|Regions with significant populations|
|Tagalog, Filipino, Chabacano de Cavite/Ternate, Spanish language and English|
|Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic, with a minority of Protestants, Islam and Buddhism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Kapampangan, Other Filipinos|
Tagalog is a major ethnic group in the Philippines. They form a majority in the provinces of Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Cavite, Bulacan, Laguna, Marinduque, Metro Manila, Nueva Ecija, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Quezon, Rizal and Zambales. Other provinces with some significant Tagalog populations include the provinces of Palawan, Nueva Vizcaya, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.
The name Tagalog comes from either the native term tagá-ilog, meaning 'people living along the river', or another native term, tagá-alog, meaning 'people living along the ford', a ford being a shallow part of a river or stream where people, animals, or vehicles can cross it. The prefix taga- means "coming from" or "native of", while the word ilog means 'river'. Translated, tagá-ilog means 'coming from the river' or 'native of the river', and tagá-alog means 'coming from the ford' or 'native of the ford' with 'the' being implied in both cases. Either way, the original name has been contracted to become simply Tagalog. During the latter part of the 20th century, the people of this ethnolinguistic group rarely refer to themselves as "Tagalog," and instead, identify themselves simply as "Filipino." This was a misnomer that could have developed from their language being used as the basis for the Philippine national tongue and a manifestation of the dominance they exert throughout the archipelago. Recent developments have shown though that there is a reversal in this trend and a resurgence of Tagalog identity, one that is distinct from that of the Philippines, is currently underway.
Tagalog people number about 28.1% of the Total Filipino population making them the second largest major indigenous Filipino ethnic group, second to Visayans. Tagalogs speak the Tagalog language, with many dialectal variations, although all Tagalog dialects are considered to be mutually comprehensible to each other. The principal religion of Tagalogs is Christianity, mainly Roman Catholicism with a minority practicing Islam, concentrated in the Quiapo district of Manila. Due to centuries of intense interaction with Europeans and their Asian neighbours, many Tagalogs are of mixed heritage with Chinese and Spanish admixtures the most prevalent.
Tagalogs have ancestries in other ethnic groups such as East Asian and as well as some other South East Asian people that migrated/settled to Manila and CALABARZON that assimilated to Tagalog or came even long before the Spanish Conquest. That could have established several native Tagalog communities formed by the assimilation of various indigenous Philippine kingdoms.
Through the years, the Tagalogs have spread out of their traditional geographical areas in southern and central Luzon and migrated into the Visayas and Mindanao. Hence, the Tagalog race has become both a regional cultural group as well as a nationwide culturally-mixed group.
The Tagalog culture of the Pre-Hispanic times was totally different from its forms today. Traditionally, it was essentially a river and water-based culture. Fishing and agriculture were predominant means of livelihood. Most of the ancient cultural centers of the Tagalog regions were founded on river banks, specifically near the delta and the "wawa" or the mouth of the river, where the river meets the sea. Riverine communities, especially those by the delta and river-mouth became centers of trade and commerce. In pre-Hispanic Philippines, some of these trade centers were Maynila, Tondo, Sapa, Pasig through the Pasig River; Talim, Bay, Pila, Lumbang through the Laguna de Bai; Balayan though Pansipit River; Lipa and Taal through Bonbon or Taal Lake.
Tagalogs are notable for having very strict adherence to conduct politeness and respect, and this is exemplified by practices and their language structure. Tagalogs are also depicted by examples of bravery and courage, as manifested by historical events, e.g., the Philippine Revolution and World War II.
Contemporary Tagalog culture is highly Westernised due to their habitation and geographical proximity to Manila which was chosen as the Philippine colony's capital by the Spaniards and Americans. Despite this, a considerable amount of pre-Hispanic customs and traditions, largely resembling those of the Chinese, Malays and Japanese, survives.
Tagalog royalty at the time of initial contact with the Spanish. mid-1500s. Boxer Codex
The Tagalogs were the first settlers of Manila. However, Taal, Batangas, is considered to be the birthplace and "Heartland of Tagalog Culture." Despite the existence of a writing system and high levels of literacy prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, the Tagalog people passed on most of their culture orally. This was the case as they wrote their ideas on perishable leaves and branches.
