Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office

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Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office
Trouk.jpg
Chinese 台北經濟文化辦事處

The Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO), also known as Taipei Economic and Cultural Office (TECO) or Taipei Representative Office (TRO) (Chinese: 台北經濟文化辦事處; pinyin: Táiběi Jīngjì Wénhùa Bànshìchù), is a representative office alternative to an embassy or a consulate which handles foreign affairs and citizen services of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in countries that have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC, commonly "China"). Under the terms of the One China Policy stipulated by the PRC, such countries may not have diplomatic relations with the Republic of China, as the PRC denies the status of ROC as a sovereign state and claims Taiwan as part of its China. As a result, these countries do not allow the ROC to establish an "official" embassy or consulate but instead allow the ROC to establish these representative offices to conduct unofficial government relations with the host countries.

These establishments use the term "Taipei" instead of "Taiwan" or "ROC" since the term "Taipei" avoids implying that Taiwan is a different country on a par with the PRC or that there are "Two Chinas", the PRC and the ROC, both of which would cause difficulties for their host countries.

TECROs state that their aim is "to promote bilateral trade, investment, culture, science and technology exchanges and cooperation, as well as better understanding", although they perform many of the same functions as a normal embassy or consulate general, like issuing visas and passports.

TECROs do enjoy many diplomatic privileges such as extraterritoriality, providing consular protection and their staffs do have diplomatic immunity.[citation needed] Other countries also establish reciprocal representative offices in Taiwan, such as the American Institute in Taiwan, Canadian Trade Office in Taipei and Interchange Association, Japan.

TECO in the United States[edit]

TECRO in Japan
TRO in the Netherlands
The building hosting the TECO in Hong Kong
The building hosting the TECO in Macau
The building hosting TECO branch office in Sydney, Australia
The building hosting the TETO in Jakarta, Indonesia
The building hosting the TRO in Singapore

Originally called the Coordination Council for North American Affairs (CCNAA). As a result of the Clinton Administration's Taiwan Policy Review of 1994, the name of the CCNAA office in Washington, D.C. (the "embassy") was changed to "Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office" (TECRO), and the names of the 12 other CCNAA offices ("consulates") in the United States were changed to "Taipei Economic and Cultural Office" (TECO).[1][2]

U.S. TECO Representatives[edit]

  • James Shen (1 January 1979 – 9 May 1979)
  • Gong-chuan Hsia, 1979–81
  • Wei-pin Tsai, 1981–82
  • Frederick Chien (19 November 1982 - 20 July 1988)
  • Mao-shi Ding, 1988–94
  • Chao-chung Lu, 1994–96
  • Jason Hu, 1996–97
  • Stephen S.F. Chen (1997–2000)
  • Chen Chien-jen, 2000–04
  • David Lee (25 July 2004 – 10 April 2007)
  • Joseph Wu (10 April 2007 – 26 July 2008)
  • Jason Yuan (4 August 2008 – 27 September 2012)
  • King Pu-tsung (27 September 2012 – 24 March 2014)
  • Shen Lyu-shun (designated)

TECO in Japan[edit]

Diplomatic relations between ROC and Japan were broken off in September 1972. For practical reasons, the Association of East Asian Relations (EARA), was established in two months after Japan-China Joint Communique was signed. EARA had offices in Taipei, Tokyo, Osaka, and Fukuoka. In 1992, Japan authorized the change in name of EARA to TECRO, a move that was followed by U.S. President Bill Clinton in 1994.

However, the situation in Okinawa was different. Okinawa was occupied by the United States since the end of World War II until 1972, and its name under the occupation was Ryukyu. In 1958, the ROC established Sino-Ryukyuan Cultural and Economic Association. After Okinawa's return to Japan in May 1972 and the severance of diplomatic relations in September, the Office in Okinawa remained with the same name. This office, under a different title, had existed simultaneously with the TECRO offices in Japan until 2006, when the office in Okinawa was merged into the Office in Tokyo.

