Table of handgun and rifle cartridges

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Rifle Cartridge Comparison
Common rifle cartridges, from the largest .50BMG to the smallest .22LR

Table of selected handgun, submachine gun, rifle and machine gun cartridges by common name. Data values are the highest found for the cartridge, and might not occur in the same load (e.g. the highest muzzle energy might not be in the same load as the highest muzzle velocity, since the bullet weights can differ between loads).

Legend[edit]

  • FL: Factory loadings. Number of manufacturers currently producing complete cartridges - e.g. RWS, Hornady, Winchester, Federal, Remington.
  • H/R: Handgun or Rifle - dominant usage of the cartridge (although several dual-purpose cartridges exist)
  • Size: Metric size - may not be official
  • MV: Muzzle velocity, in feet-per-second
  • ME: Muzzle energy, in foot-pounds
  • P: Momentum, in pound-foot-per-second. A guide to the recoil from the cartridge, and an indicator of bullet penetration potential. The .30-06 Springfield (at 2.064 lb-ft/s) is considered the upper limit for tolerable recoil for inexperienced rifle shooters.[1]
  • Chr: Propellant charge, in grains
  • Dia: Bullet diameter, in inches
  • BC: Ballistic Coefficient


Name Date Nation FL H/R Size MV
(fps)
ME
(ft-lb)
P
(ft-lb/s)
Chr
(gr)
Dia
(in)
Comments
2 mm Kolibri 1914[2] Austria-Hungary H 2.7×9mm 650[2] 3[2] 0.009 0.108[2] Obsolete.[2] Smallest round ever manufactured.
4.6×30mm 2000 Germany H 4.6×30mm 2410 401 0.333 0.183 Bottlenecked high velocity PDW cartridge designed by Heckler & Koch in conjunction with the Heckler & Koch MP7 personal defense weapon.
5 mm Remington Rimfire Magnum 1970[2] USA R 5×26mm 2100[2] 327 0.311 0.205[2] Obsolete.[2] Rimfire.
5.45×39mm 1974 USSR 1[3] R 5.45×39mm 2810[3] 1052[3] 0.749 0.215 Developed for AK-74.
5.56×45mm NATO 1960 USA R 5.56×45mm 3130[3] 1196[3] 0.764 29.5 0.224 Militarized .223 Rem. Not interchangeable.
5.56×45mm NATO SS109 1979 Belgium 3[3][4][5] R 5.56×45mm 3130[3] 1196[3] 0.764 29.5 0.224 NATO (1980), 2nd gen. Current NATO service including M16 rifle, Steyr AUG, SA80, FAMAS, Heckler & Koch G36. Similar, but not interchangeable with .223 Rem.
5.6mm Gw Pat 90 1987 Switzerland R 5.6×45mm 4000 1243 0.622 29.5 0.224 Swiss military version of the 5.56×45mm NATO / 223 Remington. For SIG-Sauer 550, 551, and 552.
5.7×28mm 1990 Belgium 1[5] H 5.7×28mm 2800 1106[6] 0.79 13 0.224 Bottlenecked high velocity PDW cartridge designed by FN Herstal in conjunction with the FN P90 personal defense weapon and FN Five-seven pistol.
5.8×42mm DBP87 1987 China R 5.8×42mm 3100 1395 0.9 0.236 Chinese service rifle QBZ-95
6 mm PPC 1975 USA R 6.17×38.5mm 3212[7] 1660[6] 1.034 31.7[7] 0.243[8] Benchrest cartridge - "the most accurate round ever developed."[7] .22 PPC case necked up to 6mm.
6mm Remington 1963[2] USA[6] 4[3][4][5][9] R[3] 6.18×56.72mm[6] 3235[3] 2207[3] 1.364 54.5[8] 0.243[8] Same cartridge as .244 Remington and interchangeable. Rifles marked .244 Remington may not stabilize heaviest 6mm Remington bullets.[2] BC=0.405[10]
6.5mm Creedmoor 2012[6] USA[6] 2[3][4] R[3] 6.72×48.77mm[6] 3050[3] 2493[3] 1.635 47.0[8] 0.264[8] BC=0.585[10]
6.5 Grendel 2003 USA 1[3] R 6.5×39mm 2620[3] 1875[3] 1.431 32.0[8] 0.264[8] Developed by Alexander Arms as a "low recoil, high accuracy, long-range cartridge for the AR-15 platform."
6.5 mm JDJ 1978 USA R 6.5mm 2714[2] 1635[2] 1.205 38.5[2] 0.264[2] .225 Winchester case necked up to 6.5mm and then blown out.
6.5×50mmSR Arisaka 1897 Japan 1[1] R 6.5×50SR 2717[8] 42[8] 0.264[8] aka 6.5×50mm Japanese. Used in Arisaka Japanese service rifles.
6.5×52mm Mannlicher-Carcano 1891 Italy 1[1] R 6.80×52mm 2414[8] 1818[6] 1.506 43[8] 0.264[8]
6.5×53mmR 1892 Austria-Hungary R 6.5×53mmR 2650[2] 2360[2] 1.781 38[2] 0.263[2] Romanian and Dutch service rifles
6.5×55mm 1895 Union of Sweden
and Norway
5[11][3][4][5][1] R 6.5×55mm 2735[3] 2325[3] 1.7 52[8] 0.264[8] aka 6.5×55 Swedish Mauser.[1] BC=0.510.[12]
6.5×58mm Vergueiro 1904 Portugal R 6.5×58mm 2775[2] 2372[2] 1.71 46[2] 0.264[2] Portuguese service rifle 1904-1939
6.5×68mm 1939 Germany 1[11] R 6.5×68mm 3700[2] 2983[6] 1.612 73[2] 0.265[2] aka 6.5×68mm Schuler
6.8 mm Remington SPC 2003 USA 3[3][5][9] R 6.8×43mm 2570[3] 1613[3] 1.255 31.0[8] 0.277[8] Developed by Remington with members of 5th Special Forces Group.
