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|City of Tagum|
From top: New City Hall of Tagum, Christ The King Cathedral, Tagum City National High School, Tagum City skyline, Palm trees along the National Highway
Palm City of the Philippines,
City of Festivals,
Music Capital of the South,
City of Golden Opportunities,
The Little Green Singapore of the South,
Tourist Capital of the South,
City of Perfect Harmony,
City of Parks
Map of Davao del Norte with Tagum City highlighted
|Region||Davao (Region XI)|
|Province||Davao del Norte|
|Legislative district||1st district of Davao del Norte|
|Founded||June 23, 1941|
|Cityhood||March 7, 1998|
|• Mayor||Allan L. Rellon (PDP-Laban)|
|• Vice Mayor||Geterito T. Gementiza (Aksyon Demokratiko Party)|
|• Total||195.80 km2 (75.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Dialing code||+63 (0)84|
Tagum (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Tagum; Filipino: Lungsod ng Tagum)is the capital city of the province of Davao del Norte, Philippines. The city is part of the Metropolitan Davao area. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 242,801, making it the most populous component city in Visayas and Mindanao. It is one of top most livable cities in the Philippines, and was one of the finalists in Most Child Friendly City in the Philippines - Component Category with Laoag City, and Talisay, Cebu. It is also once called the Little Green Singapore City in the Philippines because of the green of the nature similar to Singapore. On September 18, 2014, Tagum City held the "Banana Cake Capital of the Philippines" in order to made the largest banana cake not only to declared in the Philippines, but also in the world to be first "The Largest Banana Cake" to be recorded in the Guinness Book of Records next year.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Tourism
- 6 Cultural activities and festivities
- 7 City Seal
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Tagum has a total land area of 19,580 hectares (48,400 acres), which is predominantly agricultural, and produces various kinds of crops like coconut, rice, Cavendish banana, fruit trees and other agricultural crops for non-commercial use.
The city is strategically located at the northern portion of Southern Mindanao and lies in the intersection of three major road network systems namely: the Phil-Japan Friendship Highway, the Davao-Mati-Agusan road and the soon to be completed Davao-Bukidnon road that connects the city to other major destinations in the region and in the rest of Mindanao. With this, the city serves as a vital economic crossroad not only for the province, but for the entire Davao Region as well, linking Davao City to the northern city of Butuan (in Agusan del Norte), to Mati (in Davao Oriental) and the Surigao provinces.
The city is located 55 kilometers north of Davao City, the main economic and administrative center of Region XI. It takes about 1 hour and 30 minutes travel to Davao City. The city lies between 7°26′ N latitude and 125°48' E Longitude. It is bounded by the Municipalities of Asuncion, New Corella, and Mawab on the north, Maco on the east, and B.E. Dujali on the west. Carmen lies on its southwestern borders, while it faces the Davao Gulf directly to the south.
|Barangay||Population (CY 2010)||Area (Hectares)|
Tagum City is typhoon-free due to its location. The city enjoys a weather that remains balmy all year round. It is characterized by a uniform distribution of rainfall, temperature, humidity, and air pressure. It has no pronounced wet or dry season. Weather predictability makes it highly conducive to agricultural production. Temperature ranges from 20 to 32 degrees Celsius and average rainfall is up to 2,000 mm yearly.
|Climate data for Davao, Philippines|
|Record high °C (°F)||42
|Average high °C (°F)||30
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Record low °C (°F)||19
Origin of Tagum
There is no official record as to the origin and meaning of the name Jagum, but a legend explains how the name Magugpo, Tagum City's former name, came about. At the beginning, Magugpo was nothing but a vast wilderness, inhabited by the Mansakas, Manguangans, Mandayas and the Kalagans in the coastal barangays. The name Magugpo was derived from the native word mago, a name of certain tree, and the ugpo means Very high. According to legend, the natives were occupying a river basin inside the thickly covered forest where they could not even see the sun. The creek where the natives dwelt still exists, but the once abundant fresh water is now dead due to pollution.
Early Development in 1920s and 1930s
The first real transformation of Magugpo occurred when the first immigrant, an intrepid pioneer from Moalboal, Cebu, by the name Sulpicio Quirante, came in October 1929. More migrants came from the Visayas and Luzon. These included Cebuanos like Hermogenes Alburo Misa, Don Ricardo Briz and Felix Senanggote; Boholanons like Manuel Baura Suaybaguio, Sr.; Joaquin Pereyras from Pangasinan and Alfredo Pulmano from La Union.
