Tadmur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tadmur
تدمر
The modern town of Tadmur
The modern town of Tadmur
Tadmur is located in Syria
Tadmur
Tadmur
Coordinates: 34°33′36″N 38°16′2″E / 34.56000°N 38.26722°E / 34.56000; 38.26722
Country  Syria
Governorate Homs
District Tadmur
Subdistrict Tadmur
Elevation 405 m (1,329 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total 51,323
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 31

Tadmur (Arabic: تدمر‎; also spelled, Tadmor, Tudmur; ancient Palmyra) is a city in central Syria, administratively part of the Homs Governorate. It is located in an oasis in the middle of the Syrian Desert 215 km northeast of Damascus[2] and 180 km southwest of the Euphrates. The ancient ruins of Palmyra are situated about 500 meters southwest of Tadmur.[3] Although relatively isolated, the nearest localities include Arak to the east, al-Sukhnah further to the northeast, Tiyas to the west and al-Qaryatayn to the southwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Tadmur had a population of 51,323 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants were recorded to be Sunni Muslims in 1838.[4]

Economy[edit]

Bedouin Chief of Palmyra, Holy Land (i.e., Tadmur, Syria), between 1890 and 1900

Tadmur is the modern settlement of the ancient city of Palmyra, which developed adjacently to the north of the ancient ruins.[5] The modern city is built along a grid pattern. Quwatli Street is the main road and runs east-west, starting from the Saahat al-Ra'is Square on the western edge of the town.[3] The city currently serves as a base for tourists visiting the ruins.[5] It has a museum in the southwestern part of the city.[3] Syria holds an annual cultural festival in Tadmur celebrating the city's ancient heritage.[6] The Palmyra Airport is also located in Tadmur.

Tadmur also serves as a center for Syria's phosphate mining and natural gas industries.[5] The first phosphate mine run by the government was established near Tadmur and started production in 1971.[7] Work to connect Tadmur's phosphate mines to the port of Tartus began in 1978.[8] In 1986 Soviet surveyors discovered large iron ore deposits in the vicinity of Tadmur.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Homs Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. ^ Syria uncovers 'largest church' BBC News Online, 14 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
  3. ^ a b c Carter, p. 205.
  4. ^ Smith, 1841, p. 174.
  5. ^ a b c Knowles, 2006.
  6. ^ Cavendish, p. 439.
  7. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 169.
  8. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 194.
  9. ^ Federal Research Division, p. 170.

Bibliography[edit]