Pre-Hispanic information on the Tagalog people is rather limited. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription is the earliest written document to date that mentions the existence of several Tagalog states in the present-day provinces of Laguna, Bulacan and the city of Manila. It also adduces the cultural links classical Tagalog people had with other contemporary Asian civilisations such as the Javanese Medang Kingdom, Srivijaya Empire and the Middle Kingdoms of India. The language used was old Malay with a glut of non-Malay words speculated to be either of Old Tagalog or Old Javanese origins.
Europeans already had contact with the Tagalogs ten years before Magellan encountered Lapu-Lapu on Mactan. The Portuguese referred to them as Luções which was taken after Lusong, the island the Tagalogs inhabited. Lusong was derived from either the Tagalog words meaning pestle and mortar due to the shape of the region around Manila Bay or to wade in water. The Portuguese discovered a community of prominent Tagalog entrepreneurs when they conquered the Sultanate of Malacca (Melaka) on the Malay peninsula in 1511. A Tagalog named Regimo was even appointed temenggung or police commissioner by the Portuguese governor.
Another colony of Tagalogs was also found in Minjam on the Malay peninsula which was selling cotton from Mindoro to the Chinese as early as the 1300s. Surya Diraja, a Tagalog merchant, owned a plantation and estate that exported 175 tons of pepper to China every year. His ship was included in the flotilla that made an official visit to the Chinese empire.
Tagalog presence was ubiquitous in Southeast Asia during pre-colonial times. The port of Canton in China did business with these people as reported by a 1515 Portuguese account and Antonio Pigefetta, Magellan's navigator, spotted a Luzonese ship in Timor in 1521 during their stay in the area. A 1540 Portuguese report noted that the Tagalogs dominated Bornean navigation and were adventurous discoverers.
The Tagalogs also served as mercenaries for the exiled Sultan of Malacca in 1525 during his attempt to regain his city from the Portuguese. An early Portuguese historian, João de Barros, described them as bellicose and valiant. They fought in Aceh in northern Sumatra in 1529 as well and served the king of Burma (Myanmar) in a campaign at Martaban.
In the late 16th century, Spain chose Manila as the capital of its Philippine colony. From then onwards, it has been the political and economic center of the Philippines. Manila and the surrounding Tagalog areas played a leading role in the Philippine Revolution and the People Power Revolution. Throughout the centuries, there have been massive migrations by other ethnic groups to Manila, and many of them have intermarried with the Tagalog people.
A number of Philippine national heroes are of Tagalog heritage. The Tagalogs staged numerous revolts against Spanish colonization, and were also among the earliest. One such revolt was that of Apolinario de la Cruz (Hermano Pule), which was religious in orientation.
Many Tagalogs have assumed the presidency as well: Manuel L. Quezon (who was a Filipino mestizo of Tagalog descent), José P. Laurel, Ramon Magsaysay and Joseph Ejercito Estrada. Early Philippine history has always been actively participated by the struggles and triumphs of the Tagalog people and the Tagalogs have come to take an active part in the present Philippine economy and politics.
Prominent people of Tagalog descent
History, politics and religion
- Rajah Sulayman - titled Rajah Muda, was the Muslim ruler of the Kingdom of Maynila which was situated at the delta of the Pasig River at the time the Spanish conquistadors moved northwards to Luzon after subjugating the Visayans. He is the nephew and heir of Rajah Matanda.
- Rajah Matanda - was a 16th-century ruler of Maynila, a Tagalog kingdom. Alongside Rajah Sulayman and Lakandula, they tenaciously resisted the Spanish conquest of Luzon.
- Lakandula - was the ruler of the Kingdom of Tondo at the advent of Spanish colonisation. He is the brother of Rajah Matanda.
- Hermano Pule - born Apolinario dela Cruz in Lucban, Tayabas, now the province of Quezon. He led a major revolt against the Spaniards for religious freedom and independence.
- Mariano Gómez - was a Filipino secular priest who was falsely accused by Spanish colonial authorities of treason and sedition together. José Burgos, Jacinto Zamora and him are collectively known as GOMBURZA.
