Taipei Songshan Airport

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Taipei International Airport (Taipei Songshan Airport)
台北國際航空站
台北松山機場

Táiběi Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
Táiběi Sōngshān Jīchǎng
Taipei Songshan Airport 1st Terminal Building 20090926.JPG
IATA: TSAICAO: RCSS
TSA is located in Taiwan
TSA
TSA
Location of airport in Taiwan
Summary
Airport type Public & Military
Operator Civil Aeronautics Administration
Ministry of National Defense
Serves Taipei
Location Songshan District, Taipei, Taiwan
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 18 ft
Coordinates 25°04′10″N 121°33′06″E / 25.06944°N 121.55167°E / 25.06944; 121.55167
Website Taipei Songshan Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,605 8,547 Paved
Statistics (2012)
Number of passengers 5,673,990
Aircraft movement 58,170
Total Cargo (metric tonnes) 31,325
Taipei Songshan Airport
Simplified Chinese 台北松山機場
Traditional Chinese 台北松山機場

Taipei Songshan Airport (IATA: TSAICAO: RCSS) (traditional Chinese: 台北松山機場; simplified Chinese: 台北松山机场; pinyin: Táiběi Sōngshān Jīchǎng) is a midsize commercial airport and military airbase located in Songshan, Taipei, Taiwan. The airport covers an area of 182 hectares (1.82 km2).[1]

The civilian section of Songshan Airport, officially Taipei International Airport (traditional Chinese: 台北國際航空站; simplified Chinese: 台北国际航空站; pinyin: Táiběi Gúojì Hángkōngzhàn), has scheduled flights serving Taiwan, mainland China, South Korea and Japan, with almost all international flights out of the Taipei area served by Taoyuan International Airport.

Songshan Airport is also the base of certain Republic of China Air Force units as part of the Songshan Air Force Base (traditional Chinese: 空軍松山基地; simplified Chinese: 空军松山基地; pinyin: Kōngjūn Sōngshān Jīdì). The Songshan Base Command's main mission is to serve the President and Vice President of the Republic of China.

History[edit]

Civil Air Transport flight at Songshan Airport in 1966.

The airport was built in 1936 with its origins as a Japanese military airbase, the Matsuyama Airdrome, during Japanese rule. After World War II, in 1946, it was taken over by the Republic of China Air Force.[2] Before the end of the Chinese Civil War and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the airport provided flight routes between Shanghai and Taipei, occasionally via Fuzhou.[2]

Shared military and civilian use—both domestic and international—began on April 16, 1950[3] in the reconstructed Civil Aeronautics Administration Taipei Airport (Chinese: 交通部民用航空局台北航空站).[2] Domestic destinations have been Kaohsiung, Hualien, Taichung, Makung, and Tainan. The first international destinations were Seattle, Tokyo, Pusan, Manila, Bangkok, and Hong Kong.[2] The first international airlines included Northwest Airlines, Pan American Airlines, and Hong Kong Airways (now Cathay Pacific). Later, the airport became too small to handle an increased number of passengers, even after a series of expansions. This later worsened when new wide-body jets became common at the airport.[2] Therefore, all international activities were relocated to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) after its inauguration on February 26, 1979.[2][4] Consequently, the passenger load at the airport dropped from 6.2 million in 1978 to 2.9 million in 1979 (a 53% decrease).[5] At its peak in 1997, the airport handled over 15.3 million passengers annually.

Service to Taichung and Chiayi was stopped in mid-2007 after the load factor dropped significantly due to Taiwan High Speed Rail start of revenue service in January 2007. Passenger volume decreased from 6.7 million in 2006 to 4.4 million in 2007 (a 34% decrease).[5] Also due to the opening of the high speed rail line, on March 1, 2008, Uni Air suspended its service to Kaohsiung, while Far Eastern Air Transport suspended its service to Tainan.[6] TransAsia Airways decided to stop flights to Tainan and Kaohsiung after August 1, 2008.[7][8]

In early 1999 when the construction of Taipei 101 had just started, Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration changed this airport's certain SID and STAR procedures to avoid possible collision with the building. The 677-meter Fuxing North Road Underground Passage (復興北路車行地下道) was constructed between 1997 and 2006 under this airport's runway to link the north and south side of this airport.[9]

