ft
North Slob on Ireland !J0010986122886 −3 m
−10 ft
!B9930549489362 1038 m
3,406 ft
 Isle of Man Snaefell on the Isle of Man !B9935686689180 621 m
2,037 ft
Irish Sea !F sea level !B9935686689180 621 m
2,037 ft
 Israel Mount Hermon !B9920576377623 2,814 Dead Sea[33] !J0060591231955 −428 m
−1,404 ft
!B9926036647061 1630 m
5,348 ft
 Italy Monte Bianco[21] !B9915215476369 4810 m
15,781 ft
Jolanda di Savoia !J0011631508098 −3 m
−10 ft
!B9915208825774 4813 m
15,791 ft
 Jamaica Blue Mountain Peak on Jamaica !B9922786513873 2256 m
7,402 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9922786513873 2256 m
7,402 ft
 Japan Mount Fuji on Honshū !B9917635794727 3776 m
12,388 ft
Hachiro-gata on Honshū !J0013862943611 −4 m
−13 ft
!B9917625207113 3780 m
12,402 ft
 Jersey Les Platons on Jersey !B9950371553697 143 m
469 ft
English Channel !F sea level !B9950371553697 143 m
469 ft
 Jordan Jabal Umm ad Dami !B9924748992538 1854 m
6,083 ft
Dead Sea[33] !J0060591231955 −428 m
−1,404 ft
!B9922698252047 2276 m
7,467 ft
 Kazakhstan Khan Tengri !B9911449070199 7010 m
22,999 ft
Karagiye Depression !J0048828019225 −132 m
−433 ft
!B9911262518718 7142 m
23,432 ft
 Kenya Mount Kenya !B9914437784216 5199 m
17,057 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9914437784216 5199 m
17,057 ft
 Kiribati unnamed location on Banaba !B9956055508453 81 m
266 ft
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9956055508453 81 m
266 ft
 North Korea Paektu-san !B9920828280111 2744 m
9,003 ft
Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea
!F sea level !B9920828280111 2744 m
9,003 ft
 South Korea Halla-san on Jejudo !B9924244153484 1950 m
6,398 ft
Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea
!F sea level !B9924244153484 1950 m
6,398 ft
Kosovo Kosovo[34] Gjeravica !B9921154234894 2656 m
8,714 ft
White Drin !B9943062678611 297 m
974 ft
!B9922340069205 2359 m
7,740 ft
 Kuwait unnamed location !B9942764148980 306 m
1,004 ft
Persian Gulf !F sea level !B9942764148980 306 m
1,004 ft
 Kyrgyzstan Jengish Chokusu !B9910855082898 7439 m
24,406 ft
Kara Darya !B9939246539689 435 m
1,427 ft
!B9911457633065 7004 m
22,979 ft
 Laos Phou Bia !B9920565722321 2817 m
9,242 ft
Mekong !B9957515047579 70 m
230 ft
!B9920817353139 2747 m
9,012 ft
 Latvia Gaizinkalns !B9942569968121 312 m
1,024 ft
Baltic Sea !F sea level !B9942569968121 312 m
1,024 ft
 Lebanon Qurnat as Sawda' !B9919647210888 3088 m
10,131 ft
Mediterranean Sea !F sea level !B9919647210888 3088 m
10,131 ft
 Lesotho Thabana Ntlenyana[35] !B9918446378796 3482 m
11,424 ft
confluence of Orange River and Makhaleng River !B9927557724843 1400 m
4,593 ft
!B9923589157508 2082 m
6,831 ft
 Liberia Mount Wuteve !B9927276016074 1440 m
4,724 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9927276016074 1440 m
4,724 ft
 Libya Bikku Bitti !B9922737873494 2267 m
7,438 ft
Sabkhat Ghuzayyil !J0038501476017 −47 m
−154 ft
!B9922532670922 2314 m
7,592 ft
 Liechtenstein Grauspitz !B9921371179653 2599 m
8,527 ft
Rhine !B9939362147913 430 m
1,411 ft
!B9923179784891 2169 m
7,116 ft
 Lithuania Aukštojas Hill !B9943169645984 294 m
964 ft
Nemunas Delta55°20′54″N 21°22′07″E / 55.348299°N 21.368510°E / 55.348299; 21.368510 !J0015892352051 −5 m
−16 ft
!B9943125501799 295 m
968 ft
 Luxembourg Kneiff !B9936720632162 560 m
1,837 ft
Moselle River !B9951096508717 133 m
436 ft
!B9939432159867 427 m
1,401 ft
 Macau Coloane Alto on Gau Ou Saan !B9948525055231 172 m
564 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9948525055231 172 m
564 ft
 Macedonia Golem Korab !B9920755658151 2764 m
9,068 ft
Vardar !B9960879769945 50 m
164 ft