7mm-08 Remington 1980 USA 5[3][4][5][9][1] R 7.2×51.7mm 2950[3] 2686[3] 1.821 50.4[8] 0.284[8] .308 Winchester case necked down to 7mm.
7mm BR Remington 1978[2] USA R 7.21×55.6mm[2] 2425[13] 1525[2] 1.258 34[2] 0.284[2] 6mm BR necked up to 7mm.[2]
7mm Remington Magnum 1962 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R 7.2×64mm 3240[3] 3302[3] 2.038 80.0[8] 0.284[8] BC=0.652.[12]
7mm Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum 2004[6] USA[6] 1[9] R[8] 7.23×51.69mm[6] 3175[9] 3221[9] 2.029 68.0[8] 0.284[8] BC=0.414[9]
7mm Remington Ultra Magnum 2002[6] USA[6] 1[9] R[8] 7.23×72.39mm[6] 3425[9] 3682[9] 2.15 107.0[8] 0.284[8] BC=0.533[9]
7mm STW 2000[6] USA[6] 2[5][9] R[8] 7.23×72.39mm[6] 3325[9] 3436[9] 2.067 91.0[8] 0.284[8] Belted.[6] BC=0.390[9]
7mm Weatherby Magnum 1944[2] USA[6] 2[3][5] R[3] 7.22×64.74mm[6] 3300[3] 3501[3] 2.122 81.8[8] 0.284[8] Belted. BC=0.525[10]
7mm WSM 2002 USA 2[4][5] R 7.2×53.3mm 3647[8] 3562[6] 1.953 73.0[8] 0.284[8] Winchester Short Magnum
7×57mm Mauser 1892 Germany 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R 7×57mm 2740[3] 2351[3] 1.716 52.6[2] 0.284[2] aka 7mm Mauser
7×64mm 1917[2] Germany[6] 3[11][9][1] R[2] 7.25×64.00mm[6] 2950[9] 2705[9] 1.834 57.6[1] 0.284[2] aka 7×64mm Brenneke.[2] BC=0.450[1]
7.35×51mm Carcano 1938 Italy R 7.35×51mm 2550[2] 2175 1.706 41[2] 0.298[2] aka 7.35mm Italian Carcano
7.5×55mm Swiss 1889[2] Switzerland 1[1] R 7.5×55mm 2839[8] 2924[6] 2.06 52.0[8] 0.308[8] a.k.a GP-11, 7.5×55mm Schmidt Rubin.
7.5×57mm MAS 1924 France R 7.8×57mm 2800[2] 2397[6] 1.712 54[2] 0.308[2] a.k.a 7.5×54mm French.[2] Used in fusil-mitrailleur mle 1924.
7.62×38mmR 1895 Russia H 7.62×38mmR 1100[2] 290[2] 0.527 3[2] 0.295[2] a.k.a 7.62mm Nagant.
7.62×39mm 1943 USSR 4[3][4][5][9] R 7.62×39mm 2360[3] 1521[3] 1.289 31.5[8] 0.312[8] Intermediate cartridge concept, following 7.92×33mm Kurz and preceding 5.56×45mm NATO. SKS and AK-47 USSR service rifles.
7.62×51mm NATO 1950 Belgium/USA 2[4][5] R 7.62×51mm 3165[3] 2997[3] 1.894 54.0[8] 0.308[8] NATO (1953), T65. Current NATO service including M14 rifle, Heckler & Koch G3, FN FAL. Very similar to .308 Win.
7.62×54mmR 1891 Russia 3[3][4][1] R 7.62×54mm 2894[1] 2713[3] 1.875 52.6[1] 0.308[1] BC=0.462.[1] Designed for the Mosin-Nagant Russian service rifle. Oldest cartridge still in official military use, used in SVD Dragunov with Russia and the PSL rifles with many other countries.
7.63×25mm Mauser 1893 Germany H 7.62×25mm 1410[2] 375[2] 0.532 6[2] 0.308[2] aka 30 Mauser.[2] Based on 7.65×25mm Borchardt. Most famous for use in Mauser C96 pistol. Basis for 7.62×25mm Tokarev round.
7.65×21mm Parabellum 1900 Germany 1[4] H 7.65×21mm 1085[8] 325[2] 0.599 4.2[8] 0.309[8] a.k.a 7,65 Parabellum, 7.65mm Luger, .30 Parabellum and (wrongly) .30 Luger.
7.7×58mm Arisaka 1939 Japan 1[1] R 7.7×58mm 2529[8] 2510[2] 1.985 55.0[8] 0.311[8] aka 7.7×58mm Japanese Arisaka or 31 Jap[2]
7.92mm DS 1934 Poland R 7.92×107mm Used for kbk ppanc wz.35 anti-tank rifle.
7.92×33mm Kurz 1938 Germany R 7.92×33mm 2247[2] 1305[6] 1.162 23[2] 0.323[2] First assault rifle round, used in MKb 42.
7.92×57mm Mauser 1888 Germany 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R 7.92×57mm 3208[8] 3171[6] 1.977 57[8] 0.323[8] a.k.a 8×57mm Mauser, 8mm Mauser and 8 × 57 JS (or JRS for the rimmed version).[1]
8mm Lebel 1886 France R 8×50mmR 2640[2] 2212[6] 1.676 49[2] 0.323[2] a.k.a 8×50mmR French. Adapted from the 11mm Gras. The first smokeless powder cartridge for military use, started the small-bore smokeless revolution.
8mm Remington Magnum 1978[2] USA[6] 1[9] R[8] 8.22×72.39mm[6] 2900[9] 3734[9] 2.575 92.0[8] 0.323[8] Belted.[6] BC=0.332[9]
8×53Rmm Murata 1880 Japan R 8×53mmR 1850[2] 1810[2] 1.957 47.4[14] 0.329[2] 11×60mm Murata case necked down to 8mm.
8×58mmR 1889 Denmark R 8×58mmR 2500[3] 2720[3] 2.176 54.5[2] 0.322[2] aka 8×58mmR Danish Krag.[2] Danish service rifle 1889-1945
8×68mm S 1939 Germany 2[11][1] R 8×68mm 3500[2] 3958[2] 2.262 81[2] 0.323[2] aka 8×68Smm Magnum.[2]
9mm Mars 1900 UK H 9.14×36.23mm 1400 675 0.964 0.360 Bottle necked cartridge for the Webley-Mars Automatic Pistol.
