Taddeo di Bartolo
Taddeo di Bartolo (c. 1363 – 26 August 1422), also known as Taddeo Bartoli, was an Italian painter of the Sienese School during the early Renaissance. He is among the artists profiled in Vasari's Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori (in English, Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects). Vasari claims he is the uncle of Domenico di Bartolo.
The exact year Taddeo di Bartolo was born is unknown, but it’s been estimated sometime between 1363-65. Around 1389 he entered the Sienese School of art, where he mastered the art of painting among his Sienese colleagues. In 1389 Taddeo traveled to Collegarli, the San Miniato al Tedesco hills, and Pisa. The Virgin and Child Enthroned is one of Taddeo’s first documented works; signed and dated in 1390 for the church of San Paolo in Pisa. In 1393 Taddeo traveled to Tuscany where he painted in San Gimignano. Taddeo executed the altarpiece of the Virgin and Child and Saints for the Sardi and Campigli Chapel in San Francesco in 1395. The Virgin and Child With Saints showcases Taddeo’s earlier style. The thin, elegant figures, and flowing lines of the drapery patterns reflect influence from his Sienese predecessors, such as [Simone Martini] and [Ambrogio Lorenzetti].
From 1400-01, Taddeo worked at the Palazzo Pubblico in Siena where he created twelve small panels, of which only nine exist today and can be found at the Opera of the Duomo in Siena. These panels give reverence to Taddeo’s craftsmanship in smaller scale work, like many of his contemporaries in the trecento. Around 1401, Taddeo painted the celebrated altarpiece, Assumption of the Virgin and scenes from the Passion, in Montepulciano. The intention of this piece was for religious and devotional functions. Taddeo worked to accommodate the established conventions of altarpiece painting while simultaneously stylizing the pieces to fit their respective site. In 1403, Taddeo was working in Perugia producing two works for their public gallery. The Virgin and Child with two Angels and Saint Bernard and Descent of the Holy Ghost. These two works showcase Taddeo’s superior talents, exhibiting delicate coloring and vast human expression; though, they have been painted over throughout the years.
In 1406, Taddeo was commissioned to destroy all the paintings in the chapel of the Palazzo Pubblico, and repaint the inside. Many of these paintings represent the Life of the Madonna, including the Death of the Virgin in which Jesus descends, takes her hand, and receives her in the form of an infant. In 1422 Taddeo’s di Bartolo died in Siena.
Taddeo di Bartolo was born in Siena. Much of his early work was in Pisa, where he was responsible for the frescoes of Paradise and Hell in the Cathedral there, and for paintings in the Palazzo Pubblico and the church of San Francesco.
At the Collegiata di San Gimignano, Taddeo painted a fresco depicting the Last Judgment. A painting by Taddeo of Saint Gimignano holding the town in his lap (c. 1391) may be seen at the Museo Civico there.
A triptych of the Virgin and Child with St John the Baptist and St Andrew, painted around 1395, is on display at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest (Szépművészeti Múzeum). A massive triptych, Assumption of the Virgin, painted in 1401, is situated in the 16th century Duomo of Santa Maria dell'Assunta at Montepulciano.
Taddeo's Madonna with Child, Four Angels and Saint John the Baptist and Saint Andrew may be seen in the Oratory of the Company of Saint Catherine of the Night, at Santa Maria della Scala, Siena. He also painted allegories and figures from Roman history (1413–14), and the Funeral of the Virgin (1409) at the Palazzo Pubblico in Siena.
A Madonna and Child (c. 1400), painted with tempera and oil on a panel, is located in the Wadsworth Atheneum. Two more Madonna and Child paintings are in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco, California, and the Musée du Petit Palais, Avignon, France. Yet another "Madonna and Child" is displayed at Ball State University's Museum of Art in Muncie, Indiana. There is also a painting by this painter at the Snite Art Museum in Notre Dame, Indiana("Saint Germinianus"). There is also a painting by this Late Medieval Italian painter in the Bergen Art Museum in Bergen,Norway("Annunciation"). The Australian Catholic University has a di Bartolo virgin annunciate (1401) in its Melbourne campus chapel  There is also a painting by Taddeo di Bartolo in the Worcester Art Museum in Massachusetts("Christ Meeting Mother on Way to Calvary"), among several other Late Medieval Italian devotional theme paintings.There is also a painting by this painter in the Fogg Art Museum in Cambridge,Massachusetts("Virgin and Christ Child With Angels")
Taddeo died at Siena at about age 60.
- Vasari, Giorgio. "TADDEO DI BARTOLO [BARTOLI] (1362/1363 - August 26, 1422) PAINTER OF SIENA". Vasari's Lives of the Artists. Adrienne DeAngelis. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Fogg Art Museum (1919). Collection of mediaeval and renaissance paintings. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p. 114.
- Kugler, Franz (1997). Handbook of painting: the Italian schools (5th ed.). London: J. Murray. pp. 199–201.
- Norman, Diana (1995). Siena, Florence and Padua: art, society and religion 1280-1400. Vol. 2, Case studies. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press in association with the Open University. pp. 196–215.
- "St Mary of the Cross MacKillop Chapel dedication > Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne: Church in Melbourne, Australia > Melbourne News - Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne: Church in Melbourne, Australia". Cam.org.au. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taddeo di Bartolo.|
- Madonna and Child, with Four Angels, St. John the Baptist, St. Andrew, dated 1400, by Taddeo di Bartolo, Oratory of the Company of Saint Catherine of the Night, Santa Maria della Scala, Siena.
- Apollo and Athena fresco c.1414 in the Anticapella of the Palazzo Pubblico, Siena.
- Madonna and Child, by Taddeo di Bartolo, Legion of Honor Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco.
- Triptych of the Assumption of the Virgin, 1401, by Taddeo di Bartolo, Montepulciano, Italy.
- Madonna and Child, by Taddeo di Bartolo,Musée du Petit Palais, Avignon, France.
- Taddeo di Bartolo at Panopticon Virtual Art Gallery
- Website of Santa Maria della Scala, Siena, Itay.
- Taddeo di Bartolo | Art in Tuscany