!B9920938211596 2714 m
8,904 ft
 Madagascar Maromokotro on Madagascar !B9920358442811 2876 m
9,436 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9920358442811 2876 m
9,436 ft
 Malawi Mount Mulanje !B9919929659878 3002 m
9,849 ft
Shire River !B9963890820873 37 m
121 ft
!B9920053676885 2965 m
9,728 ft
 Malaysia Gunung Kinabalu on Borneo !B9916824780037 4095 m
13,435 ft
South China Sea
Indian Ocean
!F sea level !B9916824780037 4095 m
13,435 ft
 Maldives[36] unnamed location on Villingili[37] !B9991245312626 2 m
8 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9991245312626 2 m
8 ft
 Mali Hombori Tondo !B9929481443770 1155 m
3,789 ft
Senegal River !B9968645057840 23 m
75 ft
!B9929682587412 1132 m
3,714 ft
 Malta Ta'Dmejrek on Malta Island !B9944666105112 253 m
830 ft
Mediterranean Sea !F sea level !B9944666105112 253 m
830 ft
 Marshall Islands unnamed location on Likiep !B9976974149070 10 m
33 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9976974149070 10 m
33 ft
 Martinique Montagne Pelee on Martinique !B9927579176407 1397 m
4,583 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9927579176407 1397 m
4,583 ft
 Mauritania Kediet ej Jill !B9931810759347 915 m
3,002 ft
Sebkha de Ndrhamcha !J0016094379124 −5 m
−16 ft
!B9931756263299 920 m
3,018 ft
 Mauritius Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire on Mauritius !B9932809868456 828 m
2,717 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9932809868456 828 m
2,717 ft
 Mayotte Benara on Mahoré !B9935077601649 660 m
2,165 ft
Mozambique Channel !F sea level !B9935077601649 660 m
2,165 ft
 Mexico Volcán Citlaltépetl (Pico de Orizaba)[38] !B9913630701269 5636 m
18,491 ft
Laguna Salada !J0023025850929 −10 m
−33 ft
!B9913612973911 5646 m
18,524 ft
 Federated States of Micronesia Dolohmwar on Pohnpei !B9933267020322 791 m
2,595 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9933267020322 791 m
2,595 ft
 Moldova Dealul Bălăneşti !B9939362147913 430 m
1,411 ft
Dniester !B9993068528194 2 m
7 ft
!B9939408768044 428 m
1,404 ft
 Monaco along Chemin des Révoires on Mont Agel !B9949185956350 161 m
528 ft
Mediterranean Sea !F sea level !B9949185956350 161 m
528 ft
 Mongolia Khüiten Peak !B9916165667987 4374 m
14,350 ft
Hoh Nuur Depression !B9937500247577 518 m
1,699 ft
!B9917426143442 3856 m
12,651 ft
 Montenegro Zla Kolata !B9921624456391 2534 m
8,314 ft
Adriatic Sea !F sea level !B9921624456391 2534 m
8,314 ft
 Montserrat Chances Peak on Montserrat !B9931810759347 915 m
3,002 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9931810759347 915 m
3,002 ft
 Morocco[39] Jbel Toubkal !B9916655284453 4165 m
13,665 ft
Sebjet Tah !J0040073331852 −55 m
−180 ft
!B9916524095929 4220 m
13,845 ft
 Mozambique Monte Binga !B9922018873711 2436 m
7,992 ft
Mozambique Channel !F sea level !B9922018873711 2436 m
7,992 ft
 Namibia Konigstein !B9921344282423 2606 m
8,550 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9921344282423 2606 m
8,550 ft
 Nauru Command Ridge on Nauru !B9957373201229 71 m
233 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9957373201229 71 m
233 ft
Navassa Island Navassa Island unnamed location on Navassa Island !B9956561945781 77 m
253 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9956561945781 77 m
253 ft
   Nepal Mount Everest[12] !B9909118272619 8850 m
29,035 ft
Kanchan Kalan !B9957515047579 70 m
230 ft
!B9909197683133 8780 m
28,806 ft
 Netherlands Mount Scenery[40] on Saba !B9932121550176 887 m
2,910 ft
Vergeten Plek ("Forgotten Place"), a point in the Zuidplaspolder near Waddinxveen !J0019095425048 −7 m
−22 ft
!B9932045739059 894 m