9×19mm Parabellum 1902 Germany 4[3][4][5][9] H 9×19mm 1155[3] 342[3] 0.592 8.2[8] 0.355[8] a.k.a 9mm Parabellum, 9mm Para, or (incorrectly) 9mm Luger. BC=0.212[10]
9×57mm Mauser 1890s Germany R 9.06×56.8mm 2423[2] 2692[6] 2.222 46[2] 0.356[2] Also available in a rimmed version.[2]
9.3×62mm 1905 Germany 4[11][3][9][1] R 9.3×62mm 2360[3] 3537[3] 2.997 67[8] 0.366[8] Designed by Otto Bock for use in magazine rifles, e.g. Mauser 98, for African game.
10mm Auto 1983 Sweden 4[3][4][5][9] H 10×25.2mm 1551[8] 680[2] 0.877 11.2[8] 0.400[8] BC=0.164[10]
11mm Gras 1874 France R 11×59mmR 1493[2] 1903[2] 2.549 78[2] 0.445[2] The first French brass cartridge for military use. Blackpowder.[2] Replaced by 8mm Lebel.[2]
11×60mm Mauser 1871 Germany R 11×60mmR 1430[2] 2013[6] 2.815 77[2] 0.446[2] The first black powder cartridge adopted in large numbers by the unified German Army, it was used in the 1871 and 1871/84 rifles.
11×60mm Murata 1880 Japan R 11×60mmR 1487[2] 263[2] 0.354 77 0.432[2] The first black powder cartridge adopted in large numbers by the Japanese Army, it was used in the Murata rifle, a hybrid of French Gras and German Mausers 1871 and 1871/84 rifles.
.17 Hornet 1950s[2] USA 1[3] R[8] 4.37×35.31mmR[2] 3629[8] 705[2] 0.389 13.2[8] 0.172[8] Necked-down .22 Hornet.[2] Watch out for differences between older .17 Ackley Hornet and current .17 Hornady Hornet. No CIP or SAAMI specs found.
.17 HM2 2004 USA 1[3] R[10] 4.4×18.1mm 2100[3] 166[3] 0.158 0.172 Rimfire. BC=0.125[10]
.17 HMR 2002 USA 4[3][4][15][5] R[10] 4.5×26.9mm 2525[3] 246[3] 0.195 0.179 Rimfire. BC=0.125[10]
.17 Remington 1971 USA 2[9][1] R 4.4×45.6mm 4123[16] 952[6] 0.462 27[16] 0.172[8] BC=0.151[9]
.17 Remington Fireball 2007 USA 1[9] R 4.4×36.1mm 4037[8] 723[6] 0.358 20.5[8] 0.172[8] High-performance approx 4,000 ft/s (1,200 m/s) in a small case.
.17 WSM 2012 USA 1[4] R 4.4×31mm 3000[4] 400[4] 0.267 0.172[4] Rimfire. BC=0.230[4]
.204 Ruger 2004 USA 5[3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 5.2×47mm 4456[8] 1351[3] 0.614 31.5[8] 0.204[8] Varmint round. BC=0.275[10]
.218 Bee 1938 USA 1[4] R 5.7×34.2mmR 3545[8] 822[6] 0.464 14.9[8] 0.224[8] Rimmed.
.22 BR Remington 1963[2] USA R[2] 5.69×38.15mm[2] 3617[17] 1590[2] 0.879 32.8[2] 0.224[2] Wildcat.[2]
.22 Hornet 1930 USA 4[11][3][4][5][9] R[10] 5.7×35.6mmR 3070[3] 732[3] 0.477 13.0[8] 0.224[8] First centerfire cartridge widely adapted for varmint hunting.
.22 Long Rifle 1887[2] USA[2] 5[11][4][15][5][1] R 5.7×15.6mmR 1750 204 0.233 5[2] 0.223 Rimfire. Most common cartridge in the world (by units sold). Blackpowder propellant charge listed - smokeless likely lower.
.22 PPC 1974 USA R 5.7×38.5mm 3684[8] 1427[6] 0.775 32.0[8] 0.224[8] 1,935 joules (1,427 ft·lb)
.22 Short 1857[2] USA[2] 2[11][4] H[2] 5.6×11mmR 1164 87 0.149 4[2] 0.222 Rimfire. Oldest commercial cartridge being loaded today. Blackpowder propellant charge listed - smokeless likely lower.
.22 WMR 1959 USA 5[11][3][4][15][5] R 5.7×26.8mmR 2200[3] 322[3] 0.293 0.224 Rimfire. BC=0.095[10]
.22-250 Remington 1965 USA 5[3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 5.7×48.6mm 4545[12] 1776[3] 0.798 43.0[8] 0.224[8] Varminter. BC=0.264[10]
.220 Swift 1935 USA 5[3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 5.7×56.0mm 4423[12] 1727[3] 0.897 46.0[8] 0.224[8] BC=0.264[10]
.221 Remington Fireball 1963[2] USA 1[9] H[2] 5.7×35.6mm 3791[8] 780[2] 0.412 22.0[8] 0.224[8] Handgun round adapted from 222 Remington.[2]
.222 Remington 1950 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 5.7×43.2mm 3760[3] 1099[3] 0.585 26.2[8] 0.224[8] BC=0.242[10]
.223 Remington 1955 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 5.56×45mm 4000[3] 1243[3] 0.622 29.5[8] 0.224[8] Lengthened .222 Remington. Similar but not interchangeable with 5.56NATO. BC=0.395[10]
.223 WSSM 2003 USA 1[4] R 5.7×42.4mm 4568[12] 1918[6] 0.849 50.5[8] 0.224[8] Winchester Super Short Magnum
.224 Boz 1997 UK H 5.56×23mm 10mm Auto case necked down to 5.56mm.