- Jose Rizal - Philippine national hero who authored Noli Me Tangere and El Filibuterismo, deemed at his time as works that were heretic and inciting sedition amongst Filipinos against the Spanish colonial authorities. His works inspired Filipinos into staging a revolution that eventually led to the establishment of the Philippine Republic, the first in Asia.
- Marcelo H. del Pilar - also known by his nom de plume Plaridel, was a Philippine writer, lawyer and journalist. He was the second and last editor of La solidaridad, the newspaper of the Reform Movement in Spain.
- Emilio Jacinto - was a Filipino revolutionary known for being the "Brains of the Katipunan."
- Andrés Bonifacio - Philippine nationalist and revolutionary leader. He was the founder and "Supremo" (supreme leader) of Katipunan.
- Deodato Arellano - was a Philippine patriot who was among the founders of the Katipunan.
- Apolinario Mabini - was a Philippine revolutionary and lawyer. He served as the Philippines' first prime minister. He was known for the epithet "The Sublime Paralytic" for his impressive intelligence.
- Pío Valenzuela - physician, Katipunan leader, established Katipunan branches in Morong and Bulacan; co-founded "Kalayaan", the Katipunan newsletter; emissary of Andrés Bonifacio to José Rizal
- Maximo Viola - propagandist, associate of José Rizal, publisher of the Noli Me Tángere.
- Trinidad Tecson - female Katipunan revolutionary.
- Felipe Buencamino, Sr. - revolutionary and co-writer of the Constitution of the Philippine Republic at Malolos.
- Commodore Ramon Alcaraz - World War II veteran, captain of Q-boat 112 ABRA who shot down 3 Japanese jet fighters
- Paciano Rizal - military general and revolutionary; older brother of José Rizal
- Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista - lawyer and author of the Declaration of Philippine Independence
- Felipe Agoncillo - was the Filipino lawyer representative to the negotiations in Paris that led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), ending the Spanish–American War and achieving him the title of "outstanding first Filipino diplomat."
- Ramon Magsaysay - was the 7th President of the Philippines.
- Ralph Gonzales Recto - incumbent senator and wife of Batangas mayor Vilma Santos.
- Ramón Bong Revilla, Jr. - politician, senator, son of Ramon Revilla, Sr. and husband of Lani Mercado.
- Lani Mercado-Revilla - politician, incumbent representative for the 2nd District of Cavite and wife of Bong Revilla.
- José Acuña Bautista - former senator of the Philippines and father of Bong Revilla.
- Joseph Ejercito Estrada - was the 13th President of the Philippines and incumbent Mayor of Manila.
- Sherwin Gatchalian - a prominent figure in business and politics, he served as mayor of Valenzuela for three terms and currently occupies the seat for the First Legislative district of the same city.
- Rexlon Gatchalian - also known as Rex Gatchalian, is the 26th and current Mayor of the Valenzuela and the former Representative of the First District of Valenzuela to the House of Representatives of the Philippines.
- Eduardo Ermita - was the Executive Secretary of the Philippines and spokesperson of erstwhile President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He was from Balayan, Batangas.
- Manuel L. De Castro, Jr. - is a commentator, TV and radio newsreader. He was elected Senator in 2001 and Vice President in 2004 under the Macapagal-Arroyo administration.
- Corazon Soliman - is the current Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development under the Aquino III administration. She also served under the same title during the first term of the Macapagal-Arroyo administration.
- Gen. Ángelo T. Reyes - was the Armed Forces Chief of Staff under the Estrada administration from 2000-2001 and Secretary for National Defense and Energy under the Macapagal-Arroyo administration.
- José L. Atienza, Jr. - is the former mayor of Manila and former Secretary of the Department of Environment and Resources in the Macapagal-Arroyo cabinet.
- Ronaldo Puno - was the former Interior and Local Government Secretary under the Macapagal-Arroyo administration and a former representative for Antipolo in the Philippine Congress.
- Consuelo Ynares-Santiago - is a former and first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. She was appointed by former President Joseph Estrada. She is a native of Binangonan, Rizal.