2,932 ft
 New Caledonia Mont Panié on New Caledonia !B9926048924534 1628 m
5,341 ft
Coral Sea !F sea level !B9926048924534 1628 m
5,341 ft
 New Zealand Aoraki/Mount Cook[41] in the South Island !B9917694227828 3754 m
12,316 ft
Taieri Plains !J0006931471805 −2 m
−7 ft
!B9917688901596 3756 m
12,323 ft
 Nicaragua Mogoton !B9923469795861 2107 m
6,913 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
!F sea level !B9923469795861 2107 m
6,913 ft
 Niger Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès !B9923881576004 2022 m
6,634 ft
Niger River !B9947016826334 200 m
656 ft
!B9924923099221 1822 m
5,978 ft
 Nigeria Chappal Waddi !B9922088904893 2419 m
7,936 ft
unnamed location on Lagos Island !H9983905620875 −0.2 m
−0.7 ft
!B9922088078140 2419 m
7,937 ft
 Niue unnamed location near Mutalau on Niue !B9957804922948 68 m
223 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9957804922948 68 m
223 ft
 Norfolk Island Mount Bates on Norfolk Island !B9942348088972 319 m
1,047 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9942348088972 319 m
1,047 ft
 Northern Mariana Islands unnamed location on Agrihan !B9931278718986 965 m
3,166 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9931278718986 965 m
3,166 ft
 Norway Galdhøpiggen !B9921884315106 2469 m
8,100 ft
Norwegian Sea !F sea level !B9921884315106 2469 m
8,100 ft
 Oman Jabal Shams !B9920003214205 2980 m
9,777 ft
Arabian Sea !F sea level !B9920003214205 2980 m
9,777 ft
 Pakistan K2[42][43] !B9909392042653 8611 m
28,251 ft
Arabian Sea !F sea level !B9909392042653 8611 m
28,251 ft
 Palau Mount Ngerchelchuus on Babeldaob !B9945110622738 242 m
794 ft
North Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9945110622738 242 m
794 ft
 Palestine Mount Nabi Yunis !B9930626859187 1030 m
3,379 ft
Dead Sea[33] !J0060591231955 −428 m
−1,404 ft
!B9927248276805 1444 m
4,738 ft
 Panama Volcán Barú !B9918466502420 3475 m
11,401 ft
North Pacific Ocean
Caribbean Sea
!F sea level !B9918466502420 3475 m
11,401 ft
 Papua New Guinea Mount Wilhelm on New Guinea !B9915861693215 4509 m
14,793 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9915861693215 4509 m
14,793 ft
 Paraguay Cerro Peró !B9932642199857 842 m
2,762 ft
Rio Paraguay !B9961713586035 46 m
151 ft
!B9933204008141 796 m
2,612 ft
 Peru Huascarán[44] !B9911800390987 6768 m
22,205 ft
Sechura Depression !J0035263605246 −34 m
−112 ft
!B9911800390987 6768 m
22,205 ft
 Philippines Mount Apo on Mindanao !B9920090845369 2954 m
9,692 ft
Philippine Sea
South China Sea
!F sea level !B9920090845369 2954 m
9,692 ft
 Pitcairn Islands Pawala Valley Ridge on Pitcairn Island !B9941506752200 347 m
1,138 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9941506752200 347 m
1,138 ft
 Poland Northwestern peak of Rysy !B9921763540691 2499 m
8,199 ft
Żuławy Wiślane !J0005877866649 −2 m
−6 ft
!B9921743952046 2504 m
8,215 ft
 Portugal Ponta do Pico on Pico Island[45] !B9922374039514 2351 m
7,713 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9922374039514 2351 m
7,713 ft
 Puerto Rico Cerro de Punta on Puerto Rico !B9928010687593 1338 m
4,390 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9928010687593 1338 m
4,390 ft
 Qatar Qurayn Abu al Bawl !B9953652710117 103 m
338 ft
Persian Gulf !F sea level !B9953652710117 103 m
338 ft
 Réunion Piton des Neiges on Réunion !B9919708929453 3069 m
10,069 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9919708929453 3069 m
10,069 ft
 Romania Moldoveanu !B9921585070755 2544 m
8,346 ft
Black Sea !F sea level !B9921585070755 2544 m
8,346 ft
 Russia Mount Elbrus[46][47] !B9913620061084 5642 m