.224 Weatherby Magnum 1963[2] USA[6] R[8] 5.70×48.84mm[6] 3865[8] 1704[6] 0.882 36.5[8] 0.224[8] Smallest belted magnum case available commercially.[2]
.225 Winchester 1964 USA 1[4] R 5.7×49.0mmSR 3650[18] 1621 0.888 37.0[18] 0.224 Semi-rimmed.
.240 Weatherby Magnum 1968[2] USA[6] R[8] 6.18×63.50mm[6] 3817[8] 2633[6] 1.38 59.0[8] 0.243[8] Belted.[6]
.243 Winchester 1955 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 6.2×51.9mm 3925[3] 2140[3] 1.09 51.0[8] 0.243[8] .308 Winchester case necked down to 6mm. BC=0.405[10]
.243 WSSM 2003 USA 1[4] R 6.2×42.4mm 4068[8] 2323[6] 1.142 54.0[8] 0.243[8] Winchester Super Short Magnum
.25 ACP 1906 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[2] 6.4×15.6mmR 970[8] 73[2] 0.151 1.8[8] 0.251[8] Handgun round, popular for small size and weight.[2] BC=0.072[10]
.25 WSSM 2004 USA 1[4] R 6.5×42.4mm 3762[8] 2581[6] 1.372 52.0[8] 0.257[8] Winchester Super Short Magnum
.25-06 Remington 1969[2] USA[6] 4[3][4][5][9] R[3] 6.54×63.35mm[6] 3350[3] 2513[3] 1.5 62.0[8] 0.257[8] Necked-down 30-06.[2] BC=0.391[10]
.25-20 Winchester 1895 USA 2[4][9] R 6.6×32.8mmR 2101[8] 675[2] 0.643 15[8] 0.257[8] .32-20 Winchester case necked down.
.250-3000 Savage 1915 USA 1[9] R 6.6×48.6mm 3341[8] 2138[6] 1.28 40.5[8] 0.257[8]
.256 Winchester Magnum 1962 USA H 6.5×32.5mmR 2386[8] 705[2] 0.591 18.0[8] 0.257[8] .357 Magnum case necked down to .257". aka 256 Winchester.[8] Obsolete handgun and lever action round.[2]
.257 Roberts 1934[2] USA[6] 4[3][4][5][9] R[3] 6.55×56.72mm[6] 2946[3] 2255[3] 1.531 54.0[8] 0.257[8] BC=0.391[10]
.257 Weatherby Magnum 1944[2] USA[6] 1[3] R[3] 6.54×64.74mm[6] 3550[3] 2708[3] 1.526 80.0[8] 0.257[8] Belted. BC=0.390[10]
.260 Remington 1998[6] USA[6] 2[5][9] R[8] 6.72×51.69mm[6] 3313[8] 2043[6] 1.233 51.0[8] 0.264[8]
.264 Winchester Magnum 1958[2] USA[6] 2[4][9] R[8] 6.73×63.50mm[6] 3863[8] 3020[6] 1.564 78.0[8] 0.264[8] Belted.[6] BC=0.561.[12]
.270 Weatherby Magnum 1943[2] USA[6] 1[5] R[8] 7.04×64.74mm[6] 3647[8] 3639[6] 1.996 81.0[8] 0.277[8] Belted.[6] First of Weatherby's line of necked-down 300 H&H-based magnums.[2]
.270 Winchester 1925 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 7.0×64.5mm 3200[3] 2968[3] 1.855 64.0[8] 0.277[8] BC=0.495[10]
.270 WSM 2002 USA 5[11][4][5][9][1] R 7.0×53.3mm 3789[8] 3485[6] 1.84 73.0[8] 0.277[8] BC=0.625.[12]Winchester Short Magnum
.280 Ackley Improved 2007 USA R[8] 7.23×64.14mm[19] 3271[8] 3084[12] 1.886 66.0[8] 0.284[8] Former wildcat now registered by Nosler with SAAMI.
.280 British 1946[14] UK R 7.2×43mm 28.5[14] 0.283[2] a.k.a 7mm FN Short. Intermediate round adopted in 1951.
.280 Remington 1957 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 7.2×64.5mm 3433[8] 2899[6] 1.689 64.0[8] 0.284[8] .30-06 Springfield case necked down to 7mm. BC=0.486[10]
.30 Carbine 1940 USA 4[3][4][5][9] R 7.62×33mm 2000[3] 977[3] 0.977 16.0[8] 0.308[8] M1 Carbine US service rifle
.30 Remington AR 2008 USA 1[15] R[8] 7.849×38.86mm[19] 3076[8] 2208[15] 1.436 40.0[8] 0.308[8] Billed as "The worlds only 30-caliber big-game cartridge for the light weight AR-15 platform."[15]
.30 Herrett 1973 USA H[2] 7.8mm 2270[2] 1470[2] 1.295 27.0[2] 0.308[2] Wildcat handgun cartridge, based on a shortened .30-30 Winchester.[2]
.30-06 Springfield 1906 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 7.62×63mm 3080[3] 3178[3] 2.064 62.5[8] 0.308[8] M1 Garand US service rifle. BC=0.480[10]
.30-30 Winchester 1895 USA 4[3][4][5][9] R[10] 7.8×51.8mmR 2500[3] 2046[3] 1.637 39[8] 0.308[8] a.k.a. .30 Winchester Centerfire and .30 WCF. First smokeless cartridge designed for big game hunting. BC=0.330[10]
.30-40 Krag 1892 USA 2[4][9] R 7.8×58.8mmR 2898[8] 2766[6] 1.909 51[8] 0.308[8] Rimmed cartridge.
.30-378 Weatherby Magnum 1959 USA[6] R[8] 7.83×73.99mm[6] 3690[8] 4956[6] 2.686 123.5[8] 0.308[8] Belted. Necked-down 378 Weatherby Magnum, developed for 1000-yard performance. Was military-only from 1959 to 1996.
300 AAC Blackout 2011 USA 1[5] R 7.62×35mm 2388[8] 20.0[8] 0.308[8] Developed for suppressed CQB as a sub sonic round. Supersonic is also available.