Regular cross-strait charter flights to mainland China started on July 4, 2008, with Songshan receiving the majority of flights.[10] Direct flights to mainland China were an issue of contention. Then-mayor Ma Ying-jeou had been pressing to make Songshan Airport Taipei's main cross-strait terminal, citing that its location close to the city center would make it preferable for business travelers. However, building height restrictions around the airport raised concerns about flight safety, blocking of radio communications, noise pollution, and a reduced number of flights.[11]

The adjacent, unused Terminal 2 was refurbished to accommodate arriving flights while the main Terminal, now Terminal 1, was rearranged to handle increased passenger traffic.[10] On March 29, 2011, the renovated Terminal 2 was re-opened to handle domestic flights.[12]

International potential[edit]

Taipei Songshan Airport Terminal 2.
Songshan Airport observation deck

Songshan Airport is seen to have the potential to attract business travelers within Pacific Asia due to its location in downtown Taipei. Flights to Bangkok-Don Mueang, Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma, Kuala Lumpur-Subang, Nagoya-Komaki, Osaka-Itami, Seoul-Gimpo,[13] Shanghai-Hongqiao, and Tokyo-Haneda[13] are especially attractive since these airports are also in the central areas of their respective cities, and all these cities have larger far flung international airports. The airport is currently in the process of expansion to better accommodate international flights.[14]

This kind of "city-to-city" flights have already been established between Seoul-Gimpo and Tokyo-Haneda, and between Shanghai-Hongqiao and Tokyo-Haneda. Seoul to Tokyo direct flights in particular, take only 1/3 the total travel time over their international counterparts (from 4.5 hrs to 1.5), when ground transport is included.

On March 6, 2009, Japan and Taiwan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the revision of Taiwan-Japan bilateral traffic. Four carriers (EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines and ANA) will be able to operate from Songshan Airport to Tokyo-Haneda.

In December 2009, an affirmative schedule for the route between Tokyo-Haneda and Taipei-Songshan was announced.[15] Starting in October, 2010, EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, and ANA each operates two flights a day from Taipei-Songshan to Tokyo-Haneda,[15] with China Airlines and EVA Air using the A330-300 and the A330-200 respectively. Japan Airlines and ANA began this route with the Boeing 767. ANA replaced one daily flight with the Boeing 787-8 since June 1, 2013.

On June 14, 2010, direct flights between Taipei-Songshan and Shanghai-Hongqiao began.[16] Each week has 28 flights, served by China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Air China, China Airlines, EVA Air, and TransAsia Airways. The airport will undergo upgrades to its runway and reduce its jet bridge from eight to six (due to lack of space) to accommodate Airbus A330 and Boeing 767.[17]

Proposal to close the airport[edit]

The continuing growth of Taipei City means that Songshan airport is nowadays situated in the heart of downtown. Compared to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Songshan Airport saves travelers about 30 minutes due to its location inside Taipei City's central business district, but the city suffers from the noise, pollution, restrictions on urban planning, and traffic congestion the airport brings about. In the 2002 and 2006 Taipei Mayor Election DPP candidates Lee Ying-yuan and Frank Hsieh both proposed the plan to close Songshan Airport, and developed its land into road, huge park, detention basin and sports arena, since the Taiwan High Speed Rail could quickly take up the traffic load between Taipei and western Taiwan cities, and the remaining service to outlying islands and eastern Taiwan could be easily taken over by the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport after the completion of Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System in early 2014. Also, the MRT system will make the international potential of Songshan airport less attractive.

The Songshan Airport closing proposal was deferred under the Taipei City Government which has long been dominated by the Pan-Blue Coalition, who prefers the downtown airport connection concept with Shanghai, Seoul, and Tokyo.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air China Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tianjin International
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda International
China Airlines Seoul-Gimpo, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tokyo-Haneda
Charter: Matsuyama[18]
International
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao International
Eastar Jet Seoul-Gimpo International
EVA Air Seoul-Gimpo, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tokyo-Haneda International
Far Eastern Air Transport Kinmen, Makung Domestic
Far Eastern Air Transport Nanning, Taiyuan, Tianjin International
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Haneda International
Mandarin Airlines Kinmen, Makung, Taitung Domestic
Mandarin Airlines Fuzhou, Wenzhou International
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong International
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing International
TransAsia Airways Chongqing, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Wuhan International
TransAsia Airways Hualien, Kinmen, Makung Domestic
T'way Airlines Seoul-Gimpo International
Uni Air Hengchun, Kinmen, Makung, Matsu-Beigan, Matsu-Nangan, Taitung Domestic
Uni Air Shanghai-Pudong, Xiamen International
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen International

