Hatice Halime Hatun

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Hatice Halime Hatun
Spouse Murad II
(around 1425 - 3 February 1451)
Ishak Pasha
(1451 - 1497)
Issue Küçük Şehzade Ahmed alias Yusuf Adil Shah
Şehzade Alaeddin Ali
Full name
Hatice Halime Hatun
House House of Isfendiyar (by birth)
House of Osman (by marriage)
Father Taceddin Ibrahim II Bey
Born Hatice Halime
before 1415
Devrekani, Jandarid Principality
Died after 1500
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Burial Hatice Sultan Mausoleum, Bursa
Religion Sunni Islam

Hatice Halime Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: خديجة حليمة خاتون; before 1415, Devrekani - after 1500) was the wife of Sultan Murad II.

Family[edit]

Hatice Halime Hatun was born as a Jandar princess, the daughter of Taceddin Ibrahim II Bey,[1] the eighth ruler of the Isfendiyarids. She was the granddaughter of the previous ruler, Izzeddin İsfendiyar Bey[2] and subsequently the niece of Mehmed the Conqueror's mother Hüma Hatun. She was the sister of Kemaleddin Ismail Bey and Kızıl Ahmed Bey (Ahmed the Red), the ninth and tenth rulers of the dynasty.

Marriage to Murad II[edit]

Sultan Murad II married Hatice Halime around 1425,[3] at Edirne,[4] giving in marriage two of his sisters,[5] Selçuk Hatun to Halime's father and Sultan Hatun to Halime's brother, Kıvameddin Kasım Bey. On the same occasion he also married his five other sisters, Hatice, Fatma, Hafsa, İIaldı and Şehzade Hatun as well.[6] By this dynastic union, Murad established an alliance with a powerful tribe against his most formidable enemy in Anatolia, the Karamanid Türkmen, who blocked the expansion of the Ottomans to the east. The good relations were preserved during the reign of the next sultan Mehmed II who endowed members of the dynasty with mülks in the region of Plovdiv and Didymoteicho, later transformed into waqfs.[7]

In 1525 Hatice Halime gave birth to her first son Şehzade Alaeddin Ali. When Alaeddin came of age Murad made him provincial governor of Manisa. He was transferred to Amasya after the death of his elder brother, Ahmed. In 1435 Murad married Mara Branković. In the beginning Mara was warmly accepted, and Hatice Halime who was the Sultan's favourite wife, was expelled from the court and sent to Bursa. It seems that something occurred at the Ottoman Porte between the autumn of 1435 and spring of 1436. It was during this time that Mara fell out of favour and was exiled while Hatice Halime was once again returned.[8]

In 1439 Kara Hizir Pasha was sent to Amasya after Alaeddin. Creeping into the palace at night, he strangled the prince in his bed. The prince's two sons aged six months and eighteen months were also killed and buried, first together in the Turumtay Türbe in Amasya, later probably in Bursa. Alaeddin was replaced as governor of Amasya by Mehmed Pasha, son of Lala Şahin Pasha, the conqueror of Plovdiv. The news of the sudden death of Alaeddin, said to be Murad's favourite son, filled Murad with profound grief and consternation. As a result of Alaeddin's death the eleven-year-old Mehmed in Manisa became the heir to the throne and was recalled at once to Manisa.[9][10][11] In 1450 Hatice Halime gave birth to her second son, Ahmed, nicknamed Küçük, or little,[12] to distinguish him from the late Prince Ahmed, the Sultan's first son. Thus Mehmed now had a half-brother younger than his own sons, who would be a possible rival for the throne.

Marriage to Ishak Pasha[edit]

Murad died in 1451, and his son Mehmed ascended the throne as Mehmed II. Directly after Mehmed's coronation, he went to the harem of Edirne Palace, where he received the congratulations of the all the women there, who also gave him their condolences on the death of his father. The highest-ranking of the decreased sultan's wives at the time of his death was Hatice Halime Hatun, who fifteen months before had given birth to Murad's last son, Küçük Ahmed. Succession had often been a matter of contention in the Ottoman dynasty, and had led two civil wars. So Mehmed decided that in this case he would settle the matter at once by ordering the execution of Küçük Ahmed. Hatice Halime was in the throne room imparting to the new Sultan her grief at the loss of her husband, Mehmed dispatched Ali Bey, the son of Gazi Evrenos to the Women's quarters to drown the baby.[13][14] Mehmed justified the murder of his half-brother as being an accordance with the Ottoman code of fratricide, which on several occasions had been practiced by his ancestors to prevent wars of succession. Mehmed the Conqueror later obliged Ishak Pasha, one of his father, Murad II's officials and the new beylerbeyi of Anatolia, to take Hatice Halime as his wife.[15][16][17]

Kücük Şehzade Ahmed[edit]

Some Historians claimed that Kücük Ahmed survived, because Yusuf Adil Shah was the son of Murad II. After the Sultan's death and succession to throne by the crown prince, all other sons were executed. However, Yusuf's mother Hatice Halime Hatun secretly replaced him with a slave boy and sent him to Persia. After many romantic adventures, Yusuf reached the court of the Bidar Sultanate. His bravery and personality raised him rapidly in Sultan's favor, resulting in his appointment as the Governor of Bijapur. He built the Citadel or Arkilla and the Faroukh Mahal. Yusuf was a man of culture. He invited poets and artisans from Persia, Turkey and Rome to his court. He married Punji, the sister of a Maratha warrior. When Yusuf died in 1510, Ismail, his son, was still a boy. Punji in male attire valiantly defended him from a coup to grab the throne. Ismail Adil Shah thus became the king of Bijapur.[18]

Later years and burial[edit]

Ishak Pasha died in 1497 and Halime became widow by his death. Hatice Halime Hatun is last known in the registration of an endowment in Iznik in 1500.[19][20] She was buried in the Mausoleum of Sultan Bayezid II's daughter Hatice Sultan, Bursa.[21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Runciman, p.57
  2. ^ Narodna, p.225
  3. ^ Sakaoğlu, p.40
  4. ^ Uluçay, p.31
  5. ^ Narodna, p.228
  6. ^ Sakaoğlu, p.40
  7. ^ Narodna, p.
  8. ^ Jefferson, p.105
  9. ^ Babinger, p.23
  10. ^ Thatcher, p.25-6
  11. ^ Freely
  12. ^ Thatcher, p.23
  13. ^ Babinger, p.65
  14. ^ Crowley
  15. ^ Freely
  16. ^ Thatcher, p.33
  17. ^ Babinger, p.66
  18. ^ The Bahamani Kingdom by Dr. (Mrs.) Jyotsna Kamat
  19. ^ Uluçay, p.31
  20. ^ Narodna, p.83-4
  21. ^ Uluçay, p.31

References[edit]

External links[edit]