Taizhou, Zhejiang

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For the prefecture-level city Taizhou(泰州) in Jiangsu province, see Taizhou, Jiangsu.
Taizhou
台州市
Prefecture-level city
View of Taizhou
View of Taizhou
Location of Taizhou City in Zhejiang
Location of Taizhou City in Zhejiang
Taizhou is located in China
Taizhou
Taizhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 28°40′N 121°21′E / 28.667°N 121.350°E / 28.667; 121.350Coordinates: 28°40′N 121°21′E / 28.667°N 121.350°E / 28.667; 121.350
Country People's Republic of China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 9
Government
 • CPC Secretary Wu Weirong (吴蔚荣)
 • Mayor Zhang Bing (张 兵)
Area
 • Land 9,411 km2 (3,634 sq mi)
 • Water 80,000 km2 (30,000 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,264 km2 (488 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,538 km2 (594 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,382 m (4,534 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,968,800
 • Urban 1,575,252
 • Urban density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,125,180
 • Metro density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 318000
Area code(s) 576
GDP 2012[1] ¥292.7 billion
GDP per capita 2012 ¥49,711
License Plate Prefix 浙J
Website http://www.zjtz.gov.cn/
City trees
Mei (Prunus mume),
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
City flowers
Sweet Osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)

The Taizhou urban area commonly refer as the whole of Jiaojiang, Huayan, Luqiao disctricts and the metropolitan Taizhou includes additional portion of Wenlin and Linhai County, citation is need for the original urban and metropolitan data.[citation needed]
Taizhou
Chinese 台州
Postal Map Taichow

About this sound Taizhou  is a city on the eastern coast of China's Zhejiang province, facing the East China Sea. It is located 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai and 230 km (140 mi) southeast of Hangzhou, the provincial capital. It is bordered by Ningbo to the north, Wenzhou to the south, and Shaoxing, Jinhua, and Lishui to west. In addition to the municipality itself, the prefecture-level city of Taizhou includes 3 districts, 2 county-level cities, and 4 counties.

Etymology[edit]

Taizhou's name is believed to derive from nearby Mount Tiantai.

History[edit]

Ancient City Wall of Linhai

Five thousand years ago, the ancestors of the modern inhabitants began to settle in this area. During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, when the Chinese state was largely confined to the Yellow River basin, the area of present-day Taizhou was part of Dong'ou. Following the 3rd-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire, a settlement in the area was known as Huipu Town. It was initially included in the Minzhong Prefecture, but then moved to Kuaiji during the Han.

On August 22, 1994, Taizhou Municipality was set up in place of Taizhou Prefecture and approved by the State Council. In 1999, Taizhou was approved by the State Council to be a leading city in Zhejiang’s urbanization structure and the center of sub zone of the first-class economy. Approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, Taizhou formally became one of the 16 cities of Yangtze River Delta area on Aug.15, 2003.

Demographics[edit]

At the time of 2010 census, the whole population of Taizhou, including the whole prefecture-level city and subsidiary counties was 5,968,800 with 1,575,252 in the emerging urban area made of 3 urban districts, Jiaojiang, Huangyan and Luqiao.

Huangyan Disctrict,Taizhou

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Taizhou currently administers 3 districts, 2 county-level cities and 4 counties.

Map
Taizhou mcp.jpg
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin
1 Jiaojiang District 椒江区 Jiāojiāng Qū
2 Huangyan District 黄岩区 Huángyán Qū
3 Luqiao District 路桥区 Lùqiáo Qū
4 Linhai City 临海市 Línhǎi Shì
5 Wenling City 温岭市 Wēnlǐng Shì
6 Sanmen County 三门县 Sānmén Xiàn
7 Tiantai County 天台县 Tiāntāi Xiàn
8 Xianju County 仙居县 Xiānjū Xiàn 
9 Yuhuan County 玉环县 Yùhuán Xiàn

Geography[edit]

At 651 kilometres (405 mi), Taizhou has a long coastline dotted with numerous islands; the largest one is Yuhuan Island in the south.[3] Coastal areas in the east tend to flat, with an occasional hill. Eastern and northern parts of Taizhou are mountainous, with Yandangshan Mountains in the southwest, Kuocang Mountains (Chinese: 括苍山; pinyin: Kuòcāng Shān) in the west, and Mount Tiantai in the northwest. The highest point of Taizhou is Mishailang (Chinese: 米筛浪; pinyin: Mǐshāilàng), a 1,382.4 metres (4,535 ft) peak in the Kuocang Mountains, and also the highest point in the east of the Zhejiang Province.[3]

Climate[edit]

Taizhou
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
75
 
5
−2
 
 
64
 
10
2
 
 
146
 
15
5
 
 
92
 
23
13
 
 
155
 
26
17
 
 
244
 
28
21
 
 
141
 
33
25
 
 
270
 
31
25
 
 
181
 
27
20
 
 
27
 
24
14
 
 
154
 
18
10
 
 
97
 
10
3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: tianqi.com

Taizhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons. Occasionally struck by typhoons in the summers, the climate characterised by hot, humid summers and drier and cold winters with occasional snow. The mean annual temperature is 16.6 to 17.5 °C (61.9 to 63.5 °F) from north to south east coastal area, while mean annual rainfall ranges from 1,185 to 2,029 millimetres (46.7 to 79.9 in).


