Tadipatri

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Tadipatri
తాడిపత్రి
Town
Tadipatri is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tadipatri
Tadipatri
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°55′N 78°01′E / 14.92°N 78.02°E / 14.92; 78.02Coordinates: 14°55′N 78°01′E / 14.92°N 78.02°E / 14.92; 78.02
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Anantapur
Elevation[1] 229 m (751 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 108,249
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515 411
Website Tadipatri Municipality

Tadipatri or Tadpatri is a newly industrialized town and a municipality in Anantapur district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is right at the border of Kurnool district and Kadapa district. This town boasts of wide cement roads, greenery, a spacious community hall, a vegetable market complex, drainage water treatment plant, multiplexes, new municipal building and several others. [3] This is the only town with an underground drainage in the whole of Anantapur district.

Etymology[edit]

The area around Tadipatri is known as Bhaskara Kshetra. To its south lies a forest full of palm trees. It was called Tatipatri during the time of Pemmasani Ramalinga Naidu, a local chieftain under the Vijayanagara king, Proudha Devaraya.

Tadipatri got its name from Tatipatri which means garden of palm trees. Another version is that Tataki, a demon lady who tried to kill Sreeram on his way to save the yaga of Viswamitra but was killed by Sreeram at this very place and hence the name.

Geography[edit]

Tadipatri is located at 14°55′N 78°01′E / 14.92°N 78.02°E / 14.92; 78.02.[4] Its average elevation is 223 metres or 731 feet. Tadipatri lies on the southern bank of Pennar River. Due to Mid Pennar Dam constructed upstream, the section of river in Tadipatri is usually dry throughout the year. Tadipatri is rich in cement grade limestone deposits. The lime stone reserves are extending in a triangle from Tadipatri in Anantapur district to Kamalapuram in Kadapa district and Bethamcherla in Kurnool district.

The rocks in Tadipatri area are part of the Lower Cuddapah Supergroup. It consists of dolomite, limestone and shale.[5]

Economy[edit]

Granite Industries[edit]

Tadipatri is well known place for producing black stone and granite polishing in Anantapur District. It is having about 1300 stone polishing and 300 granite industries, from these industries around 20000 people are getting employment directly and indirectly.

Cement Industries[edit]

Ultra Tech cements - Larsen and Toubro was the first cement plant commissioned in 1994 at Bhogasamudram in Tadipatri. Tadipatri was chosen after many considerations of availability of limestone, water, etc. It was very difficult to build the factory in this location because it was a hilly area. There are many advantages to this – when the cement is manufactured, the cement bags would go down on a conveyor belt without much power due to gravity. All the products would then go into the railway siding or lorry siding and could then be dispatched. It is now known as Ultra Tech cements on acquisition of this factory by Aditya Birla Group. It also has its own thermal power plant.

Penna Cements - It was commissioned on 2008 at Talaricheruvu in Tadipatri. The facility is used for sourcing limestone from the captive mines of Gudipadu, coal from Singarenni Collieries Company Limited and for transportation of finished goods to the consuming markets in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.

Steel Industries[edit]

Gerdau Steel, Tadipatri - is the first investment made by Brazilian steel major Gerdau in Asia. The plant become operational from January 2014 and producing the special bar quality bars and supplying to many automotive component manufacturers. The existing plant capacity is 3,00,000 tons per year and there is a plan to increase the capacity in near future. Gerdau Steel at Tadipatri is employing around 2000 people directly (900 on company role and 1100 on contract basis). Presently a large scale project - Coke oven and CPP is under implementation and will become operational by mid 2015.

Civic Administration[edit]

Citizens of this industrial town have set an example to the entire state by strictly adhering to the ban on use of plastic (polythene) carry bags and tea cups and drinking water tumblers imposed by the municipal council. The ban has been practically in force from January 26, 2006. A penalty of Rs 2500 would be imposed if one were found either selling or using the plastic carry bags or tea cups. Residents, as well as shopkeepers, prefer to use recycled paper or cloth bags for normal use.[6]

Garbage collection van spotted going on its daily rounds.

The municipality of Tadipatri purchased 15 vehicles with financial aid from donors and municipal funds to collect garbage at the doorstep of residents. This program came into existence from January 1, 2009. These vehicles collect about 50 tonnes of garbage being generated per day in the town.[7] [8]

Politics[edit]

MLA of Tadipatri is J.C.Prabhakar Reddy.He is the brother of J. C. Diwakar Reddy, who won six times as MLA from Tadipatri, before contesting as mp from anantapur, leaving MLA seat to his brother in 2014 assembly elections. Faction war claims many lives in Tadipatri.

New Municipal Office of Tadipatri

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Tadpatri municipality had a population of 108,249, out of which males were 54,027 and females were 54,222. The literacy rate was 72.17 per cent.[9]

As of the 2001 India census,[10] Tadipatri had a population of 86,641. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tadipatri has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 44%. In Tadipatri, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The villages surrounded by Tadipatri are Yaragunta palli,Kondapuram,Bugga,Chukkalur etc.

Business and Entertainment[edit]

Cinema Theatres are Vijaya Lakshmi,Vara Lakshmi,Jaya Lakshmi,Sai Teja,SLN,Dada,BH Mahal...

Tadpatri is next famous for gold after proddatur of kadapa district. Even people from Anantapur district visit Tadpatri because of its purity in gold.

Education[edit]

One of the finest schools of Tadipatri - follows State Syllabus.

