Tadmor Prison

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Tadmor Prison
Tadmor Prison is located in Syria
Tadmor Prison
Tadmor Prison
Location Tadmur, Homs Governorate, Syria
Coordinates 34°33′32″N 38°17′7″E / 34.55889°N 38.28528°E / 34.55889; 38.28528Coordinates: 34°33′32″N 38°17′7″E / 34.55889°N 38.28528°E / 34.55889; 38.28528
Status Destroyed

Tadmor prison (Arabic: سجن تدمر‎) was located in Tadmur in the deserts of eastern Syria approximately 200 kilometers northeast of Damascus (Tadmor or Tadmur is the Arabic name for Palmyra).

Tadmor prison was known for harsh conditions, extensive human rights abuse, torture and summary executions. It was captured and destroyed by militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in May 2015.[1]

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

The structures were originally built as military barracks by the French Mandate forces.

Prison massacre[edit]

During the 1980s Tadmor prison housed thousands of Syrian prisoners, both political and criminal and it was also the scene of the June 27, 1980 Tadmor Prison massacre of prisoners by Rifaat al-Assad, the day after the Syrian branch of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood narrowly failed in an attempt to assassinate his brother, president Hafez al-Assad. Members of units of the Defence Brigades, under the command of Rifaat al-Assad, entered Tadmor Prison at dawn and killed an estimated thousand prisoners in the cells and the dormitories.[2][3] The massacre is well known throughout Syria.[4]

Closure and Reopening[edit]

Tadmor prison was closed in 2001 and all remaining detainees were transferred to other prisons in Syria. Tadmor Prison was reopened on June 15, 2011 and 350 individuals arrested for participation in anti-government demonstrations were transferred there for interrogation and detainment.[5]

Destruction[edit]

In May 2015 Tadmur was captured by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), who also took over the prison and released a video of it's interior.[6] ISIL militants used explosives to blow up the prison complex on 30 May.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Islamic State blows up empty prison complex in Syria's Palmyra". Reuters. 2015-05-30. Retrieved 2015-05-30. 
  2. ^ SHRCThe Tadmur (Palmyra) Prison Massacre on its 27th Anniversary • Report, 2007[dead link]
  3. ^ Kerry Pither. "Dark Days: The Story of Four Canadians Tortured in the Name of Fighting Terror", 2008.
  4. ^ "The multiple symbolisms of Palmyra: Stones that speak". The Economist. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Syria: Mukhabarat and the desert prison". Intelligence Quarterly. Retrieved 2015-05-30. 
  6. ^ Islamic State gives tour of captured jail where Assad's men tortured prisoners

External links[edit]