Taft, California

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For the community in Plumas County formerly with this name, see Cromberg, California.
City of Taft
City
The Fort, a replica of Sutter's Fort in Sacramento, is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Fort, a replica of Sutter's Fort in Sacramento, is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Official logo of City of Taft
Logo
Motto: "Energized For The Future "
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°08′33″N 119°27′23″W / 35.14250°N 119.45639°W / 35.14250; -119.45639Coordinates: 35°08′33″N 119°27′23″W / 35.14250°N 119.45639°W / 35.14250; -119.45639
Country  United States
State  California
County Kern
Government
 • Senate Roy Ashburn (R)
 • Assembly Jean Fuller (R)
 • U. S. Congress Kevin McCarthy (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 15.113 sq mi (39.143 km2)
 • Land 15.113 sq mi (39.143 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,327
 • Density 620/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93268
Area code(s) 661
FIPS code 06-77574
GNIS feature ID 1661543
Website www.cityoftaft.org

Taft (formerly Moron, Moro, and Siding Number Two)[3] is a city in the foothills at the extreme southwestern edge of the San Joaquin Valley, in Kern County, California. Taft is located 30 miles (48 km) west-southwest of Bakersfield,[3] at an elevation of 955 feet (291 m).[2] The population was 9,327 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2).

History[edit]

The town began as Siding Number Two on the Sunset Railroad.[3] According to a display at the West Kern Oil Museum, local residents asked the Southern Pacific Railroad if the station could be named Moro when the rails arrived in about 1900, but a railroad official declined because the name would be too easily confused with the coastal town of Morro Bay. Instead, the railroad directed the station be called Moron, a word which as yet had no association with stupidity. Pictures of local businesses, including the Moron Pharmacy, hang in the museum.

After a fire burned much of the town, the name was changed to Taft in honor of William Howard Taft.[3]

Taft and oil[edit]

1917 wooden derrick. This oil well produced into the 1980s, and the operator then donated the old derrick and 3 acres of land to found the West Kern Oil Museum.

Taft is situated in a major petroleum and natural gas production region in California and is one of the few remaining towns in the United States which exist exclusively because of nearby oil reserves. The discovery of oil in the region occurred in the late 19th century near Maricopa, seven miles (11 km) south of Taft. Many other oil and gas accumulations were discovered around Taft during the early-to-mid-20th century, notably the Midway field (near Fellows, California), Sunset field (later found to be part of the same trend, accounting for the modern combined name of Midway-Sunset), and the Buena Vista. The town is built directly between these two huge fields. The operational activities within these fields, as well as Occidental Petroleum's Elk Hills Oil Field north of Taft, have been the economic life blood of the town for over 100 years.

The super-giant Midway-Sunset field has produced approximately 2,800,000,000 barrels (450,000,000 m3) of crude oil, most of it heavy gravity (13-14 degrees API). Enhanced oil recovery operations in the form of steam production and injection have been used on the thick viscous crude oil of the Midway-Sunset field since the mid-to-late-1960s. The reservoirs of the Midway-Sunset field are composited layers of mostly unconsolidated sandstones of late Miocene age, shallowly buried. The shallow burial depth and ideal nature of the sandstones make them almost perfectly suited for steam injection. As a result, the amount of oil that can be recovered has greatly increased.

Standard Oil, later the Standard Oil Company of California (modern Chevron), made Taft its corporate operational headquarters. At one time it is reported that as many as 6,000 inhabitants of Taft were employed by Standard Oil. The hub of this activity was "11-C Camp", so named due to its township location in section 11 and designated "township C" by Standard's mapping department. Within the camp was everything imaginable to run a large oil and gas company: a rail spur from the line running through Taft, steel and timber for derrick construction and maintenance, pipe, valves, numerous offices, an expansive and highly specialized machine shop, a plethora of supply shops, the car and truck fleet, bunkhouses for workers, and dozens of company homes for employees. In its heyday, 11-C camp sported very nice facilities including a large playground, baseball field, tennis courts, a large swimming pool, a cook-house open to the public, beautifully landscaped grounds, a clubhouse with a television, pool and card tables, and an ice-cream stand. The huge complex gradually closed down over a period of many years. In 1968 Standard Oil of California moved its accounting and finance offices to Concord, California. In the late 1980s the machine shop was closed and auctioned, signaling the end of the 11-C Camp era.

Many other oil companies had operations in the area, including larger companies such as Shell, Texaco, Exxon, Mobil, Gulf, and Arco, as well as smaller operations (but with a large local presence) such as Santa Fe Energy, Berry Petroleum, Tannehill, M.H. Whittier, and lately Plains Exploration & Production. In the mid-1990s, according to California's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), there were 68 operating companies working the Midway-Sunset field alone. While the names of most of these companies have changed, due to mergers, acquisitions, and liquidations, the production activities have been continuous.

