Taguig

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Taguig
Highly-Urbanized City
Lungsod ng Taguig
(From top, left to right): Bonifacio Global City, Archdiocesan Shrine of Saint Anne, Taguig City Hall, Napindan Parola, Arca South
(From top, left to right): Bonifacio Global City, Archdiocesan Shrine of Saint Anne, Taguig City Hall, Napindan Parola, Arca South
Official seal of Taguig
Seal
Nickname(s): Metro Manila's ProbinSyudad
Motto: I Love Taguig
Location within Metro Manila
Location within Metro Manila
Taguig is located in Philippines
Taguig
Taguig
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°05′E / 14.550°N 121.083°E / 14.550; 121.083Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°05′E / 14.550°N 121.083°E / 14.550; 121.083
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Taguig City
Incorporated April 25, 1587 (town)
Incorporated December 8, 2004 (city)
Barangays 28
Government[1]
 • Mayor Maria Laarni Cayetano
(Nacionalista)
 • Vice Mayor Ricardo Cruz
(Nacionalista Party)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area[2]
 • Total 45.21 km2 (17.46 sq mi)
Elevation 16.0 m (52.5 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 644,473
 • Density 14,000/km2 (37,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip code 1630 to 1638
Area code 2
Website www.taguig.gov.ph

Taguig (Tagalog pronunciation: [taˈɡiɡ]), officially the City of Taguig[4] (Filipino: Lungsod ng Taguig), is a highly urbanized city located in south-eastern portion of Metro Manila in the Philippines. From a thriving fishing community along the shores of Laguna de Bay, it is now an important residential, commercial and industrial center. The recent construction of the C-5 highway and the acquisition of the Fort Bonifacio development area has paved the way for the cityhood of the municipality. It will also be accessed by the future C-6 Road.

Taguig City lies on the western shore of Laguna de Bay and is bordered by Muntinlupa City to the south, Parañaque to the southwest, Pasay to the west, Cainta and Taytay on the northeast and Makati, Pateros, and Pasig to the north. Taguig River, a tributary of the Pasig River cuts through the northern half of the municipality and Napindan River, also a tributary of the Pasig forms the common border of Taguig with Pasig City.

The city ranked first among Philippine cities in the Ease of Doing Business Index, conducted by the World Bank's International Finance Corporation.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The original 800 farmer-fishermen settlers of the area were good at threshing rice after harvest. Hence they were referred to as "mga taga-giik," and the settlement as "pook ng mga taga-giik." Spanish friar Fray Alonso de Alvarado, together with conquistador Rey Lopez de Villalobos who crossed Pasig River to reach Taguig in 1571 found "taga-giik" difficult to pronounce, and could only produce the word sounding like "tagui-ig." So many mispronouncements later, "tagui-ig" was shortened to the present day "Taguig."[citation needed]

History[edit]

Before the Spaniards came, Taguig was a part of the Kingdom of Tondo ruled by Rajah Soliman. There were also accounts that Chinese settlements were once present in the area as revealed by the recent archeological diggings of various artifacts like cups, plates and other utensils, which bear Chinese characters. This was believed to have originated from China's Ming dynasty.

Taguig was one of the earliest known territories to have been Christianized when the Spaniards succeeded in subjugating mainland Luzon through the Legazpi expedition in 1571. Between the years 1582 and 1583, Taguig was part of the encomienda of Tondo headed by an Alcalde Mayor, Captain Vergara. It was in 1587 when Taguig was established as a separate "pueblo" (town) of the then province of Manila. Captain Juan Basi was its Kapitan from 1587 to 1588. According to records, Taguig had nine (9) barrios then namely, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Hagonoy, Palingon, Sta. Ana, Tipas, Tuktukan, Ususan, and Wawa. Records show that Tipas had once petitioned to become an independent town but was denied by the Spanish government.

During that time, Taguig was accessible via the Pasig River, which was connected to two large bodies of water, the Manila Bay and Laguna de Bay. The population then was estimated to be 800 tributes. The town produced more than enough rice for consumption but had less sugar cane to mill. The men lived through fishing while women wove cotton cloth and "sawali" from bamboo strips.

