Tahmoor, New South Wales
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New South Wales
Bargo River, original crossing place south of Tahmoor
|Population||4,505 (2011 census)|
|Location||90 km (56 mi) SW of Sydney CBD|
When the new Main Southern Railway line opened in 1919, it included a railway station named Tahmoor. This name was contested by a local businessman, who wished to establish a town called Bronzewing Park, but his claim was rejected. The town had recently been named "Tahmoor", a local Aboriginal word for the common bronzewing, (Phaps chalcoptera) a native pigeon often seen in the area.
The Bargo River passes just south of the town; the Bargo River Crossing on the Great South Road was so notoriously difficult for travellers, causing many delays and accidents,[n. 1] that it has even passed into Australian folklore, in the form of the song Stringybark and Greenhide
'If you travel on the road, and chance to stick in Bargo,
To avoid a bad capsize, you must unload your cargo;Take a bit of green hide, and hook another horse on.'
For to pull a dray about, I do not see the force on,
The uncleared scrub ('brush') on the opposite bank was known as the Bargo Brush, and was much feared as the haunt of escaped convicts turned bushranger. The road through the Bargo Brush was often all but impassible, as this letter of 1861 attests:
I have just travelled through the Bargo Brush, on the Great Southern Road, but such a road, I unhesitatingly say, never existed in any other civilised or uncivilised part of the world. Dr. Leichhardt met with nothing like it on his overland journey to Port Essington ; nor did Bruce, in his travels in Abyssinia ; nor did Mungo Park, or Dr. Livingstone, in their travels in the interior of Africa.
To give any thing like a graphic description of the state of the road would be impossible. For about twenty miles it is a succession of pits and bogs, and holes of every kind, and in order to prevent the escape of any of the unfortunate travellers into the bush, a ditch has been cut on both sides of the road, so that they are as well secured (although not so safe) as they would be on a treadmill. Every thing that nature and art could do to render a road impassable and dangerous, has been done on the Great Southern Road. Although I have had two days rest since I returned home, I still feel appalled at the dangers I have encountered, and most grateful to Providence for my preservation of both life and limb. My friend and I, who travelled together in a gig determined that we would spare no time or pains in exploring - so as to perform (what appeared to be a miracle) - the getting through this slough of pits and bogs, without breaking a bone of man or beast, or the shafts or springs of our gig. For this purpose one led the horse and the other walked ' before, to explore and take soundings of the pits, bogs, &c.
At times we were fairly brought to a stand-still, on account of the almost unfathomable holes, and the great number of drays, &c, deeply embedded in the slough. The poor carriers appeared to be at their wits' end. I have never seen such a fine set of strong, healthy fellows so dead beat as were the carriers on this road. And I shall never forget their kindness in assisting us in our difficulties. But for I them our horse and gig would have become a wreck on the Great Southern Road, and, probably, little more than the whip would have been visible to act as a beacon to warn travellers not to approach it. On, one occasion, when we had got deeply bogged, I asked a man, who was at the time hard at work with a spade digging his dray out of a bog, to come and as assist us. He immediately came, and also another man, with whose help we saved the life of our horse. Twice our horse got bogged up to the belly, notwithstanding the utmost precautions we could use, and on one occasion broke a shaft, which we had to splice in the best we could with the reins, some straps, and saplings. One of the mail-driven told us that one of his wheelers had sunk to the hips, and was I with difficulty drawn out by the remainder of the team. He said he had been twenty-two hours in coming thirty-two miles, and that nothing should induce him to continue driving by night on such a dangerous road.
In time, increasing numbers of orchardists and dairy farmers needed to send their produce more safely to local railheads. These factors all hastened the construction of a road bridge (1898) and diversion of the Main South Line from further westwards (1919), to pass through this area.
The town today
Tahmoor has a population of 4,505, including 183 (4.1%) indigenous persons and 3,712 (82.4%) Australian-born persons.
As part of its town and community planning strategies, determined to make Tahmoor-Picton precincts the shopping 'hubs' and service centre for the Wollondilly Shire. The present town has three major supermarkets, two of which are located in separate shopping centres, one being the older original Tahmoor Shopping Village and the other in the newer Tahmoor Town Centre. In addition to these there are a variety of small businesses, an expanding medical and dental centre, along with two prominent fast-food outlets, some take-aways and restaurants. Sadly many businesses struggle to survive with low custom and poor weekend traffic. Tahmoor like Picton has a Chamber of Commerce which supports community based projects.
Schools include Tahmoor Public School (http://www.tahmoor-p.schools.nsw.edu.au, catering for Kindergarten to year 6, with a special needs department for local children) and Wollondilly Anglican College, an independent school serving students from Kindergarten to Year 12. Secondary students also attend the nearby Picton High School and other schools in the adjacent Campbelltown and Southern Highlands regions.
Industry, employment and transport
The Tahmoor Colliery, located to the south in North Bargo, is an important employer in the town and surrounding area, as is Ingham's Enterprises, who operate a poultry processing plant. The supermarkets and small retail businesses also provide considerable employment, especially for part-time and casual staff.
Tahmoor has sporting fields, a skate and BMX park, a community function centre owned by the Country Women's Association, and a Rural Fire Service. The original location of the Bushfire Brigade (as it was then known) was an old hay shed, which was donated to the brigade. Donations have helped the Brigade to upgrade its facilities to the present standard.
The official soccer team of Tahmoor is the Tahmoor Taipans which compete in the Macarthur District Soccer Football Association League. The team's home ground is Tahmoor Oval.
- 19th century graffiti cut into the stone bed of the river, perhaps by waiting travellers, can still be seen at this location.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tahmoor (state suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Local historian's website
- Reed, A.W. 1973. Place Names of Australia. ISBN 0-589-07115-7. Reed notes that the name was also the name 'given to his residence by James Crispe.'
- "Tahmoor". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
- Bayley, Main Line Railway, pp 8-11
- Letter from Thomas Holt Sydney Morning Herald, 13 February 1861
- Edwards, R. 1991. Great Australian Folk Songs Ure Smith. ISBN 0725408618 p. 354
- Bayley, Main Line Railway pp 8-11
- Sydney Morning Herald 13 February 1861
- Local historian's website
- Bayley, Main Line Railway pp 23-27
- Wollondilly Shire Council
- Shire Economic Development Plan.
- Tahmoor Public School
- Picton High School
- Tahmoor Taipans
- Kiah Ridge Conference Centre
- Baptist Church
- Historical picture of colliery
- Power station located in colliery
- Strike by miners in Feb 2010
- Tahmoor Chamber of Commerce
- Southern Highlands Heritage Drives : R.T.A pamphlet