In celebration of its oil heritage, Taft holds its "Oildorado" festival every five years. Oildorado was first started in 1930 (see below) and was held intermittently before then.

In the early days of oil exploration and production, long before the advent of modern blowout preventions, gushers were the norm. Although there were many, the Lakeview Gusher was the grand-daddy of them all, producing 100,000 barrels (16,000 m3) of oil per day at its peak. In all, the Lakeview No.1 produced about nine million barrels of oil (a very respectable cumulative production for a single well in this area). The well and its State historical marker can be found along the Petroleum Club road, just off SR 33 south of town. (Note: Lake Gusher was formed when Taft began its early drills, first finding water, which was very much needed in the area and one of the few reason along with prostitution and booze that Taft survived while surrounding towns vanished overnight. Finally striking oil it was clear Taft understood drilling, However, the art of capping a well was something no one in the area had any understanding, as a result the Gusher Lake was formed during the months it took for proper materials and an instructor from Texas to travel out to Taft.

Taft was also the site of a military airfield named Gardner Field which was used to train pilots during World War II. After the base was closed its abandoned airstrip served as a clandestine dragstrip for many years.

Recent history[edit]

Today, the railroad, originally built to export crude oil and import drinking water, is gone but the area still has a significant oil industry presence.

The U.S. Bureau of Prisons operates a prison on Cadet Road south of town. There is a large, modern high school serving area students. The West Kern Oil Museum, at 1168 Wood Street, has vast holdings including pumps, fire apparatus, trucks, a historic wooden derrick, photos, models, and extensive displays of local history back to Indian times. The town's newspaper, the Midway Driller, was reputed to be the oldest daily newspaper in California. On or about 2005, the "Daily Midway Driller" became the "Midway Driller" and is now published on Tuesdays and Fridays. The town's second weekly newspaper, the Taft Independent, began publication on July 4, 2006. Taft-Kern County Airport is located at the east edge of town and is a favorite for parachutists in Kern County and the South San Joaquin Valley.

A shooting occurred at Taft Union High School on January 10, 2013. A 16-year-old student of the school, entered a science classroom with a 12 gauge shotgun and fired shots inside the class. Another 16-year-old student was hit and critically injured. Another student was shot at and not injured. A teacher suffered minor injuries from a pellet that struck the head. A campus supervisor asked the shooter to surrender, which he did, and he was taken into custody.[4]

Climate[edit]

Taft has a desert climate (Köppen BWh),[5] with long, hot, dry summers, and brief, cool, moist winters. Rainfall averages only 5.39 in (137 mm) annually, mostly falling during winter and spring. Typically, no rain falls from June through September. The year with the most rainfall is 1998 with 17.61 in (447 mm). The year with the least rainfall is 2007 with 1.93 in (49 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 6.96 inches (177 mm) in February 1998. The most rainfall in one day was 1.48 inches (38 mm) on May 6, 1998. Taft averages 112.7 days with highs above 90°F (32°C) and 6.2 days with lows below 32°F (0°C). The highest recorded temperature in Taft is 112°F (44.4°C) on July 11, 2008. The lowest recorded temperature in Taft is 24°F (-4.4°C) on December 23, 1998. [6]

Climate data for Taft, California (1994–2012 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
94
(34)
97
(36)
107
(42)
108
(42)
112
(44)
111
(44)
107
(42)
100
(38)
91
(33)
80
(27)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 57.8
(14.3)
62.2
(16.8)
69.6
(20.9)
75.2
(24)
84.2
(29)
91.8
(33.2)
98.4
(36.9)
97.3
(36.3)
91.8
(33.2)
79.6
(26.4)
66.1
(18.9)
58.4
(14.7)
77.7
(25.4)
Average low °F (°C) 41.0
(5)
44.0
(6.7)
47.3
(8.5)
49.7
(9.8)
56.1
(13.4)
60.5
(15.8)
67.2
(19.6)
65.0
(18.3)
61.4
(16.3)
53.9
(12.2)
46.3
(7.9)
40.9
(4.9)
52.8
(11.6)
Record low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
28
(−2)
29
(−2)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
44
(7)
42
(6)
52
(11)
45
(7)
35
(2)
26
(−3)
24
(−4)
24
(−4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.07
(27.2)
1.29
(32.8)
0.75
(19)
.5
(13)
.37
(9.4)
.03
(0.8)
0
(0)
.01
(0.3)
.06
(1.5)
.28
(7.1)
.38
(9.7)
.65
(16.5)
5.39
(136.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8 7 5 4 2 0 0 0 1 2 4 6 39
Source: TAFT, CALIFORNIA: Period of Record General Climate Summary[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 3,317
1930 3,442 3.8%
1940 3,205 −6.9%
1950 3,707 15.7%
1960 3,822 3.1%
1970 4,285 12.1%
1980 5,316 24.1%
1990 5,902 11.0%
2000 8,811 49.3%
2010 9,327 5.9%
Est. 2012 9,582 [7] 2.7%
US Census[8]

2010[edit]

The Fox Theatre, downtown Taft.