The people of Taguig were known to have resisted both Spanish and American colonial rule. During that early period of Spanish colonition. Don Juan Basi, "Kapitan" of Taguig from 1587 to 1588, took part in the Tondo Conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Spanish government which failed. Basi was exiled for two years as punishment. When the Katipunan was on its early years, many from Taguig became followers and later joined the uprising. The people of Taguig also joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898.

During the American occupation, they struggled against the forces of General Wheaton under the command of General Pio del Pilar. It was recorded that on February 6, 1898, Filipino forces including Taguig "revolutionarios" dislodged an American position in the hills of Taguig, now a portion of Pateros and Fort Bonifacio. They were defeated eventually by the Americans with superiority in the armaments and training. Taguig finally fell to the contingent of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry led by Col. Wholly.

The defeat of the Filipinos after two years of struggle against the American forces subsequently subjected the Philippines to another system of governance. On August 14, 1898, United States occupied the islands and established a military government with General Wesley Meritt as the First Military Governor. He exercised legislative powers until September 1, 1900.

At the start of American occupation, Taguig was proclaimed as an independent municipality with the promulgation of General Order No. 4 on March 29, 1900. The town was subsequently incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal when the Philippine Commission promulgated Act. No. 137 on June 11, 1901. On October 12, 1903, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Pateros were merged by the virtue of Act. No. 942 with Pateros hosting the seat of the municipal government. The merger did not last long as a month later Muntinlupa was segregated from it and made part of Biñan when Act. No. 1008 was enacted on November 25, 1903. However it was returned to Taguig on March 22, 1905 with the promulgation Act. No. 1308. On February 29, 1908, Taguig was again declared an independent municipality through Executive Order No. 20. Eventually, Pateros separated from Taguig and both became independent municipalities of Rizal province on January 1, 1918.

It was also during the American Colonial Period that the US government acquired a 25.78 km² property of Taguig for military purposes. This large piece of land which had a TCT dated 1902, was turned into a camp and was then known as Fort McKinley (named after the 25th president of U.S. President William McKinley). When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, Fort McKinley was taken over by the Japanese Imperial Army. They occupied the military camp until the end of the war in 1945.

After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US surrendered the Republic of the Philippines all right of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of the military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort William McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of the US Embassy Note No. 0570.

Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio.

The town's political subdivision was changed to barangays following the nationwide implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) in the 1970s when the country was under Martial Law. The IRP has increased its subdivisions into 18 barangays, namely, Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada, Hagonoy, Ibayo-Tipas, Ligid-Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika, Napindan, Palingon, Signal Village, Sta. Ana, Tuktukan, Upper Bicutan, Ususan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan. In the year 2009, Taguig re-organized and re-arranged the barangays making a total of 28, the 10 added being Central Bicutan, Fort Bonifacio, South Daanghari, North Daanghari, San Miguel, New Lower Bicutan, South Signal,Katuparan, North Signal, Pinagsama and Tanyag. On November 7, 1975, Taguig was carved out from the province of Rizal to form the National Capital Region through Presidential Decree No. 824. Today, Taguig is still one of the seventeen (17) cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila.

In 1998, a bill was passed in Congress pushing for the cityhood of Taguig. The resulting plebiscite in April showed that the citizens were against cityhood. A recent petition to the Supreme Court sought a recount of the plebiscite and the Supreme Court on February 19, 2004 ordered the Commission on Elections to conduct a recount. The recount showed that the residents did want the municipality of Taguig to become a city (21,105 'yes' and 19,460 'no'). Subsequently, Taguig became a city on December 8, 2004.

In 2008, the Taguig City council enacted City Ordinances Nos. 24-27, 57-61, 67-69, and 78, Series of 2008 which created ten (10) new barangays, carving them out from the initial 18 barangays. Hence, in December 2008, after a successful plebiscite, Taguig was politically subdivided into twenty eight (28) barangays.