Traffic and Statistics[edit]

In 2012, Songshan Airport handled 5,673,990 passengers and 31,234.9 tons of cargo. About 52.2% of the passengers traveling to and from the airport in 2012 were domestic passengers. The route between Taipei Songshan Airport and Kinmen Airport is the busiest domestic route in Taiwan, with 1,292,199 travelers in 2012.[19]

In 2012, the ten routes with the largest number of passengers are as follows:

Busiest Routes from Taipei-Songshan (2012)[19]
Rank Airport Category Passengers 2012 Carriers
1 Japan Tokyo-Haneda International 1,297,648 All Nippon Airways, China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines
2 Taiwan Kinmen Domestic 1,292,199 Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
3 Taiwan Makung Domestic 880,916 Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
4 China Shanghai-Hongqiao Cross-Strait 594,471 Air China, China Airlines, China Eastern, EVA Air, Transasia Airways, Shanghai Airlines
5 Taiwan Taitung Domestic 325,052 Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air
6 Taiwan Hualien Domestic 172,583 Transasia Airways
7 Taiwan Matsu-Nangan Domestic 160,705 Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
8 China Shanghai-Pudong Cross-Strait 142,563 Shanghai Airlines, Transasia Airways
9 China Xiamen Cross-Strait 115,509 Uni Air, Xiamen Airlines
10 China Fuzhou Cross-Strait 114,254 Transasia Airways, Xiamen Airlines

Ground Transportation[edit]

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

Future Developments[edit]

Due to the introduction of cross-strait flights and future international potential, the airport is undergoing extensive renovations, the first phase of which is expected to be completed by October 2010.[25] The second and third phase renovations are expected to be completed by March and October 2011, respectively. However, as of November 2011 renovations are still in progress. A new international cargo terminal is being built in anticipation of a new air route between Taiwan and Japan.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Introduction to TSA". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "A Review: 50 Years of the Taipei Songshan Airport". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  3. ^ "Basic Information". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  4. ^ Xing, Zheng Yuan (1979). China yearbook. China Pub. Co. p. 10. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  5. ^ a b "The Statistic Table of Working Capability in Taipei International Air Terminal From 1952 to 2008". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  6. ^ Shelly Shan (2008-01-29). "CAA approves end of Taipei-Kaohsiung flights on Uni Air". Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  7. ^ "Flight routes may decrease gradually". The China Post. 2008-07-17. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  8. ^ "No more Taipei-Tainan flights after July". The China Post. 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  9. ^ "TAIWAN INAUGURATES US$142 MLN ROAD TUNNEL UNDER AIRPORT.". AsiaPulse News. 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  10. ^ a b "Taipei airport being renovated". The China Post. 2008-06-22. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  11. ^ "Gov't picks inferior option for airport: lawmaker". 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  12. ^ "Songshan Airport's Terminal 2 to open for domestic flights Tuesday". 2011-03-25. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  13. ^ a b "Hau criticizes Su after unveiling election slogan". Taipei Times. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  14. ^ "Songshan Airport expansion may be delayed". China Post. 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  15. ^ a b "Taiwan, Japan sign pact". The China Post. 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  16. ^ "上海虹橋和台北松山開始直航" (in Chinese). BBC. 2010-06-14. 
  17. ^ "松山機場打造首都機場 釀飛安疑慮" (in Chinese). 2009-05-16. 
  18. ^ "China Airlines Makes History with Launch of Songshan-Matsuyama Flights" (Press release). China Airlines. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "Taiwan CAA Annual Statistics Report". 2012. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Route Map: Songshan Airport". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  21. ^ "B-243 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  22. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  23. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  24. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  25. ^ "President promises all-out effort in renovating Songshan Airport". 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  26. ^ "Songshan Airport to build international cargo terminal". Taiwan News. 2009-07-22. Retrieved 2010-06-17. [dead link]

External links[edit]