Taiaro

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Taiaro
Taiaro2.jpg
NASA picture of Taiaro Atoll
Taiaro is located in French Polynesia
Taiaro
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 15°45′S 144°38′W / 15.750°S 144.633°W / -15.750; -144.633Coordinates: 15°45′S 144°38′W / 15.750°S 144.633°W / -15.750; -144.633
Archipelago Tuamotus
Area 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi)  (lagoon)
6 km² (above water)
Length 5.7 km (3.54 mi)
Width 3.6 km (2.24 mi)
Highest elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Highest point (unnamed)
Country
 France
Overseas collectivity  French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Tuamotus
Commune Fakarava
Demographics
Population 4[1] (as of 2012)
NASA picture of Taiaro Atoll.

Taiaro, or Maro-taua, is a small atoll in the west of the Tuamotu group in French Polynesia. It is one of the smallest of the Tuamotu atolls. Taiaro lies 42 km to the northeast of Raraka Atoll.

The shape of Taiaro Atoll is roughly a polygon 3.7 km across. It has a deep sandy lagoon without any passes to the ocean.

Taiaro Atoll currently has a population of 4 inhabitants. It is the private property of W. A. Robinson.

History[edit]

The first recorded European arriving to Taiaro Atoll was Captain Robert FitzRoy on the ship Beagle in 1835. It was the last atoll of the Tuamotus to be recorded and charted.

This atoll was visited by the United States Exploring Expedition led by Charles Wilkes on September 3, 1839. Wilkes named it "King's Island" after the surname of the sailor at the masthead who had first sighted it.

In 1977 Taiaro was declared a protected area by UNESCO under the name Biosphere Reserve Taiaro Atoll.

Administration[edit]

The uninhabited Taiaro is private property under the ownership of W.A. Robinson who declared it a nature reserve in 1972.[2] The atoll was officially designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1977.[3]

Taiaro Atoll belongs to the commune of Fakarava, which consists of Fakarava, as well as the atolls of Aratika, Kauehi, Niau, Raraka, Taiaro and Toau.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Taiaro is home to 23 different plant species, all remnant except for a few planted coconut trees. Its lagoon is slightly hypersaline, and is home to 23 species of mollusks and 50 species of different fish.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Stanley, David (1993). South Pacific handbook. Moon Publications. p. 210. ISBN 978-0-918373-99-1. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  3. ^ UNESCO (2008). "Biosphere Reserve Information". Unesco.com. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Dahl, prepared by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas ; in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme ; based on the work of Arthur Lyon (1986). Review of the protected areas system in Oceania (Sept. 1986. ed.). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. p. 51 & 205. ISBN 9782880325091. 

External links[edit]