Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府; pinyin: Táiwān Fǔ) was a prefecture of the Qing Dynasty on Taiwan Island. The prefecture was established by the Qing government in 1684. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer (臺灣府志, Tai Wan Fu Zhi) documented it as part of Fujian Province. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer was completed by Gao Gonggan in the 34th year of the reign of Kangxi in 1695.
An administrative change occurred in 1875, when Imperial Commissioner Shen Pao-chen demanded that another prefecture be added in Taiwan to revamp the administrative organization of the northern area of the island. As a result Taipei Prefecture (臺北府 Táiběi Fu) was separated from the original prefecture.
Taiwan, however, did not became a full province until the 1880s. Taiwan Island and the surrounding islands were formally established as Taiwan Province in 1887 and Taiwan Prefecture was renamed to Tainan Prefecture (臺南府 Tai Nan Fu) two years later. One of the administrators of the Taiwan Prefecture was Raymund Tu, a native priest of Taiwan.
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