This curiosity may have arisen because the Ryūkyū Kingdom was a tributary state of China (the Ming and Qing Dynasties) before the 19th century, and consequently the ROC, as the successor government of the Qing, may for historical reasons have distinguished Okinawa from Japan. However, in 2006, Taiwan officially acknowledged that Okinawa is now part of Japan.

Japan TECO Representatives[edit]

  • 馬樹禮, 1973–85
  • Mou Shung-Nian, 1985
  • Ma Ji-Zhuang, 1985–90
  • Chiang Hsiao-wu, 1990–91
  • Hsu Shui-teh, 1991–93
  • Lin Chin-ching, 1993–96
  • Chuang Ming-yao, 1996–2000
  • Lo Fu-chen, 2000–04
  • Koh Se-kai, 2004-08
  • 馮寄臺, 2008–12
  • Ssu-Tsun Shen, 2012-

Representation in Hong Kong[edit]

In Hong Kong, from 1966, Taiwan was represented by the 'Chung Hwa Travel Service', a name chosen to avoid upsetting Beijing.[3] On 20 July 2011, as a result of warming relations between Taiwan and Beijing, the name was formally changed to the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, bringing it into line with other Republic of China representative offices around the world.[4]

Representation in Macau[edit]

In Macau, from 1989 to 1999, Taiwan was represented by the 'Taipei Trade and Tourism Office', Taiwan's first-time representation in Macau after Kuomintang's expulsion from Macau as the consequence of the December 3rd Incident in 1966. From 1999 to 2011, Taiwan was represented by the 'Taipei Economic and Cultural Center'. In 13 May 2011, the name was formally changed to the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office.[5]

TRO in the United Kingdom[edit]

See Representative of Taiwan, London

In 1950, the UK switched recognition from the Republic of China to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), while maintaining the British Consulate in Tamsui, through which the UK continued to carry out consular and trade-related activities. The Consulate was closed after the UK and the PRC upgraded relations to Ambassadorial level in March 1972, and in June 1980 the building and land of the Consulate were returned to the Taiwanese government. The ROC government’s office in the UK was set up in September 1963, and at the time was known as the Free Chinese Centre. On 15 April 1992, this was revised to become the Taipei Representative Office in the UK.

Taipei representative offices around the world[edit]

The list below shows the countries or regions where TECROs/TROs are established.

