|Shah Tahmasp II|
|Shahanshah of Persia|
Coin minted during the reign of Tahmasp II
|Titles||Shahanshah, Sahib-i-Qiran, Sultan bar Salatin|
|Place of death||Sabzevar|
Tahmasp was the son of Sultan Husayn, the Shah of Iran at that time. When Husayn was forced to abdicate by the Afghans in 1722, Prince Tahmasp wished to claim the throne. From the besieged Safavid capital, Isfahan, he fled to Tabriz where he established a government. He gained the support of the Sunni Muslims of the Caucasus, as well as several Qizilbash tribes (including the Afshars, under the control of Iran's future ruler, Nader Shah). Tahmasp also eventually gained the recognition of both the Ottoman Empire and Russia, each worried about the other gaining too much influence in Iran. Even the Mughal Grand Vizier Asaf Jah I is known to have acknowledged support for Tahmasp II, in the imperial court of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.
By 1729, Tahmasp had control of most of the country. He was deposed by the future Nader Shah in 1732 in favor of his son, Abbas III; both were murdered at Sabzevar in 1740 by Nader Shah's eldest son Reza-qoli Mirza.
- Newman, Andrew J. (2008). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–281. ISBN 9780857716613.
- Babaie, Sussan (2004). Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–218. ISBN 9781860647215.
- Roemer, H.R. (1986). "The Safavid period". The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Timurid and Safavid periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–351. ISBN 9780521200943.
- Lawrence Lockhart, Nadir Shah (London, 1938)
- The Armenian Rebellion of the 1720s and the Threat of Genocidal Reprisal, Armen Ayvazyan, Yerevan 1997
|Shah of Persia
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