Local government[edit]

Like other cities in the Philippines, Taguig City is governed by a Mayor and Vice Mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The Mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The current mayor for the 2013–2016 term is Ma. Laarni L. Cayetano, the wife of former congressman and now senator Alan Peter S. Cayetano. She currently holds the youngest and 1st female mayor in the City of Taguig. The city mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, totaling nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. Ricardo Cruz, former councilor and Barangay Chairman of Lower Bicutan is the city's incumbent vice-mayor. The Vice Mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 18 members: 8 Councilors from the First District, 8 Councilors from the Second District, the President of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Federation, representing the youth sector, and the President of the Association of Barangay Chairmen (ABC) as barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of Ordinances and Resolutions. Current district representatives of the city are Arnel M. Cerafica, representing the 1st district and Lino Edgardo S. Cayetano, Movie/TV Director and son of late senator Rene Cayetano, representing the 2nd district.

Landmarks and recreation[edit]

  • Fort Bonifacio - The National Headquarters of the Philippine Army and the Marine Bases of the Philippine Navy and Philippine Marine Corps.
  • Bonifacio Global City - One of Metro Manila's fastest growing financial hubs, a 240 hectare world-class business district at the heart of the city, home to upscale shopping centers, hotels, condominiums, offices and international schools.[6]
  • Arca South - the future industrial estate owned by Ayala Land Incorporated, it is one of the largest estates in Metro Manila home to over 300 companies.
  • Food Terminal, Inc. (FTI) - currently called as FTI Special Economic Zone, the business center that boasts of over 300 medium scale companies in food manufacturing, electronics, garments and service industries.
  • Camp Bagong Diwa - The camp is in Lower Bicutan, it is where NCRPO headquarters, prison complex and drug rehabilitation centers are located.
  • Department of Science and Technology - A mini forest and eco-tourism park in Bicutan suitable for camping and bivouac activity. It is the national headquarters of the DOST.
  • Veterans' Museum - A museum where war stories in life-sized tableaus are retold using all forms of art fused with high-end technology.
  • The Blue Mosque - A religious center and a socio-civic rendezvous for both Filipino and foreign Muslims in Maharlika Village.
  • Bantayog ng Bayani - A fitting tribute to the heroes of Taguig during World War II at Fort Bonifacio.
  • Shrine of St. Anne - Built in 1587 in Sta. Ana, one of the Philippines' oldest churches.
  • Iglesia Filipina Independiente - Also known as Aglipayan Church founded June 3, 1903 in Ligid - Tipas, Taguig City. It stands with its Patron Saint, St. John the Baptist.
  • Dambanang Kawayan - A century old church in Tipas made of pure, native bamboo. It was inaugurated as a parish in 1969, comprising barangays Ligid-Tipas, Ibayo-Tipas, Calzada, and Palingon.
  • Museo de Sta. Ana - A museum at the Shrine of St. Anne. The repository of artifacts detailing the rich religious culture and history of Taguig since 1857.
  • Parola - Built in the 17th century, it stands guard at the mouth of Napindan Channel where the Pasig River crosses into the Laguna Lake. It became the secret rendezvous point of the Katipunan as it planned its moves to achieve Philippine Independence. The Parola was chosen by KKK Supremo, Gat Andres Bonifacio, as a meeting place because of its strategic location being the most accessible channel from Tondo, Manila and from the Municipios along the Pasig River and the Province of Laguna.

Education[edit]

International School Manila
Technological University of the Philippines

Taguig City[7] was the home to several prestigious international schools such as the British School Manila, International School Manila, and Manila Japanese School, which are all located in the University Parkway of Bonifacio Global City. The Chinese International School Manila, Enderun Colleges, and Korean International School Philippines are in the nearby area of McKinley Hill.

Other schools in Fort Bonifacio are the Global City Innovative College, Leaders International Christian School of Manila (Christian-based curriculum), Everest Academy Manila (a Catholic-run international school), Victory Leadership Institute, and MGC-New Life Christian Academy.

Two of the top state universities are also in Taguig City—the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and the Technological University of the Philippines. Both universities are located in Bicutan, Taguig City.

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was established through the enactment of "Technical Education and Skills Development Act of 1994", which was signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos. This Act aims to encourage the full participation of and mobilize the industry, labor, local government units, and technical-vocational institutions in the skills development of the country's human resource. The TESDA complex and facilities are located at the East Service Road of the South Luzon Expressway in Taguig City.

