Tadley

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Tadley
TadleyShopping.jpg
Shops on Mulfords Hill
Tadley is located in Hampshire
Tadley
Tadley
 Tadley shown within Hampshire
Population 11,651 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SU601616
Civil parish Tadley
District Basingstoke and Deane
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TADLEY
Postcode district RG26
Dialling code 0118
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament North West Hampshire
Website Tadley Town Council
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 51°21′02″N 1°08′15″W / 51.3506°N 1.1376°W / 51.3506; -1.1376

Tadley is a town and civil parish in the English county of Hampshire.

During the 1950s and 1960s, the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment (AWRE), now known as AWE, became the area's largest employer, and a large number of houses were built during this period to accommodate AWRE workers. Though the establishment was located in the parish of Aldermaston, most of these houses were built in Tadley.

History[edit]

St. Peter's church

The origin of the name is uncertain. In old maps and books Tadley can be found spelled as Taddanleage, Tederlei, Titherley, Tudurley, Tadel and Taddeley. As with many other rural British communities, it is assumed that the village began as a clearing in the dense forest which at one time covered the greater part of England. In Old English, Tadde means 'Toad' or 'Frog' and ley being 'a clearing in the woods', so it possibly means "a clearing in the woods with frogs". Most sources, however, say that the name means "woodland clearing of a man called Tada".[1]

In 909, Edward the Elder granted the 'Manor of Overton' to Frithstan, Bishop of Winchester. In the confirmation of this a wood at Tadley is mentioned. The village is mentioned frequently in documents relating to the grant. There was an independent estate in the parish called the 'Manor of Tadley' but later was known as the 'Manor of Withford or Wyford'. In 1166 this property was held by William Hotot. He was succeeded by his son, Robert Hotot in 1205. The first reference to a church at Tadley is in 1286 when Andrew Hotot is recorded as owning the Manor and Church. It could be assumed that a settlement and therefore a church existed at an earlier date in view of the documented references to owners of land at Tadley from 909.

Although the exact location is unknown, it is believed that originally Tadley was a rural agricultural village located near to St. Peter's church. This village flourished until the 17th century. At that time, 12 cottages were pulled down by Henry Ludlow and the villagers scattered. They resettled on the fringe of Pamber Forest and woodland crafts became the main employment. By the 18th century, the centre of the village had moved a couple of miles to the northeast, St Peter's had become isolated from its congregation and in 1888 a new church, St. Saviour's, was built by The Green. Burrell's Farm, a cottage on Main Road, is reputed to have been built in the 15th century and is thought to be the oldest building in Tadley. A congregational chapel was founded in Tadley in 1662; this may be identified with a chapel which was converted into the first village school in 1820. By the beginning of the 20th century, there were many Gypsies or didicoy in Tadley — they had given up their travelling life to marry into non-Gypsy families and become property owners.

Until the 1950s, the parish was still heathland and common land covered in gorse and blackberries, with a few scattered settlements. Bricks used to be made at Tadley Common and the manufacture of besom brooms — the type of broom that witches are traditionally said to carry — was, and still is, another local industry. Tadley considers itself the home of besom broom making; the brooms that are used on the Queen's premises are manufactured in Tadley. Relics of these industries can be seen in the names of houses in the village such as Kiln House and Broom Cottage.

With the advent of World War II an airfield, RAF Aldermaston, was built on the grounds of Aldermaston Court which was located on the northern edge of the village. Numerous barracks, administration buildings and maintenance facilities were located throughout Tadley. Local streets such as Hangar Road bear witness to its former usage.

In recent years Tadley has become a township, with residential estates covering the former heathlands. Development has occurred on either side of the Hampshire/Berkshire border following the growth of the Atomic Weapons Establishment on the old Aldermaston airfield in the 1950s and the designation of Basingstoke as a London overspill town in the 1970s.

Since the opening of AWE in the 1950s many anti-nuclear demonstrations have taken place around the base.

Governance[edit]

Tadley is a civil parish with an elected town council Tadley Town Council which consists of 4 parish wards, Central Tadley, South Tadley, North Tadley and East Tadley. These occupy some or all of three wards of Basingstoke and Deane District Council, being Baughurst and Tadley North, Tadley Central and Tadley South.[2] Tadley falls within the area of Basingstoke and Deane District Council and of Hampshire County Council and all three councils are responsible for different aspects of local government.

