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Tagorians or Tagoryans (тагоряне) are a fictional, lizard-like alien race from the Noon Universe created by Strugatsky brothers. Their homeworld is Tagora (Тагора), a planet discovered by the end of the 21st century. An official contact with Tagorians, however, was registered in 2122 AD and a full-scaled diplomatic relationship has been established two years later, as soon as human scientists (led by professor Sugimoto) managed to decode and interpret Tagorian language.
Tagorians are very advanced technologically although they spend over 60% of their scientific resources to predict all possible consequences of inventing every new technology. This is characteristical for Tagorians to pay greatest attention to anything new (and not only in science). It is known that Tagorians have only public transportation and no aviation but also they have a well-developed wired communication network.
At some point, Tagorians engineered a race of non-sentient "pseudo-humanoids". When Earth's explorers first arrived on the planet, they mistook them for a local sentient race.
It is known that aeons ago Tagorians underwent a global genetic enhancement (hence the larva phase), so in some ways they are not the original Tagorians who were a true product of normal evolution. Some believe that the Wanderers were behind that genetic enhancement, but this was never confirmed.
Tagorians and Humans
Tagorians were the first alien race the Mankind made contact with, about eleven years before the official contact with Leoniders. Although this contact promised benefits for both sides, all diplomatic negotiations were cancelled in 2138 after an expedition to EN-9173 system discovered the so-called "Sarcophagus" and the "Stepchildren Case" started. The Tagorians believed that those discoveries indicated that humanity was "tainted" by the Wanderers.
It is mentioned in "An Attempt to Escape" that there is a human resident (or spy) on Tagora. His name is presumably Benny Durov (Бенни Дуров) and he is a progressor working under cover on the planet to study Tagorian technology.