The Philippine Public Safety College in Fort Bonifacio is an educational institution offering undergraduate and graduate programs for the training, human resource development, and continuing education of police, fire and jail personnel.

Taguig City has two Islamic educational institutions located in Maharlika Village—the Maharlika Bandara-Inged Integrated School and the Maharlika Village Islamic Madrasa.

Other notable schools in Taguig City are the city-run Taguig Science High School in Hagonoy, Taguig National High School, a state-owned secondary institution in New Lower Bicutan, the Catholic Church-owned Colegio de Sta. Ana (formerly Sta. Ana Parochial School), The Fisher Valley College, a Christian school in Hagonoy, and Saint Francis of Assisi College System, a Catholic school in Bagumbayan.

The Taguig City University started operations in November 2006 with night classes at two of the city's larger secondary schools. Construction of a school building will follow soon at a lot beside Taguig City Hall of Justice in Lower Bicutan. It is now the largest public college in the area. In the auditorium of TCU (Taguig City University) there is the city's musical Kilos Kabataan.[8]

Educational Institutions[edit]

Public - Tertiary
Private - Tertiary
Private International Schools
Private - Elementary/High School

Boundary dispute[edit]

The district of Fort Bonifacio

Makati City and Taguig have recently fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio. This Philippine military base, most of which has been converted to a modern commercial and residential development area, lies in an ambiguous area. A portion of the base, including the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes' Cemetery) and the Manila American Cemetery and Memorial lies within Taguig, while the northern portion where the development center is now located used to be considered part of Makati. A 2003 ruling by a judge in the Pasig Regional Trial Court has upheld the jurisdiction of Taguig over the whole of Fort Bonifacio, including the Fort Bonifacio Global City.

Ruling[edit]

The Supreme Court on June 27, 2008 per Leonardo Quisumbing, dismissed the suit of the Makati City, seeking to nullify Special Patents 3595 and 3596 signed by Fidel Ramos conveying to the Bases Conversion and Development Authority public land in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. Because of a pending civil case filed by the Taguig City government asking the court to define its territorial boundaries, Makati therefore cannot stop Taguig from collecting taxes on land located in Fort Bonifacio.[9][10][11] Taguig City is competing with Makati City where round-the-clock construction of office and residential towers, as well as hotels and retail and commercial areas, BPO and Call Centers are now transferring to Taguig City.

Court of Appeals Decisions[edit]

On August 5, 2013, The Court of Appeals has declared the entire Fort Bonifacio, parts of Western Bicutan and parts of Pinagsama as a part of Makati City[12][13]

Status Quo Prevails[edit]

On August 22, 2013, Taguig City filed a Motion for Reconsideration before the Court of Appeal's Sixth Division affirming its claim on Fort Bonifacio.[14]

"Taguig's claim has the backing of history—it precedes Makati as a political and corporate entity by decades. Taguig's claim has the weight of official authority behind it—in statutes, in proclamations, in public documents—while Makati can only rely on private writings and proclamations that expand the original terms of that which it sought to amend," part of the motion read.

"Taguig's claim has been established by the numerous documentary and official documents, while Makati's has been one characterized by numerous legal maneuvers and overreliance on technicalities," the motion added.

With the filing of the said Motion for Reconsideration, Taguig's jurisdiction forces itself over Fort Bonifacio.

According to Taguig's legal department, jurisprudence and the rules of procedure in the country's justice system all say that the filing of a motion for reconsideration suspends the execution of a decision and puts it in limbo.

Barangays[edit]

Population census
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1975 73,702 —    
1980 134,137 +12.72%
1990 266,637 +7.11%
1995 381,350 +7.42%
2000 467,375 +4.15%
2007 613,343 +3.96%
2010 644,473 +1.66%
Source: National Statistics Office[15]
Map of Taguig's barangays

Taguig City is politically subdivided into 28 barangays. In December 2008, ten new barangays were created in the city after a successful plebiscite by virtue of City Ordinance Nos. 24-27, 57-61, 67-69, and 78, Series of 2008.[16]