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Taft had a population of 9,327. The population density was 617.1 people per square mile (238.3/km²). The racial makeup of Taft was 7,388 (79.2%) White, 396 (4.2%) African American, 118 (1.3%) Native American, 93 (1.0%) Asian, 65 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 1,023 (11.0%) from other races, and 244 (2.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,353 persons (35.9%).

The Census reported that 6,372 people (68.3% of the population) lived in households, 123 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2,832 (30.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,254 households, out of which 914 (40.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,119 (49.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 289 (12.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 178 (7.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 176 (7.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 9 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 543 households (24.1%) were made up of individuals and 246 (10.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83. There were 1,586 families (70.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.

The population was spread out with 1,844 people (19.8%) under the age of 18, 1,041 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 3,521 people (37.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,136 people (22.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 785 people (8.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.9 years. For every 100 females there were 186.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 219.0 males.

There were 2,525 housing units at an average density of 167.1 per square mile (64.5/km²), of which 1,375 (61.0%) were owner-occupied, and 879 (39.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.8%. 3,847 people (41.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,525 people (27.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

Taft City Hall

According to the census[10] of 2000, there were 6,400 people, 2,233 households, and 1,565 families residing in the city. The population density was 422.6 people per square mile (163.2/km²). There were 2,478 housing units at an average density of 163.6 per square mile (63.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.16% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 10.39% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. 15.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,233 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 108.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,861, and the median income for a family was $42,468. Males had a median income of $47,000 versus $26,838 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,564. About 13.1% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Taft Union High School
Lincoln Junior High School

Local holidays[edit]

Welcome to Taft sign.
West Kern Oil Museum, old pumpjack and fire engine

In October 2010 Taft had its 100 year birthday.

Every 5 years during October, Taft holds a quinquennial birthday celebration. This event began as a parade and civic luncheon, commemorating Taft's 20th birthday in November 1930. These celebrations were held every five years until World War II, during which time none were held.

After the war, in 1946, the celebrations began again and the Taft District Chamber of Commerce made them permanent. A contest was held to choose a name for the event and "Oildorado" was chosen, having been submitted by W.A. Poff.

Today, Oildorado is a week long celebration during which many events are held. Oildorado is an ongoing testimony for Taft as a certified "Oil Town" -its origins owing solely to oil production and exploration, a rare distinction among any town in the world. As such, there are several oilfield-type skill contests held during each Oildorado. These include or have included: welding, pipe threading and fitting, rod wrenching, various skill tests with a backhoe, and at least as late as 1965 a regular well-pulling contest with local well servicing rigs and crews. Understandably, due to safety and probably liability issues, the well-pulling contests ceased. Much more could be said of these various contests and their participants through the years, it being quite memorable for those who were there.

Additionally, there is a beauty pageant where an Oildorado Queen is selected, a facial hair growing contest, talent shows, barbecues, street fairs, parades, and in 2005, motocross races. People usually dress in cowboy boots and a cowboy hat throughout the week.

It is also customary for all men to grow facial hair during this time. If a man does not grow facial hair, he must pay for a permit and wear a bolo tie or lapel pin called a Smooth Puss Badge. If he is caught clean shaven without his badge he may be arrested by the Posse, a group of men dressed in western garb, sporting pistols and rifles filled with blanks and, of course, facial hair. The man will be placed in a jail truck called "The Hoosegow" and driven around town for an hour for all to see. Warrants may also be purchased to have somebody else arrested and placed in The Hoosegow.[11]

The Posse is overseen by the Grand Marshal. The group patrols the streets, schools, and businesses and engages in make-believe shootouts with the Bandits, (the Wooden Nickel Gang) who customarily wear bandanna masks on their faces.

Other staples of this week long celebration include wooden nickels, dinner theatres, classic car shows, and rodeos.

Notable people[edit]

Movies filmed in Taft[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Taft, California
  3. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1114. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  4. ^ Taft High School shooting update: Reports indicate at least 1 person shot in California high school Retrieved January 10, 2013
  5. ^ Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 200 7.
  6. ^ a b "Taft General Climate Summary - WRCC". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  7. ^ E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State. California Department of Finance. January 1, 2011 and 2012. Accessed: 05-03-2012.
  8. ^ Historical Census Populations of Counties and Incorporated Cities in California, 1850–2010. California Department of Finance. Accessed: 03-12-2012.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Taft city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://www.oildoradodays.com

External links[edit]