Tacking Point Lighthouse

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Tacking Point Lighthouse
Tacking Point Lighthouse qtl1 cropped.jpg
Tacking Point Lighthouse, 2012
Tacking Point Lighthouse is located in New South Wales
Tacking Point Lighthouse
Location Port Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates 31°28′32″S 152°56′14″E / 31.4755°S 152.9372°E / -31.4755; 152.9372Coordinates: 31°28′32″S 152°56′14″E / 31.4755°S 152.9372°E / -31.4755; 152.9372
Year first lit 1879
Automated 1919
Deactivated No
Construction Cement-rendered bricks
Markings / pattern White tower with storeroom attached
Height 8 m (26 ft)[1]
Focal height 34 m (111 ft)
Intensity 12,800 cd
Range 16 nmi (30 km; 18 mi)
Characteristic Fl.(4)W. 20s
Admiralty number K2788
NGA number 111-6024
ARLHS number AUS-158

Tacking Point Lighthouse is Australia's third oldest lighthouse. It was built on a rocky headland about 8 kilometres south of Port Macquarie in 1879 by Shepherd and Mortley, to a design by the New South Wales Colonial Architect, James Barnet. It is operated by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority and is classified by the National Trust of Australia (NSW).

Tacking Point was named by explorer Matthew Flinders in 1802 during his 1802–1803 circumnavigation of Australia.[2] Its nearest lighthouses are Smoky Cape Lighthouse at South West Rocks, to the north, and Crowdy Head Light, to the south.

History[edit]

Original plans by James Barnet, 1878

In the mid-nineteenth century, there were few lights in the Tacking Point area and over 20 ships were wrecked. The first wrecks occurred in 1823 and were the schooner Black Joe and the steamer Sumatra.[3] Consequently, in 1879, a fixed catadioptric light of less than 1000 candelas was erected on Tacking Point. It was the fourth of five small navigational lighthouses built to a design by James Barnet.[4] The other four lighthouses were Crowdy Head Light, Fingal Head Light, Richmond River Light and Clarence River Light (now demolished).[5] Only two of these lighthouses, Tacking Point and Crowdy Head still have a storeroom attached.[5]

The lighthouse was built of cement-rendered bricks and only needed to be 8 metres high due to the elevation of the site. In 1919, the light was converted from wick oil light to automatic acetylene operation, and was demanned in 1920.[6] The light was converted to mains electricity in 1974.[4] The foundations of the keeper's cottage are still visible.

Management of the lighthouse is shared by three government authorities: the New South Wales Department of Lands owns the lighthouse; Roads and Maritime Services (formerly NSW Maritime) operates the light;[7] and the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council manages the site. Vandalism has been a problem in the early 2000s. Resolving the issue has been complicated by the split management.[8]

Tourism[edit]

Tacking Point Lighthouse viewed from Miners Beach, 2008.

The Lighthouse headland marks the end of the circa 9 km Coastal Walk from Town Beach to Lighthouse Beach being built by the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council. The lighthouse is also a popular site for whale watching.[8] The area is used for surfing and there is a surf life-saving club at the neighbouring Lighthouse Beach.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]