Physical land developments started to emerge when these migrants organized themselves into the Magugpo Homesteaders' Association and bought the homestead of Lolo Mandaya, a native. They subdivided the land into residential lots of 750 square meters each and sold these lots at P1.50 each to newcomers. The amount paid by the buyer also served as membership fee to the association.
In 1932, Engineers Ignacio and Alib, both from Davao City, together with 15 laborers surveyed the trail for the national highway. During those times the only means of transportation from Davao City to Tagum was by boat using the Hijo and Tagum Rivers as its points of entry. This explains why the seat of government was first located at Barangay Hijo, now the Hijo Plantation in Barangay Madaum. Another seat of settlement during was near the river banks of Barangay Pagsabangan, the place where the remains of Datu Bago, the hero of Davao, is buried.
The first physical landmarks of Magugpo were a school building, a teacher's cottage, a rest house and a chapel, all of which were constructed by the Homesteaders' Association in the early 1930s.
Development in the 1940s and 1950s
The 1940s saw the establishment of the Municipality of Magugpo which was created by virtue of Executive Order No. 452, issued by then Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon on June 23, 1941. Before that, Magugpo was merely a district of Davao City. It was made into a regular municipality in 1941 by a bill sponsored by Assemblyman Cesar Sotto, Davao’s representative to the National Assembly.
In 1941 Tagum had its first local civil government under the leadership of Manuel Baura Suaybaguio, Sr. and Sulpicio Quirante. Both were appointed as the first Mayor and Vice Mayor, respectively. Before the infant municipality could take-off, World War II broke out. The war badly damaged the Magugpo settlement. Only five houses were left standing at Magugpo after the liberation. From the rubble, Suaybaguio and Quirante spearheaded the construction of houses, drugstores, stores and a church (which remains on the same site even today). The national government's infrastructure projects such as the Davao Agusan national highway and provincial roads going to Kapalong and Saug paved the way to the influx of more immigrants to the municipality.
The local government of Magugpo was formalized with the holding of the first local election in 1947. Suaybaguio retained his position, gaining a new Vice Mayor in the person of Lucio Berdida.
Significant changes were made such as the renaming of Magugpo to Tagum by virtue of a municipal council resolution. In 1948, Mayor Suaybaguio transferred the seat of government from Hijo to Magugpo Poblacion. The following year the new municipality of Panabo was born. Vice Mayor Berdida who really hailed from the said place was appointed as Panabo's Mayor. This paved the way for Macario Bermudez to become Tagum City's Vice Mayor.
In the 1950s, Tagum experienced many significant changes, not only in the political arena but also in its physical structures. Under the administrations of Mayor Eliseo Villanueva Wakan and Mayor Hermigildo Baluyo, in 1951 and 1955 respectively, the people of Tagum witnessed physical transformations in the town. There was massive construction of roads. The Municipal Hall was constructed and moved to its present site. The Municipal Health Center along Bonifacio St. was also put up. A public market site was donated by the Pereyras family.
In 1954, the boundary between Tagum, Mabini (formerly Doña Alicia) and Compostela was formalized by Republic Act No. 1102, approved June 15. The boundary line between the municipality of Tagum and Doña Alicia is the Dumlan River from the Gulf of Davao to the source of the river and a straight line from said source running northwestward to the concrete monument in the sitio of Libaybay. The Hijo River was considered the boundary between the municipalities of Tagum and Compostela.
Economically, Tagum was slowly becoming a convenient place for traders to exchange products with neighboring municipalities. The booming abaca and coconut industries in the early 1950s contributed significantly to the growth of the local economy. Alongside the economic development, came the establishment of two schools/colleges, Holy Cross College (now St. Mary’s College) and Mindanao Colleges (now the University of Mindanao) which were then the only providers of tertiary education in the province outside Davao City. The presence of these two (2) schools slowly contributed to making Tagum another possible educational center for Davao.
