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The modern town of Tadmur
The modern town of Tadmur
Tadmur is located in Syria
Coordinates: 34°33′36″N 38°16′2″E / 34.56000°N 38.26722°E / 34.56000; 38.26722
Country  Syria
Governorate Homs
District Tadmur
Subdistrict Tadmur
Elevation 405 m (1,329 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 51,323
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 31

Tadmur (Arabic: تدمر‎; also spelled, Tadmor, Tudmur; ancient Palmyra) is a city in central Syria, administratively part of the Homs Governorate. It is located in an oasis in the middle of the Syrian Desert 215 km northeast of Damascus[2] and 180 km southwest of the Euphrates. The ancient ruins of Palmyra are situated about 500 meters southwest of Tadmur.[3] Although relatively isolated, the nearest localities include Arak to the east, al-Sukhnah further to the northeast, Tiyas to the west and al-Qaryatayn to the southwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Tadmur had a population of 51,323 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants were recorded to be Sunni Muslims in 1838.[4]


Tadmur is the modern settlement of the ancient city of Palmyra, which developed adjacently to the north of the ancient ruins.[5] The modern city is built along a grid pattern. Quwatli Street is the main road and runs east-west, starting from the Saahat al-Ra'is Square on the western edge of the town.[3] The city currently serves as a base for tourists visiting the ruins.[5] It has a museum in the southwestern part of the city.[3] Syria holds an annual cultural festival in Tadmur celebrating the city's ancient heritage.[6] The Palmyra Airport is also located in Tadmur.

Tadmur also serves as a center for Syria's phosphate mining and natural gas industries.[5] The first phosphate mine run by the government was established near Tadmur and started production in 1971.[7] Work to connect Tadmur's phosphate mines to the port of Tartus began in 1978.[8] In 1986 Soviet surveyors discovered large iron ore deposits in the vicinity of Tadmur.[9]


  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Homs Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. ^ Syria uncovers 'largest church' BBC News Online, 14 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
  3. ^ a b c Carter, p. 205.
  4. ^ Smith, 1841, p. 174.
  5. ^ a b c Knowles, 2006.
  6. ^ Cavendish, p. 439.
  7. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 169.
  8. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 194.
  9. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 170.