Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府; pinyin: Táiwān Fǔ) was a prefecture of the Qing dynasty on Taiwan Island. The prefecture was established by the Qing government in 1684. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer (臺灣府志, Tai Wan Fu Zhi) documented it as part of Fujian Province. The Taiwan Prefecture Gazetteer was completed by Gao Gonggan in the 34th year of the reign of Kangxi in 1695.
An administrative change occurred in 1875, when Imperial Commissioner Shen Pao-chen demanded that another prefecture be added in Taiwan to revamp the administrative organization of the northern area of the island. As a result Taipei Prefecture (臺北府 Táiběi Fu) was separated from the original prefecture.
Taiwan, however, did not became a full province until 1885. Taiwan Island and the surrounding islands were formally established as Taiwan Province in 1885. Tainan Prefecture (臺南府 Tai Nan Fu) was created and split from Taiwan Prefecture two years later (1887), so Taiwan Prefecture contracted to the area of central Taiwan only, composed of the modern day Miaoli County, Taichung City, Nantou County, Changhua County, and Yunlin County.
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