18,510 ft
Caspian Sea[48] !J0033322045101 −28 m
−92 ft
!B9913570556032 5670 m
18,602 ft
 Rwanda Mount Karisimbi !B9915839539905 4519 m
14,826 ft
Ruzizi River !B9931435380154 950 m
3,117 ft
!B9918199592765 3569 m
11,709 ft
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[39] unnamed location !B9933091577225 805 m
2,641 ft
Sebjet Tah !J0040073331852 −55 m
−180 ft
!B9932430676107 860 m
2,822 ft
 Saint Barthélemy Morne du Vitet on Saint Barthélemy !B9943440081891 286 m
938 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9943440081891 286 m
938 ft
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha !B9923695387382 2060 m
6,759 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9923695387382 2060 m
6,759 ft
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Mount Liamuiga on Saint Kitts !B9929472789507 1156 m
3,793 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9929472789507 1156 m
3,793 ft
 Saint Lucia Mount Gimie on Saint Lucia !B9931435380154 950 m
3,117 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9931435380154 950 m
3,117 ft
 Saint Martin Pic Paradis on Saint Martin !B9939502665447 424 m
1,391 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9939502665447 424 m
1,391 ft
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Morne de la Grande Montagne on Miquelon !B9945193610766 240 m
787 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9945193610766 240 m
787 ft
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière on Saint Vincent !B9928819837955 1234 m
4,049 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9928819837955 1234 m
4,049 ft
 Samoa Mauga Silisili on Savai'i !B9924732824386 1857 m
6,093 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9924732824386 1857 m
6,093 ft
 San Marino Monte Titano !B9933732822507 755 m
2,477 ft
Ausa River !B9959926668147 55 m
180 ft
!B9934489196649 700 m
2,297 ft
 São Tomé and Príncipe Pico de São Tomé on São Tomé Island !B9923871689695 2024 m
6,640 ft
Gulf of Guinea !F sea level !B9923871689695 2024 m
6,640 ft
 Saudi Arabia Jabal Sawda !B9919502537090 3133 m
10,279 ft
Persian Gulf
Red Sea
!F sea level !B9919502537090 3133 m
10,279 ft
 Senegal unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha !B9936352492431 581 m
1,906 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9936352492431 581 m
1,906 ft
 Serbia (excluding Kosovo) Midžor !B9923179784891 2169 m
7,116 ft
Iron Gate !B9966677954898 28 m
92 ft
!B9921260216203 2628 m
8,622 ft
 Seychelles Morne Seychellois on Mahé !B9931920650563 905 m
2,969 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9931920650563 905 m
2,969 ft
 Sierra Leone Mount Bintumani !B9924254415157 1948 m
6,391 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9924254415157 1948 m
6,391 ft
 Singapore Bukit Timah on Singapore !B9949023922185 164 m
537 ft
Singapore Strait !F sea level !B9949023922185 164 m
537 ft
 Sint Maarten Sentry Hill on Sint Maarten !B9941710543823 340 m
1,115 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9941710543823 340 m
1,115 ft
 Slovakia Gerlachovský štít !B9921158000663 2655 m
8,711 ft
Bodrog !B9954567052177 94 m
308 ft
!B9921518469138 2561 m
8,402 ft
 Slovenia Triglav !B9920400254719 2864 m
9,396 ft
Adriatic Sea !F sea level !B9920400254719 2864 m
9,396 ft
 Solomon Islands Mount Popomanaseu on Guadalcanal !B9922442328298 2335 m
7,661 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9922442328298 2335 m
7,661 ft
 Somalia Shimbiris !B9921961566964 2450 m
8,038 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9921961566964 2450 m
8,038 ft
 South Africa Mafadi !B9918538704899 3450 m