.300 H&H Magnum 1925[2] UK[6] 2[3][5] R[8] 7.82×72.39mm[6] 3394[8] 3485[6] 2.054 81.0[8] 0.308[8] Belted. aka 300 H&H Super aka Holland's Super 30.[2]
.300 Remington SA Ultra Mag 2002[6] USA[6] 1[9] R[8] 7.85×51.18mm[6] 3663[8] 3761[6] 2.054 69.0[8] 0.308[8] Beltless, rebated rim. Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum.
.300 Remington Ultra Magnum 1998[6] USA[6] 2[5][9] R[8] 7.85×72.39mm[6] 3638[8] 4414[6] 2.427 107.0[8] 0.308[8] Beltless, rebated rim. BC=0.730.[12] Fastest cartridge for Nosler's 210-grain AccuBond Long-Range G1=0.730 0.308" bullet.[12]
.300 Ruger Compact Magnum 2007 USA 1[3] R[10] 7.62×53mm 3310[3] 3716[3] 2.245 67.5[8] 0.308[8] Based on .375 Ruger case. BC=0.480[10]
.300 Savage 1920 USA 4[3][4][5][9] R[10] 7.8×47.5mm 2740[3] 2500[3] 1.825 45.2[8] 0.308[8] BC=0.370[10]
.300 Weatherby Magnum 1944[2] USA 3[3][5][9] R[3] 7.8×71.8mm 3375[3] 3890[3] 2.305 90.0[8] 0.308[8] BC=0.447[10]
.300 Whisper 2009[6] USA[6] 1[3] R[3] 7.84×34.90mm[6] 1020[3] 480[3] 0.941 12.0[2] 0.308[8] Designed for quiet, accurate, subsonic applications. Year is for homologation by CIP - earlier proprietary and wildcat versions existed. BC=0.648[10]
.300 Winchester Magnum 1963 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 7.8×67mm 3709[8] 3893[3] 2.29 88.0[8] 0.308[8] BC=0.730[12]
.300 WSM 2001 USA 5[11][4][5][9][1] R 7.8×53.5mm 3697[8] 3872[6] 2.095 74.5[8] 0.308[8] Winchester Short Magnum
.303 British 1889 UK 4[3][4][9][5] R[10] 7.7×56mmR 2685[3] 2401[3] 1.788 54[8] 0.311[8] Former British Service rifle Lee-Enfield. BC=0.361[10]
.307 Winchester 1982 USA 1[4] R 7.8×51mmR 3000[8] 2083[6] 1.389 53.0[8] 0.308[8] Rimmed version of the .308 Winchester, for use in lever-action rifles.
.308 Marlin Express 2006 USA 1[3] R[10] 7.62×48mm 2800[3] 2514[3] 1.796 47.7[8] 0.308[8] Based upon a slightly shortened .308 Winchester cases with FTX bullets and special powder to approach .308 ballistics from a Marlin lever action rifle. BC=0.395[10]
.308 Norma Magnum 1960[2] Sweden[6] 1[1] R[8] 7.85×65.00mm[6] 3687[8] 3640[6] 1.975 84.0[8] 0.308[8] Belted. European cartridge designed for the US market.[2]
.308 Winchester 1955 USA 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 7.62×51mm 3165[3] 2997[3] 1.894 54.50[8] 0.308[8] Civilian 7.62mm NATO. BC=0.530[10]
.32 ACP 1899 Belgium 4[3][4][5][9] H[2] 7.65×17mm 937[8] 129[2] 0.275 3[8] 0.312[8] .32 Automatic Colt Pistol. a.k.a .7.65mm Browning. BC=0.090[10]
.32 H&R Magnum 1984 USA 2[3][5] H 7.9×27.3mmR 1150[3] 235[3] 0.409 12.0[8] 0.314[8] Lengthened .32 S&W Long.
.32 NAA 2002 USA 1[3] H 7.95×17.3mm 1000[3] 178[3] 0.356 5.4[8] 0.311[8] North American Arms
.32 rimfire 1861 USA H a.k.a .32 Short and .32 Long. Introduced in Smith & Wesson's Model 2 revolver.
.32 S&W 1878 USA 2[4][9] H[2] 7.9×15mmR 595[8] 115[2] 0.387 1.4[8] 0.314[8]
.32 S&W Long 1896 USA 3[4][5][9] H[2] 7.9×23.4mmR 865[8] 132[2] 0.305 3[8] 0.314[8] Lengthened .32 S&W case.
.32 Winchester Self-Loading 1905 USA R[2] 8.2×31mmR 1440[2] 775[2] 1.076 12.5[2] 0.320[2] a.k.a .32 WSL or .32 SL. Obsolete.[2] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1905 rifle.
.32 Winchester Special 1895[2] USA[6] 4[3][4][5][9] R[8] 8.18×51.82mmR[6] 2359[8] 1748[6] 1.482 38.5[8] 0.321[8] Lever action, rimmed. Developed for the Winchester Model 1894.[2]
.32-20 Winchester 1882 USA 2[4][9] R 7.94×33.4mmR 1031[8] 1151[6] 2.233 7.5[8] 0.312[8]
.325 WSM 2005 USA 1[4] R 8.2×53.3mm 3360[8] 3762[6] 2.239 75.0[8] 0.323[8] Winchester Short Magnum
.327 Federal Magnum 2008 USA 1[5] H 7.9×30mmR 1600[8] 0.312[8]
.338 Federal 2007[6] USA[6] 1[5] R[8] 8.61×51.18mm[6] 2937[8] 3061[6] 2.084 52.0[8] 0.338[8] Necked up .308 Win. BC=0.41[5]
.338 Lapua Magnum 1983 Finland 3[3][4][5] R[10] 8.6×70mm 2900[3] 4768[3] 3.288 106.0[8] 0.338[8] Designed for military sniper rifles. BC=0.700[10]
.338 Marlin Express 2010[6] USA[6] 1[3] R[8] 8.60×48.01mmR[6] 2565[3] 2922[3] 2.278 49.3[8] 0.338[8] Rimmed lever action cartridge designed for the Marlin Model 336. BC=0.430[10]
.338 Remington Ultra Magnum 2000[6] USA[6] 2[5][9] R[8] 8.60×70.1mm[6] 3332[8] 4492[6] 2.696 104.0[8] 0.338[8] Beltless, rebated rim cartridge based on the .300 Remington Ultra Magnum.