County or Region Office Name Representative Website
 Argentina Oficina Comercial y Cultural de Taipei en Argentina Matthew S. Lee [1]
 Australia Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Australia Katharine Chang [2]
 Austria Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, Vienna, Austria Chen Lien-gene [3]
 Bahrain Trade Mission of Taiwan in the Kingdom of Bahrain Michael Chen
 Belgium Taipei Representative Office in the EU and Belgium Tung Kuo-yu [4]
 Brazil Escritório Econômico e Cultural de Taipei no Brasil Shyu Guang-pu [5]
 Brunei Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Brunei Darussalam Albert Huang [6]
 Canada Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Canada Liu Chih-kung [7]
 Chile Oficina Economica y Cultural de Taipei Wang Ming-wen [8]
 Colombia Oficina Comercial de Taipei en Bogota, Colombia Tang Ji-zen [9]
 Czech Republic Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, Prague, Czech Republic Hsueh Mei-yu [10]
 Denmark Taipei Representative Office in Denmark Lily Hsu [11]
 Ecuador Oficina Comercial de la República de China (Taiwán), Quito, Ecuador Rolando Chuang [12]
 Fiji Trade Mission of the Republic of China to the Republic of Fiji Chang Ming [13]
 Finland Taipei Representative Office in Finland Lin Ching-lien [14]
 France Bureau de Représentation de Taipei en France Michel Lu [15]
 Germany Taipeh Vertretung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Wei Wu-lien [16]
 Greece Taipei Representative Office in Greece Agnes Chen [17]
 Hong Kong Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Hong Kong James Chu[6] [18]
 Hungary Taipei Representative Office, Budapest, Hungary Marietta Kao Liau [19]
 Indonesia Taipei Economic and Trade Office, Jakarta, Indonesia Chang Liang-jen[7] [20]
 India Taipei Economic and Cultural Center in India Tien Chung-kwang [21]
 Ireland Taipei Representative Office in Ireland Harry Tseng [22]
 Israel Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Tel Aviv Chi Yun-sheng[8] [23]
 Italy Ufficio di Rappresentanza di Taipei in Italia Stanley Kao [24]
 Japan Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in Japan Shen Ssu-tsun [25]
 Jordan Commercial Office of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Amman Chang Yun-ping [26]
 Kuwait Taipei Commercial Representative Office in the State of Kuwait Liu Kuo-hsing [27]
 Latvia Taipei Mission in the Republic of Latvia Ko Kuang-yueh [28]
 Macau Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Macau Lu Chang-shui[9]
 Malaysia Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Malaysia Lo Yu-chung [29]
 Mexico Oficina Económica y Cultural de Taipei en México Lee Sing-ying [30]
 Mongolia Taipei Trade and Economic Representative Office in Ulaanbaatar Yang Syin-yi [31]
 Netherlands Taipei Representative Office in the Netherlands James Lee [32]
 New Zealand Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New Zealand Charng Yii-Lih [33]
 Nigeria The Trade Mission of the ROC (Taiwan), Abuja, Federal Republic of Nigeria Yang Tien-hsing [34]
 Norway Taipei Representative Office in Norway Victor Yu [35]
 Oman Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, Muscat, Oman Lee Tzu-cheng [36]
 Papua New Guinea Trade Mission of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) in Papua New Guinea Hu Chun-pu [37]
 Peru Oficina Económica y Cultural de Taipei, Lima, República del Perú Alejandro Huang [38]
 Philippines Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in the Philippines Raymond Wang [39]
 Poland Biuro Gospodarcze i Kulturalne Tajpej Jack Chiang [40]
 Portugal Centro Económico e Cultural de Taipei Her Jian-gueng [41]
 Russia Representative Office in Moscow for the Taipei-Moscow Economic and Cultural Coordination Commission Chen Chun-shen [42]
 Saudi Arabia Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Lin Jinn-jong [43]
 Singapore Taipei Representative Office in Singapore Hsieh Fa-dah [44]
 Slovakia Taipei Representative Office, Bratislava David Lee [45]
 South Africa Taipei Liaison Office in the Republic of South Africa Michael Hsu [46]
 South Korea Taipei Mission in Korea Benjamin Liang [47]
 Spain Oficina Económica y Cultural de Taipei Javier Hou [48]
 Sweden Taipei Mission in Sweden Thomas Cheng [49]
  Switzerland Taipei Cultural and Economic Delegation in Switzerland Chang Wen-liang [50]
 Thailand Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Thailand Henry Chen [51]
 Turkey Taipei Economic and Cultural Mission in Ankara James Chen [52]
 United Arab Emirates Commercial Office of the Republic of China to Dubai, UAE Chang Wang-lu [53]
 United Kingdom Taipei Representative Office in the U.K. Chih-kung Liu [54]
 United States Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States Shen Lyu-shun [55]
 Vietnam Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, Hanoi, Vietnam Huang Chih-peng [56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taiwan-U.S. Relations." Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the U.S.. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  2. ^ "1994 Taiwan Policy Review." Formosan Association for Public Affairs. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  3. ^ Is name change a game changer?, Taipei Times, 17 July 2011
  4. ^ Taiwan changes name of HK office, RTHK News, 15 July 2011
  5. ^ Macau representative office in Taiwan opens
  6. ^ "Activity Highlights". Eccpc.org.hk. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  7. ^ "Taiwan's names new representative to Indonesia - Taiwan News Online". Taiwannews.com.tw. 2013-11-22. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  8. ^ "Taiwan's new representative to Israel to assume duties this week | Politics | FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS". Focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  9. ^ "Taiwan’s man in Macau has creative approach". Macau Business Daily. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 

External links[edit]