Taiwan Prefecture

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Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府; pinyin: Táiwān Fǔ) was a prefecture of the Qing dynasty on Taiwan Island.[1] The prefecture was established by the Qing government in 1684.[2] The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer (臺灣府志, Tai Wan Fu Zhi)[3] documented it as part of Fujian Province.[4] The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer was completed by Gao Gonggan in the 34th year of the reign of Kangxi in 1695.[5]

An administrative change occurred in 1875, when Imperial Commissioner Shen Pao-chen demanded that another prefecture be added in Taiwan to revamp the administrative organization of the northern area of the island.[6] As a result Taipei Prefecture (臺北府 Táiběi Fu) was separated from the original prefecture.

Taiwan, however, did not became a full province until the 1880s.[7] Taiwan Island and the surrounding islands were formally established as Taiwan Province in 1887[citation needed] and Taiwan Prefecture was renamed to Tainan Prefecture (臺南府 Tai Nan Fu) two years later.[8][9] One of the administrators of the Taiwan Prefecture was Raymund Tu, a native priest of Taiwan.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henckaerts, Jean-Marie (12 September 1996). The international status of Taiwan in the new world order: legal and political considerations. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 268. ISBN 978-90-411-0929-3. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  2. ^ China: five thousand years of history and civilization. City University of HK Press. 30 April 2007. p. 108. ISBN 978-962-937-140-1. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Prefecture History". Taiwanpedia. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Teng, Emma (1 March 2006). Taiwan's imagined geography: Chinese colonial travel writing and pictures, 1683-1895. Harvard Univ Asia Center. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-674-02119-8. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Chinese studies in history. International Arts and Sciences Press. 2008. p. 14. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Skinner, George William; Baker, Hugh D. R. (1977). The City in late imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-8047-0892-0. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Akerman, James R. (15 February 2009). The imperial map: cartography and the mastery of empire. University of Chicago Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-226-01076-2. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Gordon, Leonard H. D. (2007). Confrontation over Taiwan: nineteenth-century China and the powers. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-1868-9. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  9. ^ The Chinese times. 1890. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  10. ^ David, M. D. (1985). Asia and Christianity. Himalaya Pub. House. Retrieved 19 January 2012.