.338 Ruger Compact Magnum 2007 USA 1[3] R[10] 8.6×51.2mm 2980[3] 3865[3] 2.594 63.0[8] 0.338[8] Based on .375 Ruger case. BC=0.515[10]
.338 Winchester Magnum 1958[2] USA[6] 5[3][4][5][9][1] R[8] 8.61×63.50mmR[6] 3080[3] 4077[3] 2.647 78.0[8] 0.338[8] Belted.[6] BC=0.515[10]
.348 Winchester 1936 USA 1[4] R 8.8×57.3mmR 2630[8] 2685[6] 2.042 70.0[8] 0.348[8] One of the most powerful rimmed cartridges ever used in a lever rifle.
.35 Remington 1906 USA 4[3][4][5][9] R[10] 9.1×49mm 2302[8] 1958[6] 1.701 45.0[8] 0.358[8] Lever action. BC=0.300[10]
.35 Whelen 1922 USA 4[3][5][9][1] R[10] 9.1×63mm 2891[8] 3363[6] 2.327 65.0[8] 0.358[8] Necked up .30-06. BC=0.282[10]
.35 Winchester Self-Loading 1905 USA R[2] 8.9×29.3mmR 1452[2] 848[6] 1.168 13.5[2] 0.351[2] a.k.a .35 WSL or .35 SL. Obsolete.[2] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1905 rifle.
.350 Remington Magnum 1965[2] USA[6] 1[9] R[8] 9.12×55.12mm[6] 2775[9] 3419[9] 2.464 64.5[8] 0.358[8] Belted.[6] BC=0.293[9]
.351 Winchester Self-Loading 1906 USA R[2] 8.9×34.9mmR 1850[2] 981[6] 1.061 19.5[2] 0.351[2] a.k.a .351 WSL or .351 SL. Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1907 rifle.
.357 Magnum 1935 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H 9.1×33mR 1500[3] 624[3] 0.832 23.0[8] 0.357[8] Lengthened .38 Special. BC=0.206[10]
.357 SIG 1994 Germany/USA 4[3][4][5][9] H 9.02×21.97mm 1350[3] 502[3] 0.744 10.8[8] 0.355[8] BC=0.212[10]
.358 Winchester 1955[2] USA[6] 2[3][4] R[8] 9.11×51.18mm[6] 2475[3] 2720[3] 2.198 52.0[8] 0.368[8] BC=0.282[10]
.375 Holland & Holland Magnum 1912 UK 6[11][3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 9.5×72.4mm 2800[3] 4700[3] 3.357 87[8] 0.375[8] The rimmed .375 H&H Flanged Magnum for double-guns and the .375 H&H Belted Rimless Magnum with a headspacing belt for magazine-fed rifles were released simultaneously in 1912. BC=0.430[10]
.375 Ruger 2007 USA 1[3] R[10] 9.5×65.5mm 2840[3] 4835[3] 3.405 90.5[8] 0.375[8] Developed in collaboration between Ruger and Hornady.[citation needed] BC=0.430[10]
.375 RUM 2002 USA 1[9] R 9.5×72.4mm 3293[8] 5421[6] 3.292 105.0[8] 0.375[8] A beltless, rebated rim cartridge developed by Remington Arms by necking up the .300 Remington Ultra Magnum case.
.375 Weatherby Magnum 1945[2] USA R[2] 9.5×72.6mm 3110[8] 5223[2] 3.359 99.0[8] 0.375[8] Belted magnum based on the .375 H&H, blown out and reshouldered.[2]
.380 ACP 1912 Belgium 4[3][4][5][9] H 9×17mm 1000[3] 200[3] 0.4 4.3[8] 0.355[8] a.k.a .380 Auto, 9mm Browning Short
.38 Long Colt 1877 USA H[2] 9.2×26.2mmR 777[8] 195[2] 0.502 3.7[8] 0.358[8] a.k.a .38 LC. Obsolete.[2]
.38 S&W 1877 USA 2[4][9] H[2] 9.2×19.7mmR 675[8] 176[2] 0.521 2.6[8] 0.358[8] 4th or 5th oldest commercial cartridge being loaded today.
.38 Special 1902 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H 9.1×29.3mmR 1090[3] 290[3] 0.532 6.8[8] 0.357[8] BC=0.206[10]
.38 Super 1929 USA 3[4][5][9] H[2] 9.04×22.86mmR 1300[2] 500[2] 0.769 5.4[2] 0.356[2] a.k.a .38 Super and .38 Colt Auto.
.38-40 Winchester 1874[2] USA[6] 1[4] R[4] 10.17×33.15mmR[6] 1160[4] 538[4] 0.928 19.5[2] 0.401[8] BC=0.172[4] aka 38-40 WCF. Crossover rifle/handgun cartridge.[2]
.38-55 Winchester 1884 USA 1[4] R 9.59×53.0mmR 1853[2] 1165[6] 1.257 35.0[2] 0.379[2]
.40 S&W 1990 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H 10.2×21.6mm 1180[3] 479[3] 0.812 11.5[8] 0.400[8] BC=0.164[10]
.400 Corbon 1997 USA H .45 ACP case necked down to .40 caliber.
.400 H&H Magnum 2003 UK R 10.4×72.3mm 5015[6] Belted magnum.[6]
.401 Winchester Self-Loading 1910 USA R[2] 10.31×38mmR 2135[2] 1958[6] 1.834 29.0[2] 0.406[2] Rimmed.[6] a.k.a .401 WSL or .401 SL. Obsolete.[2] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1910 and the Belgian Clement-Neumann rifle.
