Taji District has about 400,000 inhabitants. Its ethnic make-up is fast changing, due to departure of Sunni Arab natives and arrival of Shia Arabs favored by the new government in Baghdad. The 2014-15 extreme violence and actions by ISIS/neo-Baathists to help the Sunni Arab minority in Iraq has backfired with dire results. The impact of this on Taji district and Mahmudia are in plain sight to see, as the two districts are becoming more Shia Arab by the day.
Al-Taji airfield, in the volatile Sunni Triangle, was originally an Iraqi Republican Guard base during the Saddam era. It was once a center for the manufacture of chemical weapons. Taji was also the location of the largest tank maintenance facility in Iraq.