11,319 ft
South Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
!F sea level !B9918538704899 3450 m
11,319 ft
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Mount Paget[49] on South Georgia !B9920158780412 2934 m
9,626 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9920158780412 2934 m
9,626 ft
 South Sudan Kinyeti !B9919331646855 3187 m
10,456 ft
White Nile !B9941420668455 350 m
1,148 ft
!B9920494975651 2837 m
9,308 ft
 Spain Teide[50] on Tenerife[51] !B9917790588317 3718 m
12,198 ft
North Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea
!F sea level !B9917790588317 3718 m
12,198 ft
Spratly Islands[52] unnamed location on Southwest Cay !B9986137056388 4 m
13 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9986137056388 4 m
13 ft
 Sri Lanka Pidurutalagala on Sri Lanka !B9921663997763 2524 m
8,281 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9921663997763 2524 m
8,281 ft
 Sudan Deriba Caldera !B9919797295271 3042 m
9,980 ft
Red Sea !F sea level !B9919797295271 3042 m
9,980 ft
 Suriname Juliana Top !B9928852305516 1230 m
4,035 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9928852305516 1230 m
4,035 ft
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen Haakon VII Toppen !B9922693859339 2277 m
7,470 ft on Jan Mayen
Norwegian Sea !F sea level !B9922693859339 2277 m
7,470 ft
 Swaziland Emlembe !B9924705935421 1862 m
6,109 ft
Maputo River !B9969554775622 21 m
69 ft
!B9924819358187 1841 m
6,040 ft
 Sweden Kebnekaise !B9923484044261 2104 m
6,903 ft
Kristianstad !J0008754687373 −2 m
−8 ft
!B9923472643918 2106 m
6,911 ft
  Switzerland Monte Rosa !B9915588242950 4634 m
15,203 ft
Lake Maggiore !B9947373098110 193 m
633 ft
!B9916013651447 4441 m
14,570 ft
 Syria Jabal el-Sheikh !B9920576377623 2814 m
9,232 ft
Northeast shores of the Sea of Galilee in the Golan Heights, from Syrian point of view. See Israeli-occupied territories !J0053659760150 −214 m
−702 ft
!B9920576377623 2814 m
9,232 ft
 Taiwan[53] Yu Shan on Taiwan !B9917180229411 3952 m
12,966 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9917180229411 3952 m
12,966 ft
 Tajikistan Ismoil Somoni Peak !B9910780085894 7495 m
24,590 ft
Syr Darya !B9942962175253 300 m
984 ft
!B9911188583806 7195 m
23,606 ft
 Tanzania Kilimanjaro[54][55] !B9913186492224 5892 m
19,331 ft
Indian Ocean !F sea level !B9913186492224 5892 m
19,331 ft
 Thailand Doi Inthanon !B9921502862423 2565 m
8,415 ft
Gulf of Thailand
Andaman Sea
!F sea level !B9921502862423 2565 m
8,415 ft
 Timor-Leste Mount Ramelau on Timor !B9920060424524 2963 m
9,721 ft
Timor Sea !F sea level !B9920060424524 2963 m
9,721 ft
 Togo Mont Agou !B9931063436453 986 m
3,235 ft
Bight of Benin !F sea level !B9931063436453 986 m
3,235 ft
 Tokelau unnamed location !B9983905620875 5 m
16 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9983905620875 5 m
16 ft
 Tonga unnamed location on Kao !B9930597775308 1033 m
3,389 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9930597775308 1033 m
3,389 ft
 Trinidad and Tobago El Cerro del Aripo on Trinidad !B9931541201247 940 m
3,084 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9931541201247 940 m
3,084 ft
 Tunisia Jebel ech Chambi !B9926578682694 1544 m
5,066 ft
Shatt al Gharsah !J0028332133440 −17 m
−56 ft
!B9926469180794 1561 m
5,121 ft
 Turkey Mount Ararat !B9914557754695 5137 m
16,854 ft
Mediterranean Sea
Black Sea
!F sea level !B9914557754695 5137 m
16,854 ft
 Turkmenistan Gora Ayrybaba !B9919483404431 3139 m
10,299 ft
Vpadina Akchanaya[56] !J0043944491546 −81 m
−266 ft
!B9919228633614 3220 m
10,564 ft
