Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府; pinyin: Táiwān Fǔ) was a prefecture of Taiwan under Qing rule. The prefecture was established by the Qing dynasty government in 1684. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer (臺灣府志, Tai Wan Fu Zhi) documented it as part of Fujian Province. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer was completed by Gao Gonggan in the 34th year of the reign of Kangxi in 1695.
An administrative change occurred in 1875, when Imperial Commissioner Shen Pao-chen demanded that another prefecture be added in Taiwan to revamp the administrative organization of the northern area of the island. As a result Taipeh Prefecture (臺北府 Táiběi Fu) was separated from the original prefecture.
Taiwan, however, did not became Taiwan Province until 1885. Taiwan Island and the surrounding islands were formally established as Taiwan Province in 1885. In this year, Datun (大墩) was designated as the capital of the prefecture and initially the provincial capital, but four years later (1889), the provincial capital was moved to what is now known as Taipei.
In 1887, the province was reorganized into four prefectures: Taipeh, Taiwan, Tainan, and Taitung. Tainan Prefecture (臺南府 Tai Nan Fu) was created and split from Taiwan Prefecture., thus Taiwan Prefecture was reduced to the area of central Taiwan only, composed of the modern day Miaoli County, Taichung City, Nantou County, Changhua County, and Yunlin County.
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