Tactics is generally credited as being the first commercially successful board wargame. It was designed by Charles S. Roberts in 1953, and self-published in 1954 under the company name of The Avalon Game Company (later changed to Avalon Hill in 1958). Roberts designed two maps for the game originally, but the 1954 edition contained only one, which was also used as the basis for the map in Tactics II, a revised version published by Avalon Hill in 1958, then re-released again in 1961 and 1972. In 1983 Avalon Hill released a "25th anniversary" edition of the original Tactics, which did (for the first time) include the second map.
Tactics pioneered many game mechanics which became standard in the board wargame industry, including the odds-ratio combat results table and variable movement costs for entering squares (later hexes) containing different types of terrain. It also evolved the use of cardboard counters which had been previously introduced with the game War Tactics or Can Great Britain Be Invaded?. Unlike later board wargames which used a hexagonal grid superimposed on the game map, Tactics used a square grid.
- Christopher Lewin, War Games and their History, Chapter 8, Fonthill Media, Stroud (GB) 2012, ISBN 978-1-78155-042-7
- The Complete Wargames Handbook (2nd ed.) Chapter 5, James Dunnigan (1991), retrieved October 2007
- Wired Magazine March 2013, Page 70
- Tactics description page on Boardgamegeek.com, a specialized website
- Tactics II description page on Boardgamegeek.com, a specialized website
- 25th anniversary edition of Tactics, as described by Boardgamegeek.com, a specialized website
- War Tactics or Can Great Britain be Invaded? at the Imperial War Museum
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