Taguatinga, Federal District
|Administrative Region of
Partial view of the Clock Square in downtown Taguatinga
Localization of Taguatinga in Federal District
|Founded||June 05, 1958|
|• Regional administrator||Marco Aurélio Sousa Bessa|
|• Total||121,34 km2 (4,685 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,000 m (3,000 ft)|
|• Density||18.3/km2 (47/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Postal Code (CEP)||72000-000|
|Area code(s)||+55 61|
By around 1749, near the Córrego Cortado, appeared a small settlement, formed by pioneers and drovers who sought to establish allotments in the Captaincy of Goiás, this was the first landing of the white man in the land of the future city of Taguatinga previously occupied by indigenous macro-Ge linguistic branch, as acroás, the xacriabás, the xavantes, the kayapos, the javaés, etc. However, some of these adventurers settled excited by the possibility of gold and diamonds, near the Cut. On the banks of the same stream was installed the farmhouse Taguatinga, owned by Gabriel da Cruz Miranda. In 1781, the farm Taguatinga was sold to Antonio Couto de Abreu, son of the Bandeirante and Urban Couto e Menezes.
The consolidation of the city took place much later, almost two centuries after this period, mainly generated by large populations attracted by the construction of Brasília.
With the transfer of the capital of Brazil into the country, many workers moved from all regions to build the new capital, however, decided to make his home there too. But how were poor, invaded land and built huts, revealing to a country establishing its rapid development in the reality of poverty in which they lived their population.
To contain the constant invasions on land near the capital, the city Taguatinga was created on June 5, 1958, on land which previously belonged to the Farm Taguatinga. Initially, the city was called "Villa Sarah Kubitschek" but then its name was changed to "Santa Cruz de Taguatinga", leaving only "Taguatinga". Often it is called by locals simply of "Taguá".
A few months after the first residents have moved to Taguatinga, already worked in local schools; hospitals; shops, etc. It was the beginning of settlement then the first satellite city of Brasília.
Taguatinga has developed especially in function of commerce and jobs that its population obtained in Brasília. It became an important commercial center in the Federal District and pole of attraction for the population of nearby cities, harboring large shopping centers. Taguatinga today is one of the richest regions of the Federal District, today being is considered the economic capital of the Federal District.
- "Pesquisa Distrital por Amostra de Domicílios - 2010/2011" (in Portuguese). Codeplan. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
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