- Lorenzo Ruiz - is the first Filipino saint canonised by the Roman Catholic Church. He was born in Binondo, Manila to a Chinese father and Tagalog mother. He died of martyrdom for his faith in Japan.
- Feliciano Belmonte - is the incumbent Speaker of the House of Representatives and representative for the 4th District of Quezon City. He also served as mayor of the same city from 2001-2010.
- Brother Armin Luistro - is a La Sallian brother who serves as the incumber Secretary of Education.
- Herbert Bautista - is a Filipino actor and current mayor of Quezon City.
- Juanito Victor Remulla - commonly known by his nickname Jonvic Remulla, is a Filipino politician who is the Governor of the Province of Cavite.
- Brigadier General Vicente Lim - was a Filipino Brigadier General, hero during World War II and first Filipino to graduate from US' military academy at West Point.
- Albert del Rosario - current Secretary of Foreign Affairs. He is the grandson of Judge Simplicio Sempio del Rosario, one of the delegates to the Malolos Congress.
- Cesar Virata - is a Filipino politician and businessman, who was the fourth Prime Minister of the Philippines and Finance Minister from 1970-1986 under the Marcos administration.
- Rene Saguisag - is a Filipino lawyer who served as Philippine Senator from 1987 until 1992.
Arts and Culture
- Francisco Balagtas y de la Cruz - also known as Francisco Baltazar, was a prominent Filipino poet with Florante at Laura as his defining work.
- Nicanor Sta. Ana Abelardo - was a Filipino composer known for his Kundiman songs, especially before the Second World War.
- Liwayway A. Arceo - was a multi-awarded Tagalog fictionist, journalist, radio scriptwriter and editor from the Philippines.
- Juan M. Arellano - is a famous Philippine architect noted for his works such as the Metropolitan Theatre and the Legislative Building in Manila. He was born on April 25, 1888 in Tondo Manila, Philippines to Luis C. Arellano and Bartola de Guzmán.
- Mel Tiangco - popular Philippine TV newscaster and host.
- Mo Twister - Philippine radio broadcaster.
- Manuel Baldemor - famous wood sculptor
- Rajo Laurel - is a famous Filipino fashion designer. Former President Jose P. Laurel is his great-grandfather.
- Juan Nakpil - was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader. In 1973, he was named one of the National Artists for architecture, and tapped as the Dean of Filipino Architects.
- Carlos A. Santos-Viola - was an architect in the Philippines best known for designing and building churches for the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) religious group. He is a native of San Miguel, Bulacan.
- Lope Navo - is the first and only Filipino-born fashion photographer published worldwide. He is also a painter, writer and fashion blogger. He is currently based in New York City.
- Levi Celerio - Filipino composer and National Artist from Baliuag, Bulacan.
- Katy de la Cruz - Queen of Filipino Jazz and Bodabil
- Nicanor Abelardo - prolific composer of kundimans, Tagalog traditional music.
- Francisco Santiago - kundiman composer from Santa Maria, Bulacan.
- Teodoro Gener - Tagalog poet, writer and novelist who was noted for his works with the Institute of National Language as well (1937–1987) at the time when Tagalog was proposed as basis for the national language. His works include "Duplo't Balagtasan", "Essentials of Tagalog", "Ang Kudlit at Tatas ng Wikang Tagalog" and also translated to Tagalog from Spanish the famous novel "Don Quixote" and of the legal statute "Kodigo Penal", together with Cirilo Hipolito Panganiban.
- Francisco Buencamino - musician and composer from Bulacan.
- Cecile Licad - concert pianist and a descendant of Francisco Buencamino.
- Narcisa Doña Sisang de Leon - film producer for LVN Films who is a Bulacan native from San Miguel.
- Valeriano Hernandez-Peña - author of the first Tagalog novel "Nena at Neneng" (1905) and other Tagalog serials written in "El Renacimiento" in 1904.
- Jesus "Jess" R. Galang - writer and poet. His works include a poem "Dugo ang Pader Sa Pagitan Ng Propiyetaryo't Magsasaka" - adjudged 3rd concolation prize winner in 1989 Timpalak Talaang Ginto Gantimpalang Collantes (Makata ng Taon) of Surian ng Wikang Pambasa (SWP), now Linangan ng Wikang Filipino (LWF).