Climate data for Taizhou, 2011-2012
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
9.6
(49.3)
14.5
(58.1)
22.5
(72.5)
26.4
(79.5)
28.2
(82.8)
33.2
(91.8)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
23.5
(74.3)
17.9
(64.2)
10.1
(50.2)
20.79
(69.43)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
6
(43)
9.8
(49.6)
17.5
(63.5)
21.7
(71.1)
24.6
(76.3)
29.3
(84.7)
27.8
(82)
23.5
(74.3)
18.5
(65.3)
13.8
(56.8)
6.8
(44.2)
16.74
(62.14)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
2.4
(36.3)
5.2
(41.4)
12.5
(54.5)
17
(63)
21.1
(70)
25.4
(77.7)
24.6
(76.3)
19.6
(67.3)
13.5
(56.3)
9.8
(49.6)
3.4
(38.1)
12.71
(54.88)
Precipitation mm (inches) 75.1
(2.957)
64
(2.52)
145.6
(5.732)
91.8
(3.614)
155.2
(6.11)
243.6
(9.591)
140.7
(5.539)
269.7
(10.618)
180.6
(7.11)
27.2
(1.071)
153.8
(6.055)
97.3
(3.831)
1,644.6
(64.748)
Source #1: Tianqi.com,[4]
Source #2: Jiaojiang Agricultural and Forestry Website[5]

Economy & Industry[edit]

View down a street in Taizhou

Taizhou is one of the birthplace of China's private economy in the early days of economic reforms in China. It is the cradle of the Chinese private economy,[6] the name of Taizhou Model[7] is after it. It is the 4th most populous, and the 4rd[clarification needed] largest industrial prefecture-level city in Zhejiang Province as of 2011.

Chinese automotive manufacturing company Geely[8] was founded in Taizhou which completes its acquisition of Volvo Cars in 2010, is one of China’s top ten auto manufacturers.

Chinese auto parts manufacturer based Yuanhuan[9] was one of China auto parts manufacturer based,here can produce all auto parts for vehicles.

The largest HVAC fan company Yilida[10] is also located in Taizhou. It is listed on Shenzhen Stock Exchange (Stock #002686) and has acquired Fulihua fan company in Suzhou in 2012.

Taizhou is also one of most important Mandarin, Loquat, Wendai Pomelo, Myrica rubra producer in China. Other agricultural product including Rice, Canola, editable Wild rice stems or Zizania latifolia, Eddoe, Water chestnut, Bamboo

Infrastructure & Transport[edit]

Taizhou Railway Station, completed in 2009
High Speed Railway connection major cities

Historically, Taizhou was relatively inaccessible by road. This has changed due to large infrastructure restructuring in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Presently, Taizhou is served by the Yongtaiwen Expressway (甬台温高速), which is a segment in the north-south Shenyang-Haikou Expressway, linking the city with Ningbo, Shanghai in the north and Wenzhou in the south; the Shangsan Expressway links Taizhou with the provincial capital Hangzhou. Taizhou Airport was once named Huangyan Luqiao Airport (IATA:HYN) in the city's Luqiao District serves daily flights to Beijing and Chengdu and regular flights to other major Chinese cities.

In September 2009, the high-speed rail line, Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou Railway, opened. There are several stations in the prefecture boundaries of Taizhou. The station serving the urban core is in Huangyan District and is called Taizhou Railway Station.

Language and Culture[edit]

Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Taizhou speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, known as Huangyan Hua. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin Chinese, and only partially intelligible with Shanghainese. There is also a small portion of Min Nan and Wenzhou dialect speakers in the southern regions. None of these three languages are mutually intelligible amongst each other, but the linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to four languages, when Mandarin is included.

The city's people are reputed to be industrious and business-minded, although not to the same degree as neighboring Wenzhou.[citation needed] Many people from the area have migrated abroad after economic reforms began in China in 1978. The city's seafood is of note.

Education[edit]

  • Taizhou College

Notable People[edit]

Tourism[edit]

  • Linhai Ancient Great Wall, the only Great Wall in southern China.
  • Guoqing Temple, Mountain Tiantai

The Guoqing Temple where the Tiantai (Chinese and Japanese: 天台宗; pinyin: tiāntái zōng; ), an important school of Buddhism in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam originates, is located here. In Japan the school is known as Tendai, and in Korea it is known as Cheontae.

Guoqingsi003r.jpg

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]