Tadeusz Żenczykowski

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Tadeusz Żenczykowski
"Kania", "Kowalik", "Zawadzki"
Tadeusz Żenczykowski.jpg
Born January 2, 1907 (1907-01-02)
Warsaw, Poland
Died March 30, 1997 (1997-03-31) (aged 90)
London
Allegiance  Poland
Service/branch Flaga PPP.svg Armia Krajowa (Home Army)
Commands held Bureau of Information and Propaganda
Battles/wars Siege of Warsaw (1939), Warsaw Uprising
Awards POL Order Orła Białego BAR.svg Virtuti Militari, Class V
Other work Author and deputy chief of Polish section of Radio Free Europe

Tadeusz Żenczykowski pseudonym Kania, Kowalik, Zawadzki (born on 2 January 1907 in Warsaw, died on 30 March 1997 in London) was a Polish lawyer, political activist, during World War II soldier of Armia Krajowa (Home Army)), took part in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, immediately after the war a member of anti-communist conspiracy in Poland, since 1945 an emigration journalist and deputy chief of the Polish Section of Radio Free Europe, historian and publicist.

Early life[edit]

General Antoni Chruściel pseudonym "Monter" (center) and officers of the Bureau of Information and Propaganda of the Headquarters of Armia Krajowa, in the yard of the Main Post Office in Plac Powstańców Warszawy (then Plac Napoleona) in Warsaw during the Warsaw Uprising on 10 August 1944. There stand from the left on: Zygmunt Ziółek pseudonym "Sawa", before him Jan Rzepecki pseudonym "Wolski" covered up by Lech Sadowski pseudonym "Wasyl" (in the foregraund left). Then general Chruściel and next to him on the right Tadeusz Żenczykowski pseudonym "Kania"

In 1922, Tadeusz Żenczykowski became a member of the Riflemen's Association. He was one of leaders of Związek Polskiej Młodzieży Demokratycznej (Association of Polish Democratic Youth). Since 1938 member of Polish parliament (Sejm), of the parliamentary group of the Camp of National Unity (OZN).

Military career[edit]

In September 1939 Żenczykowski took part in the defence of Warsaw. After an escape from German captivity he was an organiser and president of the conspiracy organisation Związek Odbudowy Rzeczypospolitej (ZOR) (Union for the Reconstruction of the Commonwealth). Since 1940 he worked for the Bureau of Information and Propaganda of the Headquarters of Armia Krajowa (Home Army). He was chief of the Action "N" (anti-German subversive propaganda), while since 1943 he headed the Action "Antyk" (anti-Soviet propaganda) as well as of "Rój" - preparation of insurgent propaganda. He took part in the Warsaw Uprising as chief of propaganda of Armia Krajowa. After the downfall of the uprising he was placed in German captivity.

After 1945[edit]

After his liberation Żenczykowski became editor of a conspiracy anti-communist periodical "Głos Wolności" (Voice of Freedom) in Poland under communist rule. In November 1945 he left Poland. In emigration he conducted political and publicistic activity. During 1954-1975 he was editor, then deputy chief of the Polish Section of Radio Free Europe. He was member of the Council of Trustees of Polska Fundacja Kulturalna (Polish Cultural Fund) in London. For many years he was collaborator of "Dziennik Polski i Dziennik Żołnierza" (Polish Daily and Soldier's Daily) newspaper in London. Żenczykowski was author of many historical works, including two volumes of his historical study on the initial period of communist-ruled Poland in 1944/1945, entitled "Polska Lubelska 1944" (The Lublin Poland of 1944) and "Dramatyczny rok 1945" (The Dramatic Year 1945). He was decorated with the Order of the White Eagle (Pol.: Order Orła Białego) in 1996, as well as the order Virtuti Militari.

Books[edit]

  • Generał Grot u kresu walki (General "Grot" at the end of his fight), Wydawnictwo Polonia, Londyn, 1983
  • Polska lubelska 1944 (The Lublin Poland of 1944), Editions Spotkania, Warszawa 1990;
  • Samotny bój Warszawy. Pisma historyczne (The Lonely Fight of Warsaw. Historical Writings), Wydawnictwo LTW, 2005 r., ISBN 83-88736-69-8;
  • Dramatyczny rok 1945 (The Dramatic Year 1945), Wydawnictwo LTW, 2005 r., ISBN 83-88736-74-4;
  • Edward Raczyński, Tadeusz Żenczykowski Od Genewy do Jałty. Rozmowy radiowe (From Geneva to Yalta. Radio Talks), Towarzystwo Naukowe Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego, 1991 r., ISBN 83-85291-19-9;

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 1 February 2008 of the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

See also[edit]