- Cheche Lazaro - TV Host, chairman and CEO Probe Productions Inc..
- Dely Magpayo ("Tita Dely") - Philippine radio broadcaster.
- Cheryl Cosim (Hagonoy) - news anchor,reporter,radio broadcaster.
Popular culture & entertainment
- Marian Rivera - born Marián Gracia Rivera to Francisco Javier Gracia Alonso, a Spaniard and Amalia Rivera, a Tagalog from Cavite in Madrid, Spain. She is popularly known for her leading roles in groundbreaking TV dramas such as Marimar, Dyesebel, Darna, Amaya and Temptation of Wife.
- Eddie Gutierrez - Philippine actor and former matinee idol. He is married to Anabelle Rama and father of Ruffa, Richard and Raymond Gutierrez who are celebrities in their own right.
- Jolina Magdangal-Escueta - is a famous Filipina singer, actress, model and accessory designer from Hagonoy, Bulacan.
- Mark Escueta - vocalist of the Philippine rock band Rivermaya who hails from Tiaong, Quezon.
- Coco Martin - is a Gawad Urian Award-winning Filipino actor who is a frequent face in independent films.
- Cogie Domingo - Filipino actor and model
- Jasmine Trias - is a Filipino-American singer who won third place in the third season of American idol. She is a descendant of General Mariano Trias, a Philippine revolutionary.
- Angel Locsin - famous Philippine actress, film producer, model and fashion designer. She was nominated for an International Emmy Award for her leading role in the series Lobo. She has Maranao royal ancestry through her mother.
- Bea Alonzo - Filipina actress, singer and model. She starred in several romantic films together with John Lloyd Cruz.
- Toni Gonzaga - Filipina actress, host and singer famous for hosting reality shows like Pinoy Big Brother and The Voice of the Philippines.
- Alex Gonzaga - Filipina actress and TV host. She is the younger sister of famous celebrity, Toni Gonzaga.
- John Lloyd Cruz - Filipino actor and occasional TV host. He began his career as a prominent face in teen-oriented dramas and later on emerged as one of Pihilippine entertainment's biggest stars.
- Regine Velasquez - is a Philippine singer and TV host. Velasquez is the first Asian artist to stage a solo concert at the Carnegie Hall in New York, as part of Carnegie Hall's centennial-year concert series.
- Kyla - s a critically acclaimed Filipino R&B singer-songwriter, record producer, occasional actress and presenter. The promotional video for her song "Hanggang Ngayon" won the 2001 MTV Music Video Awards making her one of the only three Filipino artists to receive such an accolade.
- Ogie Alcasid - born Herminio Jose Lualhati Alcasid, Jr., is a popular and award-winning Filipino singer-songwriter, television presenter, comedian, parodist and actor.
- Bamboo Mañalac - is a Filipino singer-songwriter. He began his career as the vocalist of the popular Philippine rock band, Rivermaya, but later left to start his own called Bamboo.
- Wendell Ramos - is a Filipino actor and model.
- Mark Herras - is a Philippine film and television actor.
- Jennylyn Mercado - is a Philippine actress, singer, songwriter and product endorser.
- Jay Manalo - is a veteran Filipino actor of Tagalog-Vietnamese descent.
- Dennis Trillo - is a Filipino award-winning actor, singer, model and television host notable for taking lead roles in gay-themed films.
- Antonio Aquitania - is a Filipino actor and model.
- Lito Calzado - was a Filipino, actor, director and choreographer.
- Iza Calzado - is a Filipina actress, TV host and model. She is of Irish-Spanish-Tagalog descent. Her father is the late Lito Calzado.
- Ariella Arida - Miss Universe-Philippines 2013 and Miss Universe 2013 3rd Runner-up.
- Franco Laurel - is a Filipino actor and singer. He is one of the great-grandsons of erstwhile President Jose P. Laurel.
- Rico Blanco - is a Filipino singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actor, and entrepreneur.
