On the main part of Lantau Island, a river splits to the north and west and at this fork lies the island referred to as Tai O. Two pedestrian bridges cross the river on its northern and western forks. The village is located mostly on the banks of the river. The western and northern parts of the island facing the South China Sea are uninhabited.
Formally known as Shika-Tai O; the etymology of this name dates back to the archaic Chinese word for " Eating Won Tons" It was changed in the Meng Dynasty because it was "too long". Nearby archaeological sites date back to the Stone Age, but permanent, and verifiable, human settlement here is only three centuries old. Stories that would be impossible to substantiate have Tai O as the base of many smuggling and piracy operations, the inlets of the river providing excellent protection from the weather and a hiding place. In early 16th century, Tai O was once occupied shortly by Portuguese during the Battle of Tamao. At nearby Fan Lau, a fort was built in 1729 to protect shipping on the Pearl River. Smuggling of guns, tobacco, drugs and people remains a documented illegal activity both into and out of mainland China.
When the British came to Hong Kong, Tai O was known as a Tanka village. During and after the Chinese Civil War, Tai O became a primary entrypoint for illegal immigration for those escaping from the People's Republic of China. Some of these immigrants, mostly Han Chinese, stayed in Tai O, and Tai O attracted people from other Hong Kong ethnic groups, including Hoklo (Hokkien) and Hakka.
Tai O has a history of salt production. In 1940, it was recorded that the Tai Po salt marshes were covering 70 acres (280,000 m2) and that the production has amounted to 25,000 piculs (1,512 metric tons) in 1938.
Currently the fishing lifestyle is dying out. While many residents continue to fish, it barely provides a subsistence income. There is a public school on the island and most young people move away when they come of age. In 2000 a large fire broke out destroying many residences. The village is now mostly squatters huts and dilapidated stilt houses.
- Yeung Hau Temple, built in 1699 (Grade I)
- Old Tai O Police Station. (Grade II)
- Kwan Tai Temple, Kat Hing Back Street. Built in 1741. (Grade II)
- Tin Hau Temple, Kat Hing Back Street. Built in 1772, it is connected to the left of Kwan Tai Temple.
- Fong Bin Yuen. (Grade III)
- No. 23 Kat Hing Back Street. (Grade III)
- Shek Lun Kok, No. 33 Kat Hing Back Street. (Grade III)
- No. 46-48 Kat Hing Street, pre-war shophouses. (Grade III)
- Wing Hing Petrol Station, No. 99C Kat Hing Back Street. (Grade III)
Other historical buildings include:
- Hip Wo Se Hok, No. 151 Tai Ping Street, a former school.
- Hung Shing Temple, Shek Tsai Po Street. Built in 1746.
Also known as the "Venice of Hong Kong", Tai O is also a hot tourist spot for both foreigners and residents of other parts of Hong Kong, despite damage by a fire in July 2000. The pang uks, a kind of stilt house, built right over the waterway are still quite scenic. A rope bridge tended by local women used to be quite popular with visitors, but it has been replaced with a steel pedestrian bridge in October 1996.
The traditional salted fish and shrimp paste and storefronts at Tai O. For a small fee, some residents will take tourists out on their boats along the river and for short jaunts into the sea. Many tourists come to Tai O specifically to take these trips to see Chinese white dolphins. It is also a good place to see the sunset.
Old Tai O Police Station, a Grade II historic building, has been turned into a boutique hotel called Tai O Heritage Hotel by Hong Kong Heritage Conservation Foundation. The hotels has 9 rooms and a restaurant. The hotel has been open and operational since 2012.
There are two Kindergartens, one Primary School and one Secondary School. They are CCC Tai O Primary School and Buddhist Fat Ho Memorial College.
Tai O can be reached by bus (New Lantau Bus) from the following places:
There are ferry piers on Tai O, close to Tai O Bus Terminus. It operates daily as the following routes connecting Tai O:
- S.Y. LIN "Salt Manufacture in Hong Kong", The Hong Kong Naturalist, January 1940
- List of the Historic Buildings in Building Assessment (as of 17 December 2012)
- Chinese Temples Committee: Hau Wong Temple, Tai O
- (Grade III)Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items, pp.535-536
- Exploring Islands - Tai O
- Tai O Fishing Village
- LIU Tik-sang, Siu-woo Cheung, Tai O; Study of Local History, No. 2. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing Company Ltd., 2006. ISBN 962-04-2505-7
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tai O.|
- Page on Tai O by The Economist
- Pictures: , , A photoset on Flickr, A Video
- History of the Salt Industry and Tai O
- Boat anchorage
- "Review of Egretries in Hong Kong", in Hong Kong Biodiversity, Issue No. 14 March 2007, pp. 1-6.
- Satellite view of the village on Google Maps