 Turks and Caicos Islands Blue Hills on Providenciales !B9961081797018 49 m
161 ft
North Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9961081797018 49 m
161 ft
 Tuvalu unnamed location !B9984959226032 5 m
15 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9984959226032 5 m
15 ft
 Uganda Margherita Peak !B9914612410306 5109 m
16,762 ft
Albert Nile !B9935686689180 621 m
2,037 ft
!B9915908375527 4488 m
14,724 ft
 Ukraine Hora Hoverla !B9923690534191 2061 m
6,762 ft
Kuyalnik Estuary !J0016094379124 −5 m
−16 ft
!B9923666303503 2066 m
6,778 ft
 United Arab Emirates unnamed knoll west of Jabal Bil Ays !B9924451414789 1910 m
6,266 ft
Persian Gulf
Gulf of Oman
!F sea level !B9924451414789 1910 m
6,266 ft
 United Kingdom Ben Nevis on Great Britain !B9927973388034 1343 m
4,406 ft
The Fens on Great Britain !J0013862943611 −4 m
−13 ft
!B9927943648235 1347 m
4,419 ft
 United States Mount McKinley (Denali)[57][58][59][60] !B9912687379076 6194 m
20,320 ft
Badwater Basin[61] !J0044450014338 −85 m
−280 ft
!B9912550753976 6279 m
20,600 ft
 United States Minor Outlying Islands unnamed hill on Sand Island !B9974350506425 13 m
43 ft
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9974350506425 13 m
43 ft
 Uruguay Cerro Catedral !B9937584384320 514 m
1,685 ft
South Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9937584384320 514 m
1,685 ft
 Uzbekistan Khazret Sultan !B9915568840119 4643 m
15,233 ft
Sariqarnish Kuli[56] !J0024849066497 −12 m
−39 ft
!B9915543028102 4655 m
15,272 ft
 Vanuatu Mount Tabwemasana on Espiritu Santo !B9924625699634 1877 m
6,158 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9924625699634 1877 m
6,158 ft
  Vatican City unnamed location !B9956825118864 75 m
246 ft
Saint Peter's Square !B9965034924385 33 m
108 ft
!B9962623303817 42 m
138 ft
 Venezuela Pico Bolívar !B9914866140469 4981 m
16,342 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9914866140469 4981 m
16,342 ft
 Vietnam Fan Si Pan !B9919470669632 3143 m
10,312 ft
South China Sea !F sea level !B9919470669632 3143 m
10,312 ft
 British Virgin Islands Mount Sage on Tortola !B9937442499582 521 m
1,709 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9937442499582 521 m
1,709 ft
 United States Virgin Islands Crown Mountain on Saint Thomas !B9938387926783 474 m
1,555 ft
Caribbean Sea !F sea level !B9938387926783 474 m
1,555 ft
 Wallis and Futuna Mont Puke on Futuna !B9937385083156 524 m
1,719 ft
South Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9937385083156 524 m
1,719 ft
 Yemen Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb !B9917931435716 3666 m
12,028 ft
Arabian Sea !F sea level !B9917931435716 3666 m
12,028 ft
 Zambia unnamed location in Mafinga Hills !B9922468057301 2329 m
7,641 ft
Zambezi !B9942039422492 329 m
1,079 ft
!B9923990975404 2000 m
6,562 ft
 Zimbabwe Mount Nyangani !B9921398149425 2592 m
8,504 ft
confluence of Runde River and Save River !B9949124036647 162 m
531 ft
!B9922043534636 2430 m
7,972 ft
Rotating earth (Very small).gif Earth Mount Everest[12] !B9909118272619 8850 m
29,035 ft
Dead Sea[33] !J0060591231955 −428 m
−1,404 ft
!B9908652456149 9,272 m
30,420 ft

National elevation ranges[edit]

Of all countries, Lesotho has the world's highest low point at 1400 m. Other countries with high low points include Rwanda (950 m) and Andorra (840 m). The Maldives have the world's lowest high point at 2.4 m. Other countries with very low high points include Tuvalu (5 m) and the Marshall Islands (10 m). These island countries also have the smallest range between their lowest (sea level) and highest points, and are very sensitive to rise in sea level.