- Charice Pempengco - international pop singer
- Jake Cuenca - is a Filipino actor and model of Spanish-Tagalog descent. He is also a football player for Team Socceroo FC in the United Football League Division 2.
- Piolo Pascual - is a Philippine actor, model, TV host and record producer. He starred in several groundbreaking movies of different genres.
- Derek Ramsay - is a Filipino-British model, actor, host, and former VJ in the Philippines.
- Eula Valdez - is a Filipina actress, best known for her role in 1980's blockbuster Bagets 1 and 2 and also by playing the iconic "Amor Powers" in Pangako sa ’Yo and "Selina Matias" in the remake of Mula Sa Puso.
- Chynna Ortaleza - is a Philippine actress, model and TV host.
- Victor Basa - is a Philippine actor, model and TV host.
- Rodel Naval - was a well-known Philippine singer-songwriter and actor who died of AIDS in the 1990s.
- Ai-Ai de las Alas - is a Filipino film and TV actress, dubbed as the "Philippine Queen of Comedy" and "Comedy Concert Queen". She was born in San Luis, Batangas.
- Carmina Villaroel - is a Philippine actress, TV presenter and former model from Laguna, Philippines.
- Ariel Rivera - is a Philippine actor and singer-songwriter who worked as an architect in Canada before being scouted during a holiday in the Philippines.
- Lino Brocka - an openly gay director considered to be one of the greatest in the Philippines. His works usually involved LGBT themes. He is a native of San Jose, Nueva Ecija.
- Kim Atienza - is a Filipino TV host, actor, voice actor and weather anchor. He is the eldest son of fomer Manila mayor Lito Atienza and brother of Ali Atienza.
- Gemma Cruz-Araneta - is the first Filipina and Southeast Asian to win the Miss International title in the pageant's fifth edition in Long Beach, California in 1964. She is a descendant of Philippine national hero, José Rizal, through her great-grandmother Doña Maria Mercado. Her mother, Carmen Guerrero Nakpil, is a writer and journalist while her uncle, León María Guerrero III, is a writer and diplomat.
- Eugene Domingo - is a Filipino film and theater actress, comedienne and host.
- Karylle - is a Filipino singer, actress, TV host, dancer, writer, and blogger.
- Zanjoe Marudo - is a Filipino actor and model who hails from Tanauan, Batangas.
- Alfred Vargas - is a Filipino actor and model who also serves as the Representative for the 5th District of Quezon City in the Philippine Congress.
- Diana Zubiri - is a Filipina actress from Bulacan.
- Francine Prieto - is a Filipina beauty queen, actress, fashion model, product endorser, radio DJ, singer, host and former award-winning child star of Norwegian-Tagalog-Chinese descent.
- Eddie Mesa - is a Filipino actor and singer nicknamed "Elvis Presley of the Philippines" due to his impersonation of him.
- Rosemarie Gil - is a Filipino actress.
- Michael de Mesa - is a Filipino film and television actor of Swiss-Spanish-Tagalog descent.
- Gina Alajar - is a FAMAS and Gaward Urian Award winning Filipino film actress and television director. Her paternal grandfather is of Chinese ancestry.
- Ryan Eigenmann - is a Filipino actor whose father, Michael de Mesa, is of Swiss, German, American, Spanish and Tagalog descent and mother, Gina Alajar, is Tagalog-Chinese.
- Goeff Eigenmann - is a Filipino actor notable for his TV performances. He is the younger brother of Ryan Eigenmann.
- Cherie Gil - is a Filipina actress of Swiss, German, American, Spanish and Tagalog descent.
- Gabby Eigenmann - is a Filipino television and film actor, model, singer and host.
- JC de Vera - is a Filipino actor and model.
- Sid Lucero - born Timothy Eigenmann, is a Filipino actor and model who won the 31st Gawad Urian Award for Best Actor.
- Cristine Reyes - a Filipina actress.
- Roxanne Guinoo - Filipina actress from Rosario, Cavite.
- Rocco Nacino - Filipino actor who was born in Baguio City, Benguet, raised in Singapore and whose father hails from Laguna.
- Celia Rodriguez - is a multi-awarded Filipina actress and model from Laguna.