Development in the 1960s and 1970s
Tagum’s role as an important center for various activities was highlighted in 1967. It was a banner year for the municipality because it became the seat of the provincial government of Davao del Norte, when the whole of Davao was finally divided into three (3) provinces: Del Norte, Del Sur and Oriental. Tagum became a capital town, signaling its continued transformation. In the 1971 local elections Baloyo, after 16 years in office, was replaced by Gelacio "Yayong" Gementiza. Fortunately for Gementiza’s administration, the economic losses of the dying abaca sector and the receding importance of the coconut industry were more than off-set by the gains of the emerging banana plantations. Indeed, the banana impetus propelled the total development of Tagum into a bustling metropolis. The once sleepy town became the beehive of business activities in Southeastern Mindanao.
The progressive economy then made it easier for Gementiza’s administration to undertake infrastructure development projects such as the expansion of the municipal hall, concreting of the public market (through loans from the Development Bank of the Philippines), the asphalting of more municipal roads and opening of more barangay roads. In the process, various offices were created: Municipal Engineering Office, Municipal Planning and Development Office, Municipal Assessor’s Office and the Fire Station.
Development in the 1980s
The 1980s were turbulent years for Tagum, politically-speaking. There was a heavy turnover of local officials for various reasons. Tolentino’s administration which started in 1980, was rocked by anomalies, thus forcing him to resign from office 16 months after taking his oath. Tolentino’s resignation led to the appointment of Prospero Estabillo as Mayor and Victorio Suaybaguio, Jr. as Vice Mayor. As a result, there were major changes in the positions of the Council Members.
Like the rest of the nation, Tagum suffered political instability and serious peace and order problems during the first five (5) years of the decade. The EDSA Revolution in 1986 practically changed the political climate. Baltazar Sator who was appointed OIC-Mayor then, was elected as Congressman in 1987. Victorio Suaybaguio, Jr., eventually assumed the leadership of the town after the 1988 election.
In spite of the prevailing political unrest of the early eighties, Tagum continuously enjoyed an expanding economy, though at a slower pace. There might have been a slight slump in the banana industry, but the discovery of abundant mineral resources, specifically gold, in various areas of Davao Province triggered the mini-local economies, not just in Tagum but in the neighboring municipalities as well. Thus, in the later part of the decade, the construction sector grew at an unprecedented pace. Towards the 1990s and onwards, Tagum has been undoubtedly turning itself into a strategic and important growth center in Southeastern Mindanao.
Development in the 1990s
The 1990s have been significant years not only for Tagum, but for the entire Philippine Government bureaucracy. There was a radical change in the system of government through the passage of Republic Act 7160 otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991. By virtue of the said Republic Act, decentralization had taken off. The former centralized form of government became decentralized through devolution. As an effect, local government units (LGUs) were given additional functions, powers, authorities and responsibilities.
Although, the decentralization policy of state was very relevant and vital for local and national development, however, there were also problems and issues that were encountered along the process of its implementation. For Tagum, financial and organizational problems were felt by the local officialdom. This was because the former municipality has broader areas of services with only limited financial and manpower resources. But this situation had been gradually resolved through various revenue raising strategies and grants/aids from the national and foreign funding institutions.
One of the significant accomplishments of the officialdom of Tagum during the 1990s was its elevation from a second to first class municipality. This opened a gateway to increase its financial resources through the Internal Revenue Allocation (IRA) from the national government and local revenues.
This was under the leadership of Hon Victorio R. Suaybaguio, Jr. who sat as mayor Tagum for three (3) consecutive terms (1988–1998).As a matter of fact, during the 1995 election, all incumbent elected officials of Tagum, from Mayor down to the municipal councilors, were unopposed, making a significant event in the political history of Tagum.
The fast urbanization of Tagum from the late '80s to 1990 which was attributed to the mushrooming of business establishments and other commercial activities, increasing population and services and other factors, has caused various problems and needs, like roads, drainage, the increasing numbers of squatters, upscaling trend of traffic congestion in major streets, garbage and sanitation, land use and others. Confronted by this situation, the local government of Tagum engaged into the revision of its Municipal Comprehensive Development Plan (MCDP). This was spearheaded by the Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO) with the assistance from the University College of Architecture Foundation, Inc.(UP ARKI), Manila and the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLRB), Region XI.
The MCDP was approved in December 1993.And during that year, Tagum was the second municipality in Region XI which had an approved Municipal Comprehensive Development Plan.
Tagum had increased the number of its barangays when the division of Barangay Poblacion which is an urbanized barangay of Tagum occurred in 1995. This resulted to the creation of four new barangays, namely, Barangay Magugpo North, Barangay Magugpo South, Barangay Magugpo East and Barangay Magugpo West.
