Tahmasp II

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Shah Tahmasp II
Shahanshah of Persia, Sahib-i-Qiran, Sultan bar Salatin[1]
Persia, scià thamasp II, decuplo afshari d'oro, 1722-1732.JPG
Coin minted during the reign of Tahmasp II
Reign 1729–1732
Predecessor Ashraf Khan
Successor Abbas III
House Safavi
Father Sultan Husayn
Born 1704
Died 11 February 1740
Sabzevar

Tahmasp II (1704? – 11 February 1740) was one of the last Safavid rulers of Persia (Iran).

Biography[edit]

Tahmasp was the son of Sultan Husayn, the Shah of Iran at the time. When Husayn was forced to abdicate by the Afghans in 1722, Prince Tahmasp wished to claim the throne. From the besieged Safavid capital, Isfahan, he fled to Tabriz where he established a government. He gained the support of the Sunni Muslims of the Caucasus, as well as several Qizilbash tribes (including the Afshars, under the control of Iran's future ruler, Nader Shah). Tahmasp also eventually gained the recognition of both the Ottoman Empire and Russia, each worried about the other gaining too much influence in Iran. Even the Mughal Grand Vizier Asaf Jah I is known to have acknowledged support for Tahmasp II, in the imperial court of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

By 1729, Tahmasp had control of most of the country. He was deposed by the future Nader Shah in 1732 in favor of his son, Abbas III; both were murdered at Sabzevar in 1740 by Nader Shah's eldest son Reza-qoli Mirza.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Preceded by
Ashraf Khan
Shah of Persia
(Safavid Dynasty)
1729–1732
Succeeded by
Abbas III