Taira no Kagekiyo
The son by birth of Fujiwara no Tadakiyo. His original name was Fujiwara no Kagekiyo (藤原 景清), but he was adopted by the Taira and served them loyally the rest of his life. In 1156, he played a role in confirming Emperor Go-Shirakawa on the throne, and later, during the Genpei War, sought unsuccessfully to have the head of the Minamoto clan, Minamoto no Yoritomo, assassinated. He was captured at the battle of Dan-no-ura in 1185. In 1196, Kagekiyo then allowed himself to starve to death at the new capital of Kamakura.
Kagekiyo is perhaps most famous for his appearance in the eleventh chapter of the fictionalized epic Heike Monogatari (The Tale of Heike), in the section called "The Dropped Bow" (弓流). He grasps the neckguard of Minamoto warrior Mionoya no Jūrō in order to prevent his escape; Mionoya does escape Kagekiyo's grasp, hiding from battle behind a friendly mount. Then, Kagekiyo, leaning on his spear, exclaims "You must have heard of me long ago. See me now with your own eyes! I am the man known to the young city toughs as Akushichibyōe Kagekiyo of Kazusa!" Kagekiyo then retires from battle, and is followed by his fellow Taira warriors, who seek to protect him.
Traditional drama and popular culture
- Some of the information presented here derives from the corresponding article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
- Frederic, Louis (2002). "Japan Encyclopedia." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
- Turnbull, Stephen (1998). 'The Samurai Sourcebook'. London: Cassell & Co.
- Kazuo, Osumi (1986). 'Nihon kaku densho jinmei jiten [Dictionary of Imaginary and Traditional Personalities].' Tokyo.
- Trans. Helen Craig McCullough (1988). The Tale of the Heike. Stanford University Press. p369. ISBN 0-8047-1803-2.
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