- Joey de Leon - TV host, comedian, singer, songwriter, Host of Eat Bulaga!.
- Michael Copon - is an American actor, model, producer, and singer born to a Tagalog father from Cavite and an American mother of German descent.
- Ryan Agoncillo - is a Filipino film and television actor, model, singer, photographer, and TV host.
- Lydia de Vega - a former athlete of the Philippines who was considered the fastest woman in Asia in the 1980s. She is a native of Meycauayan, Bulacan.
- Paeng Nepomuceno - is a six-time World Bowling Champion Filipino bowler. He was born in Manila, Philippines. The September 2003 issue of the Prestigious Bowlers Journal International named him as the "Greatest International Bowler of All Time."
- Dante Silverio - is a Filipino former basketball coach and former champion race car driver.
- Louie Alas - s a multi-titled Filipino basketball head coach. He is the former head coach of the Letran Knights in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and will soon coach the Philippine Patriots in the ASEAN Basketball League. He was also a former coach of Mobiline from 2000 to 2001 in the Philippine Basketball Association. He is from Unisan, Quezon.
- Arnold Atienza - also known as Ali Atienza, was a gold medalist for the Philippine taekwondo national team in the Asian championships. He is also a politician and newscaster.
- Michael Christian Martinez - is a Filipino figure skater. He placed fifth at the 2013 World Junior Championships. He is also the first skater from Southeast Asia and the tropical zone to qualify for the Olympics and the only athlete to represent the Philippines at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
- Arsenio Laurel - born Arsenio "Dodjie" Laurel, he is the youngest of the nine children of former President Jose P. Laurel. He was a champion race car driver who won twice the Macau Grand Prix.
- LA Tenorio - is a famous Filipino professional basketball point guard who plays for Barangay Ginebra San Miguel who was from Nasugbu, Batangas.
- Erik Spoelstra - is an American professional basketball coach and the current head coach of the National Basketball Association's Miami Heat. He is of Tagalog descent through his mother who was a native of San Pablo, Laguna
- CCP Encyclopedia or Philippine Art, Peoples of the Philippines, Tagalog
- "Tagalog, tagailog, Tagal, Katagalugan". English, Leo James. Tagalog-English Dictionary. 1990.
- Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 59.
- http://www.buzzle.com/articles/list-of-different-ethnic-groups-in-the-philippines.html "Indigenous Ethnic Groups: These include Visayan: The Visayan people are mainly found in the Visayas region and also in some parts of Mindanao. The Visayans speak a large number of dialects that they collectively call the Bisaya language. There more than 33 million speakers of these languages and most of them are Christians. Tagalog: The Tagalog is the most widely spread ethnic group in the Philippines that inhabit Manila, Mindoro, and Marinduque. There are about 22 million speakers of the Tagalog Language that was chosen as the official language of the nation in 1930". Date retrieved 29 DEC 2010.
- Philippines' People
- http://www.filipinoplanet.com/filipino-ethnic-groups.html "Visayan: As of 2010 there are 98 million people in the Philippines. Visayans are the largest Filipino ethnic group making up the majority - about 33 million people. Visayans originally come from the Visayas, the middle section of the Philippines. The language of Visayans is Bisaya, however, there are many languages considered Visayan including Aklanon, Cebuano, Ilonggo and Waray-Waray. Tagalog: There are approximately 25 million Tagalog people in the Philippines. Tagalogs originally settled in Manila which then became the capital of the Philippines. Tagalogs speak Tagalog which was the basis for Wikang Filipino or the Filipino Language. The majority of Tagalogs are Christian. Many Filipino National heroes were of Tagalog descent including Jose Rizal, Emilio Jacinto and Andres Bonifacio." Date retrieved 29 DEC 2010.
- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html Date retrieved 29 DEC 2010.
- "Lowland Cultural Group of the Tagalogs". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. pp. page on the 4th paragraph.
- "Lowland Cultural Group of the Tagalogs". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. pp. page on the 9th and 10th paragraph.
- "Ancient Pinoy entrepreneurs". pilipino-express. 1837. pp. page on the 4th, 5th and 6th paragraph.