Another important event happened particularly in 1997 was the transfer of public market to the new P60 Million public market which is more than a kilometer away from the old market. The new market was constructed in a seven (7) hectare donated land by the Pereyras family. The said area is also the site of the new Tagum Overland Transport Integrated Terminal (TOTIT) worth P 60 Million and the Livestock Auction Center worth P 2.5 Million.
Foremost of the development of Tagum in 1990s was its conversion into a Component City of Davao del Norte. Congressman Baltazar Sator sponsored House Bill No.7509 in the House of Congress. Prior to its approval, a public hearing was conducted in Tagum by the Committee on Local Government of the House of Congress, chaired by Hon. Congressman Ciriaco Alfelor. The said law passed all the requisites in the House of Congress, resulting to its approval.
Then, Republic Act 8472 “An Act converting the Municipality of Tagum into a City, to be known as the City of Tagum” was passed to the House of Senate through the sponsorship of Hon. Senator Vicente Sotto III.
Cityhood (late 1990s and beyond 2000)
On January 30, 1998, the said Republic Act was signed into law by His Excellency Fidel V. Ramos and it was ratified through a plebiscite in Tagum on March 7, 1998.
The incumbent Municipal Mayor, Hon. Victorio R. Suaybaguio, Jr., who served his last term in the office, became the first City Mayor of Tagum. His incumbency as the first city mayor was only for a short period, however, because he resigned from the office to seek for higher political position. In May 1998 election, Suaybaguio run as Vice Governor in Davao del Norte. By virtue of the law, Arrel R. Olaño, the incumbent City Vice Mayor took over the position as the City Mayor. However, he only served in his capacity as the mayor for short period because he also resigned and sought for higher political position as board member in the provincial government.The famous families in Tagum City are the Boja, Gementiza, Bermudez, Uy, etc.
The next higher in rank in the officialdom was the first city councilor in the person of Hon. Octavio R. Valle. By this capacity, he took over the position as the Vice Mayor and became the Acting City Mayor of Tagum while running as Vice Mayor in the May 1998 election.
The first elected City Officials of Tagum assumed office on July 1, 1998 under the leadership of Mayor Rey T. Uy and Vice Mayor Gerardo R. Racho. In 2001, Uy failed in his reelection bid to Gelacio P. Gementiza, but regained the mayoralty seat in the 2004 elections as Gementiza became provincial governor of Davao del Norte.
The 2007 local elections saw the reelectionists-tandem Uy and Allan L. Rellon pitted against the opposition candidates Meliton D. Lemos and running-mate, Geterito T. Gementiza, with the Uy-Rellon tandem winning by a big margin of votes.
At present, the incumbent local chief executives, with the support of the City Legislative Council and various LGU organizations, initiated political will to forge a new brand of public administration. Mayor Rey T. Uy then replicated some of his management principles and strategies in the corporate world to his local office, with rapid urbanization, improvement of transportation, infrastructure and public facilities, rise of more businesses and improvement of lives amongst Tagumeños. In 2008, due to these improvements, Tagum City became the second First-Class city in Davao Region (next to Davao City) with a combined income of PhP463,476,022.99 as recognized by the Department of Finance and Department of Interior and Local Government.
The 2010 general elections saw again the Uy-Rellon tandem against First District congressman Arrel Olaño and the tandem of Gementiza-Aventurado. Uy and Rellon won by a landslide and were proclaimed days after the said election.
In 2006, Tagum City became the Palm Tree City of the Philippines. It also holds an unofficial record for having the tallest Christmas tree in the Philippines. At 153 feet tall, the stunning structure erected at the Freedom Park at the back of the City Hall rivaled Puerto Princesa City's 100 feet tall Christmas tree. Tagum City is also the home of the world's biggest wooden rosary, made out of ironwood, located at the Christ The King Cathedral, also one of the region's biggest Catholic churches.
Since 1999, Tagum City annually hosts the Musikahan Festival aimed at showcasing the musical talents of Tagumeños, Mindanaoans and Filipinos in general, draws thousands of visitors both locally and internationally. Currently, the city is the only one in the Philippines to have a direct joint agreement with Venezuela for cultural exchange, in line with the 11th Musikahan sa Tagum in 2011, thus supporting the City's claim as The Cultural Center of Mindanao, and as affirmed by the University of the Philippines Diliman College of Music and College of Arts and Letters.
