Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China

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This article is about the PRC's claimed province which it does not control. For the administrative division of Taiwan, see Taiwan Province. For the meaning and use of the term "Taiwan, China", see Taiwan, China.
Taiwan Province
People's Republic of China (claimed)

台湾省
Province
Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 台湾省 (Táiwān shěng)
 • Abbreviation (pinyin: Tái)
 • Min Nan Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-séng
 • Hakka Romanization Thòi-vàn-sén
Map showing the location of Taiwan ProvincePeople's Republic of China (claimed)
Map showing the location of Taiwan Province
People's Republic of China (claimed)
Coordinates: 23°42′N 121°00′E / 23.7°N 121.0°E / 23.7; 121.0Coordinates: 23°42′N 121°00′E / 23.7°N 121.0°E / 23.7; 121.0
Named for See Taiwan
Capital
(and largest city)
Taipei
Divisions 2 prefectures, 21 counties, — townships
Government
 • Secretary See Representation
 • Governor See Representation
Area
 • Total 35,581 km2 (13,738 sq mi)
Area rank n/a
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,140,000[1]
 • Rank n/a
 • Density rank n/a
Demographics
 • Ethnic composition Han - 98%
Gaoshan (Taiwanese aborigines) - 2%
ISO 3166 code CN-71
GDP (2009) CNY
US$735.997 billion[citation needed] (4)
 - per capita CNY
US$16,391[citation needed] (1)
HDI (n/a) n/a (n/a) ()
Website http://www.gwytb.gov.cn

"Taiwan Province" (simplified Chinese: 台湾省; traditional Chinese: 臺灣省 or 台灣省; pinyin: Táiwān shěng) is a political term that, according to the law of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the correct designation for the territory that was first proclaimed to be “Taiwan Province” in 1885.[2] It refers to China's claim to most of the territory of country of Taiwan which is officially named "Republic of China". However, China has no actual control of Taiwan.

Under PRC law, Taiwan Province still includes the entire island of Taiwan and its surrounding islets, including the Penghu islands.[3] This is in contrast with the Taiwan Province of the Republic of China, which now excludes several direct-controlled municipalities on the island of Taiwan.

All of Taiwan Province is under the control of the Republic of China, whose authorities, the PRC typically refer to as the "Taiwan authorities".[4] Therefore, the PRC has no actual control of the territory. In practice, since no actual Taiwan Province government exists in the PRC (and there is similarly no Governor of Taiwan Province, PRC) the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council of the PRC takes its place. Since China has no control of Taiwan but claims that it is one of its "break away" or "renegade" provinces, Taiwan's government and people considers China's claim a lie.

Taiwan Province of the PRC does not include all the landmasses under ROC's administration. These islands, namely, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands and Wuqiu, as well the Pratas Islands, and Taiping Island, are claimed by the PRC as part of its Fujian, Guangdong, and Hainan provinces, respectively.[citation needed]

The political status of Taiwan is complex. Taiwan is currently not listed as a member of the United Nations or its suborganizations.[5] Globally, Taiwan has 22 diplomatic allies[6] and it struggles to gain recognition. However most countries have unofficial relations with the country, unlike most unrecognized countries. Taiwan has been controlled by the ROC since 1945. The PRC considers itself as the successor state and the sole legitimate authority of China against the ROC upon its founding in 1949, and regards Taiwan as a part of an "indivisible China".

Representation in PRC[edit]

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Chronological
Prehistory to 1624
Dutch Formosa 1624–1662
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Although Taiwan Province is not under PRC control, thirteen delegates are elected to represent Taiwan Province to the National People's Congress.

The election of these delegates for Taiwan Province is done in accordance with the Decision (from time to time made) of the relevant Session of relevant National People's Congress of the PRC on the number of deputies to the National People's Congress and the election of the deputies.[7] For example, in 2002 that Decision was as follows:[8]

"For the time being, 13 deputies representing Taiwan Province shall be elected from among people of Taiwan origin in the other provinces, the autonomous regions, and the municipalities directly under the Central Government, and the Chinese People's Liberation Army."

Having regard to the relevant Decision, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopts a "Plan for the Consultative Election of Deputies of Taiwan Province to the National People's Congress". The Plan typically provides that "the deputies will be elected in Beijing through consultation from among representatives sent by Taiwan compatriots in these provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government and in the Chinese People's Liberation Army."[9]

In the case of the 2002 election, the Standing Committee noted that there were more than 36,000 Taiwan compatriots in the 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government and the central Party, government and army institutions. It was decided that 122 representatives would participate in the conference for election through consultation. The number of representatives was allocated on the basis of the geographic distribution of Taiwan compatriots on the mainland and the standing committees of the people's congresses of the provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government were responsible for making arrangements for the election of the representatives through consultation. The Standing Committee's Plan also provided that the election should be "conducted in a democratic manner".[10]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bush, R. & O'Hanlon, M. (2007). A War Like No Other: The Truth About China's Challenge to America. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-98677-1
  • Bush, R. (2006). Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-1290-1
  • Carpenter, T. (2006). America's Coming War with China: A Collision Course over Taiwan. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6841-1
  • Cole, B. (2006). Taiwan's Security: History and Prospects. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-36581-3
  • Copper, J. (2006). Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China over Taiwan. Praeger Security International General Interest. ISBN 0-275-98888-0
  • Federation of American Scientists et al. (2006). Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning
  • Gill, B. (2007). Rising Star: China's New Security Diplomacy. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3146-9
  • Shirk, S. (2007). China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-530609-0
  • Tsang, S. (2006). If China Attacks Taiwan: Military Strategy, Politics and Economics. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-40785-0
  • Tucker, N.B. (2005). Dangerous Strait: the U.S.-Taiwan-China Crisis. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13564-5

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中華民國統計資訊網(專業人士) (Note that the figure for Taiwan Province (including Taipei and Kaohsiung municipalities) is obtained by subtracting the Taiwanese national population by the Fujian, ROC provincial population.)
  2. ^ Britannica encyclopaedia confirms Taiwan Province was proclaimed in 1886
  3. ^ "The Political Geography of Taiwan" (available on the National Taiwan Normal University website which confirms that until 1886 Taiwan and Penghu were prefectures under the control of Fukien province].
  4. ^ The PRC Government website contains numerous references to "Taiwan authorities".
  5. ^ http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2012/06/20-taiwan-un-winkler
  6. ^ http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2011/11/17-taiwan-international-status-winkler
  7. ^ Plan for the Consultative Election of Deputies of Taiwan Province to the Tenth National People's Congress, 2002 (Government of the PRC website)
  8. ^ Plan for the Consultative Election of Deputies of Taiwan Province to the Tenth National People's Congress, 2002 (Government of the PRC website)
  9. ^ Plan for the Consultative Election of Deputies of Taiwan Province to the Tenth National People's Congress, 2002 (Government of the PRC website)
  10. ^ Plan for the Consultative Election of Deputies of Taiwan Province to the Tenth National People's Congress, 2002 (Government of the PRC website)

External links[edit]