15 April 1885|
|Died||8 January 1947
|Service/branch|| Austro-Hungarian Army
|Rank||General (Divisional General)|
Tadeusz Kutrzeba (15 April 1885 - 8 January 1947) was an army general of the Second Polish Republic. He was the Captain of the General Staff of the Imperial and Royal Army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Divisional General of the Polish Army and the commander of Army Poznań during the defensive war of 1939.
Kutrzeba was born in Kraków, then part of Austria-Hungary. In 1906 he graduated with distinction from the Military Technical Academy (Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna) in Mödling and was enlisted as Second Lieutenant in a minesweeping unit.
During the Invasion of Poland in 1939 he commanded the Poznań Army composed of four infantry divisions (14, 17, 25, 26) and two cavalry brigades (Wielkopolska and Podolska). He devised the Polish counterattack plan of the battle of Bzura and commanded the Poznan and Pomorze Armies during the battle. After the siege of Warsaw he was captured by the Germans and spent the rest of the war in several prisoner of war camps: Hohenstein, Königstein and Oflag VII-A Murnau.
Honours and awards
- Commander's Cross of the Virtuti Militari, previously awarded the Knight's Cross and the Silver Cross (1921)
- Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1930), previously awarded the Officer's Cross
- Cross of Valour - three times
- Gold Cross of Merit
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
- Commander's Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Commander's Cross of the Order of the Crown (Belgium)
- Cross of Liberty, Class II (Estonia)
- Order of the Cross of the Eagle, Class II (1932, Estonia)
- Order of Lāčplēsis Third Class (Latvia)
- Academic Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature
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