Tadipatri has good number of schools and colleges. Sri Aurobindo Centenary School is one of the best school following the curriculum prescribed by Andhra Pradesh State Board of Secondary Education (SSC). It also has an engineering college- Tadipatri Engineering College,cvr engineering college

Transport[edit]

Local transport within Tadipatri, is provided by shared auto rickshaws, which run between Tadipatri Railway Station and Tadipatri Bus Depot. The fare is Rs. 10/- from anypoint to anypoint on this stretch.

Railway[edit]

Tadipatri railway station is on the Guntakal-Chennai line which is part of Mumbai-Chennai line. There are daily trains from Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad , Kanyakumari, Coimbatore, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupathi, Kolhapur and Goa - which halt at Tadipatri. One can also reach Tadipatri from Bangalore by changing train at Gooty railway station.

Road[edit]

There are direct buses from Hyderabad and Bangalore to Tadipatri. Notable is the drive from Tadipatri to Anantapur. The rocks on either sides of the road from a particular point on the drive appears beautiful.

Vijayanagara Era Temples of Tadipatri[edit]

Some of the finest carvings of the early Vijayanagara period are from Tadipatri, a treasure-house of fine Vijayanagara sculpture.[11][12]

Tadipatri has two notable temples within the town, the Sri Chintala Venkata Ramana Swamy temple and the Sri Bugga Rama Lingeswara Swamy temple. The sthala puranam, or local history, says that these two temples were built in a day by two brothers. The Chintala Venkata Ramana Swamy temple was completed by the next morning but the Bugga Rama Lingeswara Swamy temple wasn't complete. The belief is that had this temple been completed it would have been 'Dakshina Kaashi', or Kaashi of the South. The architecture of these two temples is largely Dravidian and reflects the Vijayanagara style.

  • Sri Chintala Venkata Ramana Swamy temple: In the Vishnu temple near the river at Tadipatri, where the gopuram has mostly tumbled down, the workmanship of the figures in a pleasing pale greenish stone is admirable. It is located in the heart of the town on a plot about 5 acres (20,000 m2). The vimana or Main Gopuram was rebuilt as a result of earthquake damage. Ramayana, Bhagavata and Mahabharata epics are carved around the Garbha Griha. There may be a secret tunnel or sorangam from this temple to Gooty Fort. The face of the tunnel is still seen. However, it is blocked by a stone by Archeological Survey of India.
  • Sri Bugga Rama Lingeswara Swamy temple: It is located on the northern end of the town, where the River Penna lies. Water oozes all the time from the pedestal of the Siva Lingam here and people treat this as holy water. Unlike other temples, this temple has main entrances on the south and west. In this temple there is a secret tunnel to Tirupathi, but the entrance of the tunnel is now sealed. At the river side of the temple there is a statue of goddess standing by steps. It is believed that when the water level of the river Penna reaches the navel point of that statue, the entire town Tadpatri will be sinking in the water and that leads to its end.

Tourist spots around Tadipatri[edit]

  • Aluru Kona: This village is at a distance of 5 km. to the east from Tadipatri Town on the north bank of Pennar River half a kilometer south of the Penna Cement Factory at 14°56′32.48″N 78°4′31.14″E / 14.9423556°N 78.0753167°E / 14.9423556; 78.0753167. It is said that Yerramraju, the chief representative of King Bukkaraya, built Sri Aluru Kona Ranganatha Swamy temple, in 1334 A.D., atop the hill. There is a perennial water falls just adjacent to the temple whose source is a cold water spring at the top of this hill. Trekkers climb up the hill to locate the water source. To find this water source in the midst of arid region is like an oasis in the desert. There is green vegetation in this area, which is quite a contrast to the surrounding desert vegetation. Apart from that, thousands of tourists and devotees visit it throughout the year. Brahmotsavam of Lord Ranganathaswami is celebrated on Chaitra Sudha Paurnami Day.
  • Belum Caves : Belum Caves is the second largest cave in Indian subcontinent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent, known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations. From Tadipatri, one can catch a bus to Belum Caves which is 30 kilometers away. Tadipatri is the nearest railhead for Belum caves and is accessible from all parts of the country easily. Belum Caves has a length of 3229 metres, making it the second largest natural caves in Indian Subcontinent. The caves are maintained by APTDC.

Notable personalities from Tadipatri[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elevation for Rajam". Veloroutes. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ "JC Brothers’ grip over Tadipatri formidable". Express News Service (Andhra Pradesh, India). 15 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tadpatri
  5. ^ "Geological Excursion to Belum Caves & adjoining places, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India". P.R.C Phani, Earth Science India (Andhra Pradesh, India). 1999. 
  6. ^ "Tadipatri sets a real example". The Hindu (Andhra Pradesh, India). 25 March 2006. 
  7. ^ "Tadipatri Municipal Officers Movement against Garbage". 10 TV (Andhra Pradesh, India). 29 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Plastic Banned in Tadipatri". Common Man (Andhra Pradesh, India). 11 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  11. ^ "History and culture of the Andhras". Modali Nāgabhūṣaṇaśarma, Mudigonda Veerabhadra Sastry, Cīmakurti Śēṣagirirāvu, Telugu University (Hyderabad, India). Komarraju Venkata Lakshmana Rau Vijnana Sarvaswa Sakha (Andhra Pradesh, India). 1995. 
  12. ^ "History and culture of the Andhras". Komarraju Venkata Lakshmana Rau Vijnana Sarvaswa Sakha, Telugu University, 1995 (Andhra Pradesh, India). 1995.