The highest and lowest points in China constitute the greatest elevation range within any single country at 9004 m. The elevation ranges are also great in Nepal (8780 m), Pakistan (8611 m), and India (8588 m).

Monaco's elevation range is among the greatest relative to surface area. Within its 2.02 km2 territory, there is a difference of 140 m between its highest and lowest points, equivalent to an average gradient of 69 m for every km2. In Australia's 7,686,850 km2 area there is only a 2244 m difference between the highest and lowest points, which is equivalent to an average gradient of 292 μm gradient per km2.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Antarctica is a continent with no indigenous population and no state. The Antarctic Treaty System extends to all activities south of the 60th Parallel South.
  2. ^ The summit of Vinson Massif is the highest point in the Polar Regions.
  3. ^ The summit of Vinson Massif is the sixth most topographically isolated and the eighth most topographically prominent point on Earth.
  4. ^ The summit of Aconcagua is the highest point outside of Asia.
  5. ^ The summit of Aconcagua is the second most prominent point on Earth.
  6. ^ Laguna del Carbón is the lowest point in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
  7. ^ a b The summit of Mawson Peak on Heard Island is the highest point on a dependent territory of Australia.
  8. ^ The summit of Mount Logan is the sixth most prominent point on Earth.
  9. ^ Ojos del Salado is the highest volcano on Earth.
  10. ^ The summit of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is the twelfth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  11. ^ China has the broadest range of surface elevations of any country with a span of 9,004 m (29,541 ft).
  12. ^ a b c The summit of Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth.
  13. ^ Aydingkol is the third lowest depression on Earth.
  14. ^ a b It has yet to be determined whether Pico Cristóbal Colón or Pico Simón Bolívar is the highest point of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range.
  15. ^ a b The higher summit of either Pico Cristóbal Colón or Pico Simón Bolívar is the fifth most prominent point on Earth.
  16. ^ Lake Asal is the second lowest depression on Earth.
  17. ^ The summit of Pico Duarte on Hispaniola is the highest point in the Caribbean.
  18. ^ Eva Joelisa Romero Luna; Dina Poteau (August 2011). "Water Level Fluctuations of Lake Enriquillo and Lake Saumatre in Response to Environmental Changes" (PDF). Cornell University. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  19. ^ The shore of Lago Enriquillo on Hispaniola is the lowest point on any ocean island.
  20. ^ The summit of Chimborazo is the farthest point from the center of the Earth.
  21. ^ a b The summit of Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) is the highest point in Western Europe.
  22. ^ The summit of Mont Orohena on Tahiti is the seventh most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  23. ^ The summit of Gunnbjørn Fjeld on Greenland is the highest point in the Arctic.
  24. ^ The summit of Gunnbjørn Fjeld on Greenland is the ninth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  25. ^ The summit of Mount Lamlam on Guam is 11,377 meters (37,326 ft) above the Challenger Deep.
