Tai Mène language

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Tai Mène
Native to Thailand, Laos
Native speakers
7,200  (1995 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tmp
Glottolog taim1250[2]

Tai Mène is a Tai language of Laos. It is similar to Saek according to Ethnologue.

History[edit]

The Mène people claim to be from Xieng Mène (also Xieng My) in Vietnam. These two names correspond to the following two towns in Nghệ An province, Vietnam, located near Quỳ Châu (Chamberlain 1998).

  • Xiếng Líp: located at the Nam Lip and Nam Chou (Houay Cha Ha) confluence, near the Cha Ha and Nam Ngoen (Ngân) confluence (which converge to form the Nam Souang or Houay Nguyên).
  • Bản Pốt: located further east on the Nam Ngân.

Related languages[edit]

Tai Mène appears to be related to Tai Pao (paaw 4 < *baaw A), whose speakers claim to have originated from Tương Dương District, Nghệ An province, Vietnam (Chamberlain 1991). Tai Mène or related languages may have also been spoken in Thường Xuân District, Thanh Hóa, Vietnam by a people known as the "Yo" (Robequain 1929).

Distribution[edit]

Tai Mène is spoken in Borikhamxay Province, in many villages of Khamkeut District and several villages in Vieng Thong District (Chamberlain 1998). The Vietic languages Liha, Phong, Toum, Ayoy, Maleng, and Thaveung are spoken nearby.

  • Lak Xao subdistrict: Ban Phon Hong, Ban Houay Keo
  • Khamkeut subdistrict: Ban Phon Sa-at, Ban Phon Meuang Noy
  • Na Heuang subdistrict: Lak 10, Lak 12, Na Khi
  • Nam Sak subdistrict: Ban Phon Ngam, Ban Sop Khi
  • Sop Chat subdistrict: Ban Sop Chat, Ban Sop Mong, Ban Phon Keo, Ban Sène Sy, Ban Tham Bing, Ban Phiang Pone
  • Ka'ane subdistrict: Ban Thène Kwang, Ban Pha Poun, Ban Phiang Phô, Ban Sane, Ban Kok Feuang
  • Phon Thoen subdistrict: Keng Kwang, Ban Kătô', Ban Kane Nha, Ban Keng Bit, Ban Sop Gnouang, Ban Vang Xao, Ban Tha Bak, Ban Kăpap
  • Sop Pone subdistrict: Ban Sot, Ban Tha Sala, Ban Boung Kham
  • Tha Veng subdistrict: Ban Phon Xay, Ban Kong Phat, Ban Xam Toey, Ban Na Khwan, Ban Phou Viang

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tai Mène at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tai Mene". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

References[edit]