Taiwan Prefecture

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Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府; pinyin: Táiwān Fǔ) was a prefecture of Taiwan under Qing rule.[1] The prefecture was established by the Qing dynasty government in 1684.[2] The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer (臺灣府志, Tai Wan Fu Zhi)[3] documented it as part of Fujian Province.[4] The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer was completed by Gao Gonggan in the 34th year of the reign of Kangxi in 1695.[5]

An administrative change occurred in 1875, when Imperial Commissioner Shen Pao-chen demanded that another prefecture be added in Taiwan to revamp the administrative organization of the northern area of the island.[6] As a result Taipeh Prefecture (臺北府 Táiběi Fu) was separated from the original prefecture.

Taiwan, however, did not became Taiwan Province until 1885.[7] Taiwan Island and the surrounding islands were formally established as Taiwan Province in 1885[citation needed]. In this year, Datun (大墩) was designated as the capital of the prefecture and initially the provincial capital, but four years later (1889), the provincial capital was moved to what is now known as Taipei.[8]

In 1887, the province was reorganized into four prefectures: Taipeh, Taiwan, Tainan, and Taitung.[9] Tainan Prefecture (臺南府 Tai Nan Fu) was created and split from Taiwan Prefecture.,[10][11] thus Taiwan Prefecture was reduced to the area of central Taiwan only, composed of the modern day Miaoli County, Taichung City, Nantou County, Changhua County, and Yunlin County.

In 1895, with the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the successful Japanese invasion of Taiwan, Taiwan Prefecture was abolished.

One of the administrators of the Taiwan Prefecture was Raymund Tu, a native priest of Taiwan.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Henckaerts, Jean-Marie (12 September 1996). The international status of Taiwan in the new world order: legal and political considerations. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 268. ISBN 978-90-411-0929-3. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  2. ^ China: five thousand years of history and civilization. City University of HK Press. 30 April 2007. p. 108. ISBN 978-962-937-140-1. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Prefecture History". Taiwanpedia. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Teng, Emma (1 March 2006). Taiwan's imagined geography: Chinese colonial travel writing and pictures, 1683-1895. Harvard Univ Asia Center. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-674-02119-8. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Chinese studies in history. International Arts and Sciences Press. 2008. p. 14. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Skinner, George William; Baker, Hugh D. R. (1977). The City in late imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-8047-0892-0. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Akerman, James R. (15 February 2009). The imperial map: cartography and the mastery of empire. University of Chicago Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-226-01076-2. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "From Aboriginal Homeland to Modern City: A Look at Taichung's Rich History". Retrieved 2014-11-30. 
  9. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan & co. p. 244. OL 6931635M. 
  10. ^ Gordon, Leonard H. D. (2007). Confrontation over Taiwan: nineteenth-century China and the powers. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-1868-9. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  11. ^ The Chinese times. 1890. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  12. ^ David, M. D. (1985). Asia and Christianity. Himalaya Pub. House. p. 33. OCLC 557532654.