  26. ^ The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point in Central America.
  27. ^ Presumed altitude. Mount Roraima is a large, roughly flat tabletop plateau (a tepui) where the borders of Guyana, Venezuela and Brazil meet. Its highest elevation is at 2,810 m or 9,219 ft, but that point is fully inside Venezuelan territory. The highest point in the Brazilian part of the mountain was determined by a 2005 Brazilian Army survey to be at the international border tripoint and measured by GPS to be at 2,734 m or 8,970 ft. The exact highest point on the Guyanese side of the mountain is not known and may be the border tripoint as well, but it is certainly close to that altitude value anyway. It should also be noted that Venezuela claims that region of Guyana as Guayana Esequiba and therefore does not recognize Mount Roraima as containing Guyana's highest point.
  28. ^ Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain peak on Earth.
  29. ^ India claims all of Kashmir and Jammu. If recognized, this would make the summit of K2 the highest point in India.
  30. ^ "Restoring Kuttanad to its heyday". The Hindu Business Line. 2009-02-02. 
  31. ^ The summit of Puncak Jaya on New Guinea is the highest point on any ocean island.
  32. ^ The summit of Puncak Jaya on New Guinea is the fifth most topographically isolated and the ninth most topographically prominent point on Earth.
  33. ^ a b c d The shore of the Dead Sea is the lowest point on the surface of the Earth, the water table drops about 1 m per year, level -428 m refers to year 2014.
  34. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  35. ^ The summit of Thabana Ntlenyana is the eleventh most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  36. ^ Maldives has the narrowest range of surface elevations of any country with a span of just 2.4 m (8 ft). Maldives has an average surface elevation of just 800 mm (31 in).
  37. ^ The high point of Villingili in Maldives is the lowest high point of any country.
  38. ^ The summit of Volcán Citlaltépetl (Pico de Orizaba) is the seventh most prominent point on Earth.
  39. ^ a b Both Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claim all of Western Sahara.
  40. ^ The summit of the Vaalserberg at 322.7 m (1059 ft) is the highest point in the European Netherlands.
  41. ^ The summit of Aoraki/Mount Cook on the South Island is the tenth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  42. ^ K2 is the second highest mountain peak on Earth.
  43. ^ The area around K2 is claimed by Pakistan, India, and China, although it is currently occupied by Pakistan.
  44. ^ The summit of Huascarán is the highest point in the Tropics.
  45. ^ The summit of Torre is the highest point in continental Portugal.
  46. ^ The summit of Mount Elbrus is the highest point in Europe.
  47. ^ The summit of Mount Elbrus is the tenth most prominent point on Earth.
  48. ^ The shore of the Caspian Sea is the lowest point in Europe.
  49. ^ Mount Paget on South Georgia is the highest mountain peak in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  50. ^ Teide on Tenerife is the highest mountain peak in the Atlantic Ocean.
  51. ^ The summit of Mulhacén is the highest point in continental Spain.
  52. ^ The Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines.
  53. ^ The sovereignty of the Republic of China, which controls Taiwan, is disputed.
  54. ^ The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa.
  55. ^ The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is the fourth most prominent point on Earth.
  56. ^ a b Sarygamysh Koli (Turkmen: Sarygamyş köli, Uzbek: Sariqamish ko‘li) is a salt lake on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan which dries into salt ponds and can eventually leave a salt flat with an elevation as low as −110 m (−361 ft) in Turkmenistan. At present, the water level of the main lake in Turkmenistan is about −60 m (−197 ft) with a higher lake in Uzbekistan at −12 m (−39 ft).
  57. ^ The summit of Mount McKinley (Denali) is the highest point in North America.
  58. ^ The summit of Mount McKinley (Denali) is the third most prominent point on Earth.
  59. ^ Mauna Kea on Hawaiʻi is the highest mountain peak in the North Pacific Ocean.
  60. ^ The summit of Mauna Kea on Hawaiʻi is the eighth most topographically isolated point on Earth.
  61. ^ The Badwater Basin in Death Valley is the lowest point in North America.

External links[edit]