Taedong River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Taedong River
Taedong map.png
The Taedong River in North Korea
Origin Rangrim Mountains, South Hamgyong
Mouth West Korea Bay
Basin countries North Korea
Length 439 kilometers (273 mi)[1]
Basin area 20,344 km²
Taedong River
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Daedong-gang
McCune–Reischauer Taedong-gang

The Taedong River (Chosŏn'gŭl: 대동강) is a large river in North Korea. It rises in the Rangrim Mountains of the country's north. It then flows southwest into Korea Bay at Namp'o.[2] In between, it runs through the country's capital, Pyongyang. Along the river are landmarks such as the Juche Tower and Kim Il-sung Square.

The river has a length of 439 kilometers and is generally deep. It is the fifth longest river on the Korean peninsula and the second longest in North Korea. Pyongyang is approximately 110 km upstream from the mouth, Sunchon 192 km upstream, and Taehŭng 414 km upstream.[citation needed] Because of its depth, it is widely used for river transport; it is navigable by large ships up to 65 km inland, though most commercial traffic stops at Songrim.

History[edit]

The kingdom of Koguryo was founded on its shores. Many archeological sites dating to the neolithic and Bronze ages have been found along the river, as well as relics and ruins from Koguryo. It was also once known as the Pae River.[3]

Dams and bridges[edit]

In 1986, the government completed the 8 kilometer long West Sea Barrage, with three locks and 36 sluices, at the mouth of the Taedong River near Namp'o.[2] The dam acts to control floodwater and to irrigate lands newly reclaimed from the Korea Gulf.[2] The dam has reduced the river's natural ability to purify itself and tends to concentrate contaminants.[4] Other dams, such as the Nyongwon Power Station, have been built to provide energy to the country.[5]

In Pyongyang, there are six bridges on the Taedong, including the Okryu Bridge, Rungra Bridge, and Taedong Bridge.[6]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica Online : Taedong River". Encyclopedia Britannica. 
  2. ^ a b c Suh, Dae-Sook (1987) "North Korea in 1986: Strengthening the Soviet Connection" Asian Survey 27(1): pp. 56-63, page 62
  3. ^ (1973) Transactions of the Korea branch of the Royal Asiatic Society vol. 48, page 59
  4. ^ Tenenbaum, David J. (2005) "International Health: North Korean Catastrophe" Environmental Health Perspectives 113(1): p. A26, page A26
  5. ^ (209) Korea Today No. 640
  6. ^ "옥류교 [Okryu Bridge]", [[Doosan Encyclopedia]], retrieved 2010-07-02  Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 38°51′54″N 125°31′32″E / 38.86500°N 125.52556°E / 38.86500; 125.52556