Tagum City hosted three major national competitions in 2010, to wit, the National English Jazz Chants Festival, the National Schools Press Conference and the 9th Musikahan Festival. The 3rd International Rondalla Festival, the first international competition Tagum City hosted in 2011, implanted the city into the roster of cultural hubs in Southeast Asia.
In recognition for the City's efforts in strengthening literacy in the region, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) will confer the Honourable Mention for the King Sejong International Literacy Prize to the City Literacy Coordinating Council of Tagum for its “Peace Management Literacy and Continuing Education through Night Market” programme.
Vice Mayor Allan L. Rellon succeeded Uy as the City Mayor during the 2013 Midterm elections, with Geterito "Boyet" T. Gemetiza succeeding Rellon's earlier post.
|Population census of Tagum|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Tagum, from being a predominantly agricultural area, has become Mindanao's fastest-rising urban city due to its strategic location, being in the crossroads between the rural areas of Davao del Norte and Compostela Valley and the urban Metro Davao. Blessed with a developed infrastructure, the city manages to export goods like wood chips, veneer plywood, and wood lumber. Fresh bananas, however, remain as the chief export product.
Thanks to the influx of people from the countryside of Davao del Norte and Compostela Valley the rise of human resources has helped a lot in the revenue generation of the city.
Tourism has also become of the city's main economic powerhouse lately. With fifteen festivals in the city's calendar, small and medium entrepreneurs, or SMEs, and the transportation sector have benefited with the rapid influx of domestic and international visitors visiting the various festivals in the city.
The notable growth of Tagum Cooperative being one of the best cooperative in the Philippines with a membership of 83,378 from the City and the neighboring towns and city within the region clearly signifies the city's financial standing and capabilities.
Due to improvements of infrastructure, 49 cities and municipalities all over the country from as far north as the town of Aguinaldo in Ifugao province and farther south, the town of Bongao in Tawi-tawi province, had sent Lakbay Aral tour officials to Tagum.
Also, students from different schools and universities in the region have conducted study tours and field trips in the City, due to the diversity of its tourist spots, accessibility in transport and high security standards.
The fourteen festivals held around the year also bring tourists, both locally and internationally, to the City, most notably during the Musikahan season (the 2010 celebrations coincided with the city's hosting of the National Schools Press Conference), Durian Festival, Christmas celebrations and the New Year celebrations, where people from nearby Davao City witness the 30-minute fireworks show, as their City Government prohibit the firing of any form of fireworks so as to avoid casualties; the 30-minute fireworks are held in Briz District and can be clearly seen at Poblacion, Magdum, Visayan Village and Canocotan.
Aside from that, people from neighboring municipalities and provinces visit Tagum City for commercial, business, civil and personal purposes, as the city now hosts major amenities and services that ease up congestion in Davao City. This rate will increase toward the end of this year as more commercial establishments are being constructed in the city, notably malls, hotels, restaurants and public facilities.
Cultural activities and festivities
There are now 16 festivals celebrated in Tagum City, within the initiative of the City Tourism Council. The goal of these festivals is to showcase and develop the skills, talents and capabilities of all sectors in the population, which makes Tagum City the "City of Festivals".
Tagum City celebrated the first Banana Cake Festival last September 18-19, 2014. Most notably, Tagum City has been known as the Music Capital of Mindanao for its Musikahan Festival, focusing on musicians of all ages from the different regions of Mindanao and of the whole Philippines, which starts on February, making it "The First Festival of Davao Region". The City also has been the first and the only city in the whole Philippines so far to openly support the LGBT community through the Binuhat Festival.
- Musikahan sa Tagum
- Musikahan Festival is Tagum City's signature festival, a distinct cultural event that celebrates the Filipino excellence in musical composition, performance and production, the end goal of which it to provide the youth with more opportunities to excel in the music industry and the Filipino musical culture. The annual festival engenders a vision of a fairer and brighter future for the youth through the enhancement of skills in arts and in building creative pathways for gainful employment specially for the out-of school youth. Through the City Ordinance No. 237 series of 2007, Musikahan sa Tagum Festival is celebrated every February 21 to 27. In 2010, the competitions have reached the national level, catering contestants as far as Ilocos Region. 2011 marks the breakout of the Musikahan Festival in the international scene, as the festival coincides with the city's hosting of the 3rd International Rondalla Festival, with participants for both festivals coming from the Asian, European and American continents.