First District
Barangay Brgy. Chairman Population (2010)[3]
Bagumbayan Delio J. Santos 33,334
Bambang Jaime Cruz 7,168
Calzada Virgilio E. Maglipon 17,051
Hagonoy Renato Gutierrez 17,975
Ibayo-Tipas Erwin Mendiola 18,744
Ligid-Tipas May Fe Mañosca 7,868
Lower Bicutan Roel Pacayra 45,641
New Lower Bicutan Aurelio S. Padilla 34,897
Napindan Rosanna R. San Pedro 13,354
Palingon Jerome M. Mendiola 11,863
San Miguel Vicente G. Espital 6,731
Santa Ana Conrado Aquino JR 14,879
Tuktukan Arsenio C. De Guzman 8,113
Ususan Marie Marcelino 32,223
Wawa Phillip E. Buenaflor 8,420
  • Parts of Hagonoy became under the jurisdiction of a new barangay San Miguel
  • Lower Bicutan was divided into two, the other one to be known as Barangay New Lower Bicutan
Second District
Barangay Brgy. Chairman Population (2010)[3]
Central Bicutan Jennifer F. Alit 25,514
Central Signal Village Pat Henry A. Duenas 35,752
Fort Bonifacio Wilfredo Sayson 23,144
Katuparan Edgar Victor Bautista 19,376
Maharlika Village Yasser G. Pangandaman 17,781
North Daang Hari Lorenzo O. Fortuno 10,682
North Signal Village Jesus J. Pullente 25,921
Pinagsama Maria Victoria M. Balidoy 23,612
South Daang Hari Ma. Lourdes Pagsisihan 17,220
South Signal Village Michelle Anne Odivilas 34,118
Tanyag Joseph S. Sucaldito 21,161
Upper Bicutan Rosario C. Roldan 39,005
Western Bicutan Nicky C. Supan 72,926
  • Signal Village was divided into four barangays, Central Signal Village (originating barangay), Katuparan, North Signal Village, and South Signal Village.
  • Bagong Tanyag was divided into three barangays, North Daang Hari, South Daang Hari, and Tanyag proper (originating barangay)
  • Parts of Upper Bicutan became under the jurisdiction of a new barangay Central Bicutan
  • Western Bicutan was divided into three barangays, Fort Bonifacio, Pinagsama and Western Bicutan (originating barangay). It is also known as Post North Side and Post South Side in Makati City

Notable People[edit]

Notable Group[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local[edit]

Philippines Bacolod, Negros Occidental[17]
Philippines Naga, Camarines Sur
Philippines Tabaco, Albay[18]
Philippines Vigan, Ilocos Sur[19]

International[edit]

Sister city Country
Dallas, Texas  United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Province: NCR, FOURTH DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 - National Statistics Office
  4. ^ An example of a Web site spelling this city as Tagig (Instead of Taguig).
  5. ^ World Bank Group - Subnational Doing Business
  6. ^ "Bonifacio Global City official website". Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ Taguig city book
  8. ^ Taguig University will have own campus in 2009
  9. ^ manilastandardtoday.com, Court junks Makati’s suit to nullify Ramos patents
  10. ^ supremecourt.gov.ph, Binay v Taguig, G.R. No. 163175, June 27, 2008
  11. ^ inquirer.net, Court rules against Makati in property dispute case
  12. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/320707/news/nation/ca-fort-bonifacio-under-makati
  13. ^ http://www.rappler.com/nation/35667-fort-bonifacio-makati-boundary-dispute
  14. ^ http://www.taguig.gov.ph/taguig-reaffirms-claim-over-fort-bonifacio/
  15. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  16. ^ Taguig City has added 10 new barangays (Positive News Media)
  17. ^ "Council approves sisterhood, twinning with Taguig". SunStar. May 11, 2012. 
  18. ^ "RESOLUTION EXPRESSING INTENTION FOR SISTERHOOD AND TWINNING WITH TAGUIG CITY". Tabaco City.com. March 21, 2011. 
  19. ^ "A RESOLUTION EXTENDING AN INVITATION TO THE CITY OF TAGUIG TO BECOME A SISTER CITY OF VIGAN, ILOCOS SUR". City of Vigan. February 18, 2008. 

External links[edit]