William Howard Taft Bridge
|Location||Connecticut Avenue, NW over Rock Creek
|Architect||George S. Morison
Edward Pearce Casey
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|Governing body||District of Columbia|
|NRHP Reference #||03000584|
|Added to NRHP||July 3, 2003|
The Taft Bridge, also known as the Connecticut Avenue Bridge or William Howard Taft Bridge, is a historic bridge located in the Northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C. It carries Connecticut Avenue over the Rock Creek gorge, including Rock Creek and the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway, connecting the neighborhoods of Woodley Park and Kalorama. It is situated to the southwest of the Duke Ellington Bridge.
The Classical Revival bridge was built between 1897–1907. It was designed by engineer George S. Morison and architect Edward Pearce Casey. It is an arch bridge with unreinforced concrete arches and a reinforced concrete deck. The total length of the bridge is 274.5 meters (901 ft). It has been called an "engineering tour de force" and the largest unreinforced concrete structure in the world. In 1931, the bridge was renamed in honor of U.S. President William Howard Taft. Later, in the 1960s, Metro was planning the red line from Dupont Circle to Woodley Park, and it was originally meant to be above ground, using the bridge as support for the tracks across Rock Creek Park.
The bridge is "guarded" by four large male lions, two on each end of the bridge (each approx. 7 ft. x 6 ft. 6 in. x 13 ft.). Two of the lions rest on all fours with their heads tilted upwards and mouths slightly open while the other pair lie with their eyes closed, apparently sleeping. They were originally designed and sculpted by Roland Hinton Perry in 1906 out of cast concrete (the bridge as a whole is one of the first cast concrete bridges in the country) and were installed in 1907.
In 1964 the lions were restored and weatherproofed by Washington based sculptor Renato Luccetti, although this restoration proved to be less than entirely successful. When a major rehabilitation of the bridge began in 1993, the lions, which were in very bad condition, were removed for further restoration. They may have been stored in the Air Rights Tunnel on southbound I-395, although this is unclear. The sculptures were finally found to be beyond restoring.
The sculptor Reinaldo Lopez-Carrizo of Professional Restoration eventually produced molds based on the existing sculptures and photographs, and used them to cast new concrete lion sculptures that were installed on the bridge in July and August 2000. The same molds were used to cast bronze lions installed at the main pedestrian entrance to the National Zoo farther north on Connecticut Avenue in 2002.
Bairstow Eagle Lampposts
Twenty-four lampposts are equally spaced along both sides of the Taft Bridge. Created by sculptor Ernest Bairstow in 1906 the lampposts are composed of concrete bases (approx. H. 5 ft. 8 in. W. 4 ft.) with painted iron lampposts (approx. H. 17 ft. W. 4 ft.) set in them. The pedestals are decorated with garland and a fluted column featuring acanthus leaves at the top and bottom. Above the leaves is a horizontal bracket with two globes hanging from each side of the column. Each lamppost is topped with a painted iron eagle with its wings spread.
- List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Washington, D.C.
- List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in the District of Columbia
- "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/30/03 through 7/05/03". National Park Service. July 11, 2003. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "District of Columbia - Inventory of Historic Sites" (PDF). Government of the District of Columbia. September 1, 2004. Retrieved July 16, 2009.[dead link]
- Donald Beekman Myer; Abba G. Lichtenstein (1996). "Washington, a City of Beautiful Bridges: Paradigms to Emulate". United States National Research Council. pp. 18–34. ISSN 0361-1981.
- Myers, Aaron. "Never Built: Metro’s Bridge Over Rock Creek". Ghosts of DC. Retrieved 10/2/13. Check date values in:
- "Perry Lions, (sculpture).".
- "Professional Restoration---Taft Bridge Lions Project".
- Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Bairstow Eagle Lampposts (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Al Kemp (2008). "Eagle eyes a must to notice swap". News. The News Journal. Retrieved 1 Feb 2011.[dead link]
- J. Goode, Washington Sculpture, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8018-8810-7, A cultural history of outdoor sculpture in the Nation's capital.
- Williams, Paul K., Gregory J. Alexander, & Gregory V. Alexander. Woodley Park Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0-7385-1508-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taft Bridge.|
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. DC-6, "Connecticut Avenue Bridge"
- Taft Bridge at Structurae