- Araw ng Tagum
- Tagum City commemorates its establishment as a city in the annual Araw ng Tagum celebration every March 7. For the 2010 celebrations, the city has prepared a weeklong celebration for the Araw ng Tagum that is a continuation of the celebrations started during the Musikahan and the NSPC hosting.
- Summer Sports Festival
- (May 15–21) An eco-adventure and urban challenge promoting the advocacy on the call to care our environment through sports in celebration of the Earth Day, Ocean Month, and Environment Month every April, May and June respectively. The festival is held in the month of May. Also part of the festival is the "XTreme Gay-mes", a sports competition for the gay community of Tagum.
- Durian Festival
- (July 18-August 17) It is a festival celebrated during the month of September up to October that gathers the Durian Growers from the province of Davao del Norte and Compostela Valley and convene in the City of Tagum provide and offer the lowest rate of Durian fruits for the consumers. During the festival celebration, several cultural presentations are showcased nightly to give entertainment to the people around taking good times with the Durian fruits.
- Binuhat Festival
- (July 20–26) The City Tourism Council had initiated the Binuhat Festival designed for the gay community, respectfully called by Tagumeños as "Binuhat" or "Creations". Binuhat Festival is one of the festivals being prepared thoroughly since the start of the year in order to give enjoyment to the people and the opportunity to the gays to show their talents and skills in all sort of activities prepared for them.
- Kaimonan Festival
- (October 10) The word "kaimonan" means gathering. Kaimonan Festival is a gathering of the four dominant tribes in Tagum City, Mansaka, Mandaya, Kalagan and Dibabaon to celebrate a bountiful harvest and to give thanks to their God known as "Magbabaya". This celebration showcasing different rituals, tribals songs and dances such as Courtship "Pagkinarimay", Wedding "Pagbaroy", Birth "Pagka-otaw", Abduction " Pagkamang sang Utaw", Rescue "Pagluwas, Pangapog "Offering" and War dance "Pagpangayaw". Kaimonan Festival has started five years ago since 2003. It is celebrated every 10th day of the month of October. This is in accordance with the Republic Act 8371 known as IPRA (Indigenous Peoples Rights Act) Law that upholds, promote, develop and preserve the culture and tradition of the Indigenous People as reflected in chapter 6 section 29 of the said law.
- Pakaradjan Festival
- (October 29 – November 2) This is a unique and special gathering of dominant Muslim tribes in Tagum City, such as the Ka'gans (original settlers), Maranaos, Maguindanaos, Iranons and Tausogs showcasing their cultural talents in playing Kulintang (music instrument) and traditional dances with a common goal of preserving and promoting their beliefs and traditions. It is a celebration of music, dances and cultural presentation with the beat and rhythm of Kulintang, Dobakan and Agong.
- Indayog sa Tagum Dance Congress Festival
- A festival gathering of dance performers, choreographers, directors and educators from all over Mindanao to celebrate the dance arts and culture ranging from traditional, folk to contemporary expressions and scenario and shall features performances, competitions and lecture-demonstrations.
- Halal Food Festival
- A showcase of the Muslim delicacies prepared through the right Halal rituals and rules.
- Feast of Christ the King Celebrations
- (3rd Sunday of November) In celebration of Tagum City's patron, the Christ the King, the celebrations last for three days, starting in the Triduum until the Feast Day, which falls on the third Sunday of November, the last Sunday in the Catholic Ordinary Time before Advent.
- Christmas Celebrations
- (December) In preparation of Christmas, the City Government of Tagum prepares decor-attractions for Tagumeños and its visitors to adore and behold, such as lanterns, lights and facades. The climax of these decor-attractions is the Christmas tree in Freedom Park. Each year, the design and the height of the tree varies; in 2006, Tagum City recorded the tallest Christmas tree in the Philippines with a height of 153 ft, and in 2007, the Christmas tree was uniquely designed after the seal of the City of Tagum. 2009's Christmas tree was a reprise of 2006's design. while 2010's was of a six-sided "parol" tree. Culminating the celebrations is the grand, 30-minute Fireworks Display at Magugpo East, along the National Highway, where Tagumeños and residents from nearby localities, especially those from Davao City, flock to celebrate the arrival of the New Year. Musicians, mostly pop and classical, from across the region also hold a concert hours before the countdown. This has become a tradition in Tagum that attracts tourists every year.