.404 Jeffery 1909[2] UK[6] 3[3][1][11] R[2] 10.72×73.02mm[6] 2600[2] 4700[2] 3.615 96.4[1] 0.423[2] aka 404 Rimless Nitro Express.[6] BC=0.358[1]
.408 Cheyenne Tactical 2001 USA R 10.4×77mm 7744[6] Used in Cheyenne Tactical's M200 Intervention, and M310 rifles.
.41 Action Express 1986 USA H[2] 10.4×22.0mm 1114[8] 457[2] 0.82 8.4[8] 0.410[8]
.41 Remington Magnum 1964 USA 3[4][5][9] H[2] 10.4×32.8mmR 1887[8] 788[2] 0.835 26.5[8] 0.410[8]
.416 Barrett 2006 USA R 10.6×83mm 3150 8764 5.564 200 0.416 Designed as an alternative to the .50 BMG for sniper rifles.
.416 Remington Magnum 1988 USA 5[3][4][5][9][1] R[10] 10.6×72.4mm 2400[3] 5116[3] 4.263 90.0[8] 0.416[8] BC=0.367[9]
.416 Rigby 1911 UK 4[3][4][5][1] R[10] 10.6×74mm 2415[3] 5180[3] 4.29 116.0[8] 0.416[8] Later used parent cartridge of the .338 Lapua Magnum. BC=0.319[10]
.42 Berdan 1868 Russia R 10.75×58mmR[2] 1450[2] 1724[2] 2.378 77[2] 0.430[2] Blackpowder Russian service rifle.[2] a.k.a 4.2 Line Berdan. Designed by American inventor/soldier Hiram Berdan, adopted by Russia in trapdoor 1868 and turnbolt 1870 Berdan Rifles.
.44 AMP 1971 USA H 1485[8] 1600[2] 2.155 27.0[8] 0.429[8] a.k.a .44 Auto Mag Pistol.
.44 Henry 1860[2] USA R 11×23mmR 1125 568 1.01 28[2] 0.423[14] a.k.a .44 Rimfire, .44 Long Rimfire, or 11×23mmR. Obsolete blackpowder cartridge.[2]
.44 Magnum 1955 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[10] 10.9×32.6mmR 1550[3] 999[3] 1.289 31.5[8] 0.430[8] a.k.a .44 Remington Magnum. Lengthened .44 Special. Crossover rifle/handgun cartridge.[9][5] BC=0.245[10]
.44 S&W American 1869[2] USA H[2] 11.0×29mmR 765[2] 259[2] 0.677 5.5[2] 0.434[2] Obsolete blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[2]
.44 Special 1907[2] USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[2] 10.9×29mmR 1000[3] 400[3] 0.8 15.0[8] 0.430[8] BC=0.138[10]
.44-40 Winchester 1873[2] USA 2[4][9] H[2] 10.8×33.3mmR 1117[8] 656[6] 1.175 7.3[8] 0.428[8] First developed for lever-action, later used in revolver.[2] BC=0.123[10]
.444 Marlin 1964 USA 2[3][9] R[10] 10.9×57.2mmR 2400[3] 3389[3] 2.824 56.0[8] 0.429[8] Lengthened .44 Magnum case, but a lever-action rifle cartridge. BC=0.225[10]
.45 ACP 1905 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[10] 11.43×23mm 850[3] 369[3] 0.868 10[8] 0.451[8] Automatic Colt Pistol, first self-loading U.S. Army pistol round. BC=0.188[10]
.45 Colt 1873 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[10] 11.58×32mm 960[3] 460[3] 0.958 13[8] 0.452[8] a.k.a .45 Long Colt or .45 LC. Used in both handgun and rifle. BC=0.140[10]
.45 GAP 2003 Austria 3[4][5][9] H 11.5×19.2mm 1152[8] 9.0[8] 0.451[8] Glock Automatic Pistol.
.45 Magnum 1979[2] USA 1[4] H[2] 11.5×30.4mm 1472[8] 1406[2] 1.91 18.0[8] 0.451[8] a.k.a .45 Winchester Magnum. Lengthened and strengthened .45 ACP.
.45-70 1873 USA 4[3][4][5][9] R[10] 11.6×53.5mmR 2394[8] 2518[6] 2.104 63[8] 0.458[8] a.k.a .45-70 Government. One of the oldest centerfire cartridges still in commercial production. BC=0.230[10]
.450 Adams 1868[2] UK H[2] 11.6×18mmR 700[2] 245[2] 0.7 13[2] 0.455[2] a.k.a .450 Boxer and .450 Revolver. Obsolete blackpowder handgun cartridge.[2]
.450 Marlin 2000 USA 1[3] R[10] 11.6×53mmR 2225[3] 3572[3] 3.211 59.0[8] 0.458[8] Lever action round. Shortened .458 Winchester Magnum case, designed to match .45-70 performance. BC=0.230[10]
.450 Nitro Express 1895 UK 1[3] R[10] 12.1×83mmR 2150[3] 4927[3] 4.583 157 0.458[2] J. Rigby smokeless cartridge based upon .450 Black Powder Express. BC=0.325[10]
.454 Casull 1959 USA 4[3][4][5][9] H[10] 11.5×35.1mmR 1900[3] 1924[3] 2.025 38.2[8] 0.452[8] Lengthened .45 Colt, most powerful handgun round until the 1990s. BC=0.180[10]
.455 Webley 1897[2] UK H[2] 11.5×19.6mmR 700[2] 285[2] 0.814 5.0[2] 0.455[2] Originally a blackpowder handgun cartridge.[2]
.458 Lott 1971[2] USA[6] 3[3][5][1] R[12] 11.66×71.12mm[6] 2300[3] 5873[3] 5.107 79.0[12] 0.458[12] Belted.[6] BC=0.389[12]
.458 Winchester Magnum 1956 USA 4[3][4][5][1] R[10] 11.66×64mm 2140[3] 5084[3] 4.751 81.0[8] 0.458[8] BC=0.295[10]
.46 rimfire 1870[2] USA H 11.6×21.2mmR 026[2] a.k.a .46 Short, .46 Remington Carbine. First large-caliber metallic handgun cartridge. Blackpowder.[2]
.460 S&W Magnum 2005 USA 3[3][4][5] H[10] 11.5×46mmR 2200[3] 2149[3] 1.954 48.5[8] 0.452[8] Revolver cartridge for handgun hunting. BC=0.151[10]
.460 Weatherby 1958 USA R 11.6×74mm 2808[8] 7504 5.345 128.0[8] 0.458[8] aka 460 Weatherby Magnum
.465 H&H Magnum 2003 UK R 11.9×73.5mm 6121[6] 134 0.468 Belted magnum.[6]
.470 Nitro Express 1907 UK 3[3][5][1] R[10] 12.1×83mmR 1885[3] 5132[3] 5.445 125[8] 0.475[8] Designed by Joseph Lang. BC=0.290[10]
.476 Enfield 1881[2] UK H[2] 11.6m×22mR 5.5[2] 0.472[2] a.k.a .476 Eley. Blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[2]