Geography[edit]

Tadley lies next to the northern border of Hampshire, where it meets Berkshire.

It is six miles (10 km) north of Basingstoke, ten miles (16 km) south west of the large town of Reading and ten miles (16 km) south east of Newbury.

Nearby villages are Aldermaston, Baughurst, Pamber Heath, Heath End, Bramley, Mortimer Common, and Silchester.

Economy[edit]

The growth in shopping facilities has been slower than the growth in the population. Though there are shops in small groups throughout the town, there is only one significantly-sized shop, a supermarket. For more extensive choice, it is necessary to go to one of the larger nearby towns, Basingstoke, Reading, or Newbury.

The main shopping areas in Tadley are on Mulfords Hill and Bishopswood Road, though there are isolated shops in other parts of the town and parish.

Culture and community[edit]

Tadley Library

Hampshire County Council built a new library for Tadley in 1994. It was opened on 12 October 1994 by Dame Mary Fagan, the Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire.[3]

A local legend dating from the late 19th century[citation needed] claims that there were treacle mines located in the village, and until well into the 20th century the locals were referred to as "Tadley Treacle Miners". Tadley holds an annual "Treacle Fair" in honour of this legend in early June. It is organised by the Loddon Valley Lions Club, a member of Lions Club International.[4]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Tadley has a Non-League football club Tadley Calleva F.C., which plays at Barlow's Park.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The main road through the town is the A340 road, which begins in Basingstoke to the south and ends in Pangbourne in Berkshire, 11 miles (18 km) north of Tadley.

Bus[edit]

Tadley is served by Stagecoach in Hampshire with a regular service to Basingstoke. Newbury Buses and Reading Buses provide a less frequent service to Newbury and Reading.

Rail[edit]

Tadley does not have a railway station, but is served by Aldermaston (4 miles (6.4 km) north), Bramley (5 miles (8.0 km) south east) and Basingstoke (6 miles (9.7 km) south).

Education[edit]

Burnham Copse Infant School

Children aged 11 to 16 that receive state-funded education are likely to attend The Hurst Community College, though this school is actually located in the adjacent village of Baughurst.[5]

Children attending the Hurst school are likely to have attended, aged 4 to 11, one of several primary schools in Tadley or one of the nearby villages. The schools are: Bishopswood Infant and Junior Schools, Burnham Copse Primary School (prior to September 2008, there were two separate schools, Burnham Copse Infant School and Burnham Copse Junior School), Silchester Church Of England Primary School, Tadley Community Primary School and The Priory Primary School.

Notable residents[edit]

Dean Horrix, who achieved minor fame during the 1980s as part of the Reading football team that won promotion to the Football League Third Division in 1984 and the Football League Second Division in 1986, lived in Tadley with his wife Carol. He remained in the area after leaving Reading for Millwall in 1988 and being transferred to Bristol City in early 1990. He was killed in a car crash in March 1990, aged 27, less than two weeks after signing for Bristol City. His wife was driving the car but survived.[6]

Professional footballer and cricketer Len Vallard was also a Tadley resident. Len played for Reading FC from 1958–62, and manager League of Ireland team Sligo Rovers for their 1973 season. Len also played at various times for Tadley FC. He held a unique cricketing record, of having scored five sixes in an over - the sixth ball was so wide he couldn't reach it. Kathy Smallwood-Cook (born 3 May 1960), one of the most successful female sprinters in British athletics history, was a Tadley resident and attended Burnham Copse Junior School.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, A.D. (1996). The Popular Dictionary of English Place Names. Parragon. p. 320. ISBN 0-7525-1851-8. 
  2. ^ Statutory Orders 2008: No. 425: The Borough of Basingstoke and Deane (Electoral Changes) Order 2008. The Stationery Office Limited. 2008. 
  3. ^ "Tadley and District History Society (TADS) - Buildings around Tadley - Tadley Library". Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "Loddon Valley Lions Club". Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  5. ^ "The Hurst Community College (with Specialist Science Status)". Hantsweb. Retrieved 2006-04-22. 
  6. ^ "Hob Nob Anyone? - Reading FC - The Royals - Articles". The Royals. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 

Further reading[edit]