The City Seal uses a classic "crest-and-ribbon" style with a golden crest that symbolizes the golden image of the city reflected in its gold trade industry.
Emblazoned also in the crest are the symbols of the agricultural products of the city, including the cut-flower industry. The other products shown are durian, banana and coconut.
On the lower-right side are the interlocking gears that symbolize the city's leap into modernization evident in the boom in infrastructure, trade and commerce.
The brown lines inside the crest symbolize the points of the compass; as a trade center of products, Tagum City is the main commercial hub of the gold and agriculture industry of Northern Davao and also of Mindanao.
Finally, the words "City of Tagum, Province of Davao del Norte" inside a green and a brown ribbon proclaim the city's pride in its people and its land.
Tagum City is known for its successful literacy program in schools spearheaded by the Project REY (Reading Empowers Youth) Project and the leadership of the LGU in education-related activities. The City Government is also known for their school construction projects, known as "LGU Type" buildings, built to improve the school facilities in Tagum City, in general. Most notable schools with these construction projects are Tagum City National High School, Davao del Norte Pilot Central School and Tagum City National Comprehensive High School.
With these, Tagum City won as National Champion (Component City Category) in the Search for the Most Outstanding LGU in the Implementation of the National Literacy Program in the year 2001. In addition, in the years 2004 and 2005, Tagum City ended as 2nd Place Winner in the National Level (Component City Category) Search for the Most Outstanding LGU in the Implementation of the National Literacy Program.
Tagum City has been chosen by the Department of Education as the host for the National Schools Press Conference on February 2010, with all public schools housing all participants while two private schools are commissioned as contest areas for writing, layout and scriptwriting events.
Tagum City has 22 colleges, 12 high schools and 35 primary institutions offering elementary education.
- University of Mindanao, (Central and Visayan Village Campus) - Tagum City (UMTC)
- University of Southeastern Philippines (USEP) - Tagum-Mabini Campus (Tagum Unit)
- Academia de Davao (Davao Academy)
- ACES Tagum College (ATC) - (Main Campus)
- AMA Computer Learning Center Tagum Campus (ACLC)
- Arriesgado College Foundation Inc.(ACFI)
- Colegio de Capitolio
- Computer Innovation Center (CIC)
- Davao North Phillippine Institute of Technology Foundation
- Liceo de Davao - Tagum City (LDD)
- Magugpo Institute of Technology
- Narisma Computer Literacy
- North Davao College Tagum Foundation (NDC Tagum City - Main Campus)
- Philippine Institute of Technical Education (PITE)
- Queen of Apostles College Seminary (QACS)
- Sandugo Institute of Technology (SIT)
- St.John Learning Center of Tagum City
- St. Mary's College of Tagum (SMC)
- St. Michael Technical School
- St. Therese Driving School
- St. Thomas More School of Law and Business;
- STI Tagum
- Tagum Longford College (TLC)
- Tagum City College of Science and Technology Foundation Inc. (Tagum City Technological College)
- Tagum Doctors College, Inc. (TDCI)
- Tagum National Trade School
Public high schools
- Busaon National High School (BNHS)
- Davao del Norte National Science High School (under construction)
- Canocotan National High School (proposed)
- La Filipina National High School (LFNHS)
- Laureta National High School (LNHS)
- Jose Tuason Jr. Memorial National High School (JTJMNHS)
- Pagsabangan National High School (PNHS)
- Pipisan Maug National High School (PMNHS)
- Suaybaguio-Riña National High School (SRNHS)
- Tagum City National Comprehensive High School (TCNCHS)
- Tagum City National High School - Main Campus (TCNHS)
- Tagum City National High School - Canocotan Extension
- Tagum National Trade School (TNTS) / Tagum City Trade School (TCTS)
Private high schools
- Arriesgado College Foundation Inc. (ACFI)
- Assumpta School of Tagum (AST)
- Liceo de Davao (LDD)
- Maximo Mirafuentes Academy (MMA)
- San Lorenzo Ruiz Academy of Tagum (SLRAT)
- Sto. Nino College of Science and Technology
- St. Mary's College of Tagum (SMC)
- Tagum Longford College (TLC)
- University of Mindanao - Tagum City (UMTC)
Elementary and/or primary education
Public elementary schools
