Tacalcitol

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Tacalcitol
Tacalcitol.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(1S,3R,5Z,7E,24R)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10-triene-1,3,24-triol
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
Legal status
?
Routes Topical
Identifiers
CAS number 57333-96-7 YesY
ATC code D05AX04
PubChem CID 5283734
IUPHAR ligand 2780
ChemSpider 4446823 N
UNII C2W72OJ5ZU N
ChEMBL CHEMBL340361 N
Synonyms (1α,24R)-1,24-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
Chemical data
Formula C27H44O3 
Mol. mass 416.64
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Tacalcitol (1,24-dihydroxyvitamin D3) is a synthetic vitamin D3 analog.[1]

Tacalcitol is marketed under several names, including Curatoderm and Bonalfa.

Mechanism[edit]

Tacalcitol reduces excessive cell turnover in the epidermis by interacting with vitamin D receptors on keratinocytes.

Uses[edit]

It is usually prescribed by a general practitioner or dermatologist for the treatment of psoriasis, chronic chapped lips and other severe dry skin conditions because of its ability to reduce excessive skin cell turnover. It is available as an ointment or lotion.

It has also been used for vitiligo[2] and Hailey-Hailey disease.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fukuoka M, Sakurai K, Ohta T, Kiyoki M, Katayama I (2001). "Tacalcitol, an active vitamin D3, induces nerve growth factor production in human epidermal keratinocytes". Skin Pharmacol. Appl. Skin Physiol. 14 (4): 226–33. doi:10.1159/000056351. PMID 11464105. 
  2. ^ Leone G, Pacifico A, Iacovelli P, Paro Vidolin A, Picardo M (March 2006). "Tacalcitol and narrow-band phototherapy in patients with vitiligo". Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 31 (2): 200–5. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2005.02037.x. PMID 16487090. 
  3. ^ Aoki T, Hashimoto H, Koseki S, Hozumi Y, Kondo S (November 1998). "1alpha,24-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (tacalcitol) is effective against Hailey-Hailey disease both in vivo and in vitro". Br. J. Dermatol. 139 (5): 897–901. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2133.1998.02522.x. PMID 9892963.