.480 Ruger 2001 USA 2[3][5] H[10] 12.1×32.6mmR 1539[8] 1315 1.709 26.5[8] 0.475[8] Shortened .475 Linebaugh case. BC=0.150[10]
.50 Action Express 1988 USA 2[3][5] H[10] 12.7×32.6mm 1475[3] 1449[3] 1.965 32.5[8] 0.500[8] For IMI Desert Eagle handgun. BC=0.120[10]
.50 BMG 1921 USA 1[3] R[10] 12.7×99mm 2815[3] 13196[3] 9.375 265[8] 0.510[8] Used in Heavy Machine Guns and anti-materiel rifles. BC=1.050[10]
.50 Remington 1867[2] USA H[2] 750[2] 330[2] 0.88 7.0[2] 0.508[2] a.k.a 50 Remington Pistol Navy Model 1867 and 50 Remington (M71 Army). Rimmed case 0.875" in length. Obsolete blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[2]
.50-90 Sharps 1872[2] USA R[2] 13.0×64mmR 1652[2] 2210[2] 2.676 37.0[2] 0.509[2] The mainstay of the American bison (buffalo) hunter. Blackpowder/smokeless.[2]
.500 S&W Magnum 2003 USA 3[3][4][5] H[10] 12.7×57.2mmR 1950[3] 2533[3] 2.598 45.3[8] 0.500[8] One of the most powerful handgun-specific cartridges. BC=0.185[10]
.577 Snider 1867[2] UK R 14.5×51mmR 1380[2] 1689[6] 2.448 30[2] 0.570[2] The first black powder cartridge for British military use. Later loaded smokeless.[2]
.577/450 Martini-Henry 1871 UK R 11.43×61mmR 1600[2] 1870[6] 2.338 38[2] 0.455[2] Rimmed.[6] The second blackpowder (later smokeless) cartridge for British military use. Evolved from the .577 Snider case, lengthened and necked down to .45 (nominal) caliber. Used in the Martini rifles from 1871 to the present.
.600 Nitro Express 1899[2] UK R[2] 15.7×76mmR 2050[2] 7614[6] 7.428 120[2] 0.622[2] Rimmed.[6] Jeffrey, 900-grain (58 g) bullet.[2]
.700 Nitro Express 1988 UK R[2] 17.8×89mmR 2000[2] 10566[6] 10.566 0.700[2] Big game cartridge.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw "Start - Norma". Norma Precision AB Jägargatan S-670 40 ÅMOTFORS SWEDEN. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy Barnes, Frank C. (1997) [1965]. McPherson, ML, ed. Cartridges of the World (8th Edition ed.). Northbrook, IL, USA: DBI Books. ISBN 0-87349-178-5. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia "Standard Rifle Ballistics". Hornady Manufacturing Company 3625 West Old Potash Hwy Grand Island, NE 68803. 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp "Winchester 2014 Ammunition Catalog". Olin Corporation 190 Carondelet Suite 1530 Clayton, MO 63105. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce "Federal Premium Ammunition - Products". Federal Premium Ammunition 900 Ehlen Anoka, MN 55303. 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep "CIP Homologation". Commission Internationale Permanente pour L'Epreuve des Armes a Feu Portatives. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  7. ^ a b c Lyman Products Corp. (2002). Thomas J. Griffin, ed. Lyman 48th Edition Reloading Handbook. Lyman Products Corporation, 475 Smith St, Middletown, CT, 06457. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn "Hodgdon Online Reloading Data". Hodgdon Powder, P.O. BOX 2932 • SHAWNEE MISSION, KANSAS 66201. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs Justin Ellison, Jeff Simmons (2005). "Remington.com - Products - Ammunition - Ballistics". Remington Arms Company, LLC 870 Remington Drive P.O. Box 700 Madison, NC 27025-0700. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy "Metric Rifle Ballistics". Hornady Manufacturing Company 3625 West Old Potash Hwy Grand Island, NE 68803. 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "RWS Hunting Rifle Cartridges". RUAG Ammotec GmbH Kronacher Strasse 63 90765 Fürth Deutschland. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Ammunition - Nosler". Nosler Inc. 107 SW Columbia St. Bend, OR 97702. 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  13. ^ Alliant Techsystems (1996). Alliant Reloader Manual. Alliant Techsystems New River Energetics Route 114 P.O. Box 6 Radford, VA 24141-0096. 
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  15. ^ a b c d e f "Shotshells - Centerfire Ammo - Rimfire Ammo - Remington Ammunition". Remington Arms Company, LLC 870 Remington Drive P.O. Box 700 Madison, NC 27025-0700. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  16. ^ a b Hodgdon Powder (2002). Basic Reloaders Manual 2002. Hodgdon Powder, P.O. BOX 2932 • SHAWNEE MISSION, KANSAS 66201. 
  17. ^ Accurate Arms (2002). 2002 Reloaders Manual. Accurate Arms Company, Inc., McEwen, Tennessee. 
  18. ^ a b Winchester Ammunition (1999). Winchester Components Catalog. Winchester Ammunition, East Alton, Illinois 62024. 
  19. ^ a b "SAAMI". Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Inc. 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, Connecticut 06470-2539. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 

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