- Apokon Elementary School
- Babanganan Elementary School
- Bincungan Elementary School
- Busaon Elementary School
- Cabugan Elementary School
- Catalan Elementary School
- Col. Rosario Saludares Elementary School
- Cuambogan Central School
- Davao Del Norte Pilot Central School (formerly Magugpo Pilot Central School)
- Don Ricardo Briz Central School
- Garinan Elementary School (Demolished)
- Herculina Lanzarotte Edig Elementary School
- Ignacio Xavier A. Tuason Elementary School (formerly Odell Elementary School)
- La Filipina Elementary School
- Laureta Elementary School
- Liboganon Elementary School
- Luis A. Lina Elementary School
- Madaum Central School
- Magugpo Pilot Imelda Elementary School
- Mangga Elementary School
- Mankilam Elementary School
- New Balamban Elementary School
- New Visayan Village Central School
- Nueva Fuerza Elementary School
- Pagsabangan Elementary School
- Pandapan Elementary School
- Jose Rizal Elementary School I
- Jose Rizal Elementary School II
- San Agustin Elementary School
- San Isidro Elementary School
- Suaybaguio-Riña Elementary School
- Tagum City Science Central Elementary School (soon to operate)
- Union Elementary School
Private elementary schools
- Assumpta School of Tagum (AST)
- Bethel UCCP Learning Center
- Center for Innovative School
- Liceo De Davao
- Makabayan Christian School
- Mary Immaculate Child Development Academy - The Kiddie Math Science Grade School
- St. Joseph Learning Institute of Medical & Sciences
- St. Lorenzo Ruiz Academy (SLRA)
- St. Mary's College of Tagum (SMC)
- Sto. Niño College of Science and Technology Inc.
- Sunbeam Elementary School
- Tagum Fellowship Baptist School of Tomorrow
- Tagum Fundamental Baptist Academy
- Tagum Longford College (TLC)
- Tagum SDA Elementary School
- The United Methodist Children's Learning Center
- University of Mindanao - Tagum City (UMTC)
- Tagum Chinese-Filipino School
Tagum City, being in broadcast range from television and cable stations based in Davao City, has no indigenous media industry until 2005, when Manila Broadcasting Company started airing as Radyo Natin Tagum. Four radio stations started airing after the local media explosion in 2007. Another radio station, 100.7 Radio Veritas FM, started airing in the waves by January 2010.
Aside from the said five radio stations, Tagum City has four AM Stations, several local tabloids and newspapers and one local cable channel.
The LGU also supports in the information campaign through the City Information Office, publishing annual magazines and managing the City Government's web portal, where news, visuals, photos, videos and forums are posted.
There are 38 sister cities in Tagum as designated in Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Province: Davao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Davao, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- The Official Website of the City Government of Tagum - About Tagum City LGU|Tagum City Profile
- "An Act Fixing the Boundary Line Between the Municipality of Tagum and the Municipalities of Doña Alicia and Compostela, Province of Davao". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
- City Information Office. "UNESCO lauds Tagum's literacy programs; Int'l prize to be awarded in India Sept 8". Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- "Province of Davao (Del Norte)". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- The Official Website of the City Government of Tagum - About Tagum City|Tagum City Profile
- Musikahan sa Tagum 2010|Musikahan Festival
- Tagum City Tourism - Summer Sports Festival|Summer Sports Festival
- Tagum City Tourism - Durian Festival sa Tagum City|Durian Festival
- Tagum City Tourism - Durian Festival sa Tagum City|Binuhat Festival
- Tagum City Tourism - Indayog Festival|Indayog Festival
- Tagum City Tourism - Christmas Celebration|Christmas Celebrations
- tagumdavao.com - de beste bron van informatie over tagumdavao. Deze website is te koop!|Tagumeños Welcome 2011 with a Bang
- The Official Website of the City Government of Tagum - About Tagum City LGU|The Official Website of the City of Tagum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tagum City.|
- Official website of the City Government of Tagum
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Santo Tomas||Asuncion / New Corella||Mawab, Compostela Valley|
|Braulio E. Dujali
|Maco, Compostela Valley|
|Davao Gulf||Davao Gulf / Mabini, Compostela Valley|