Ayran

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Ayran
Fresh ayran.jpg
Fresh Susurluk Ayranı with a head of froth
Alternative names
Laban
Main ingredients
Yogurt, water
Cookbook:Ayran  Ayran

Ayran is a cold yogurt beverage mixed with salt.[1] In addition to Turkey, where it is considered a national drink, ayran is found in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, the Balkans, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, and across the Caucasus.[2]

Ayran is served chilled and often as an accompaniment to grilled meat or rice,[3] especially in the summer months.[4][5]

Similar beverages include the Iranian doogh, but yogurt drinks are popular beyond the Middle East region—ayran has been likened by some to the South Asian lassi.[6]

History[edit]

It is thought that ayran was first developed thousands of years ago by the Göktürks, who would dilute bitter yogurt with water in an attempt to improve its flavor.[4]

Contemporary ayran[edit]

Ayran is ubiquitous in Turkey and offered at almost all places that serve drinks, including even chain fast-food restaurants, such as McDonald's and Burger King.[7]

The town of Susurluk is well known in Turkey for its ayran, which characteristically has a foamy head and creamy taste.[8][9]

See also[edit]

Similar beverages

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. Y. Tamime (ed.) (2008). Fermented Milks. John Wiley & Sons. p. 124. ISBN 9781405172387. 
  2. ^ For popularity in the Balkans, see Leslie Strnadel, Patrick Erdley (2012). Bulgaria (Other Places Travel Guide). Other Places Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 9780982261996. and in Central Asian countries
  3. ^ "Turkish Buttermilk". www.kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Yildiz Fatih (2010). Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products. CRC Press. pp. 123 & 125. ISBN 9781420082081. 
  5. ^ Gina Husamettin. "Ayran – Turkish national beverage". balkon3.com. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Heyhoe, Kate. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
  7. ^ For ayran at Turkish McDonalds, see "İçecekler: Ayran (250 ml)". McDonalds Turkey. Anadolu Restoran İşletmeleri Ltd. Şti. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Fame of foamy ayran goes beyond borders". Hürriyet Daily News. Hürriyet - Doğan Yayın Holding. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "City Guide > Balıkesir > Don't Leave Without". kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013.