Tajikistani somoni

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Tajikistani somoni
Сомонӣ (Tajik)
5 Somoni TJ 2001.gif
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
ISO 4217 code TJS
Central bank National Bank of Tajikistan
 Website www.nbt.tj
User(s)  Tajikistan
Inflation 6%
 Source The World Factbook, 2012 est.
Subunit
 1/100 diram
Plural somoni
 diram diram
Coins 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5 somoni
Banknotes 1, 5, 20, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 somoni

The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ, ISO 4217 code: TJS) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

History[edit]

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000;[1] it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.[2]

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.

Coins[edit]

Circulation coins, first issued in 2001 were struck in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram composed of brass clad steel and 1, 3, and 5 somoni in nickel clad steel. Bimetallic 3 and 5 somoni coins were first released in 2003. The reverse of all somoni coins are changed annually and commemorate various events. A second issue dated 2011 was issued in June 2012, and included 5, 10, 20, 50 dirams and 1 somoni.[3]

Tajikistan coins are struck by Goznak at the Saint Petersburg Mint in Russia.

The First Series [1]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
5 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 5 diram 16.5 mm 1.35 mm 2 g brass-clad steel Plain Tajik 7-star crown, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, year of minting Value 2001
10 Dirams TJ 2001.png 10 diram 17.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.4 g
20 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 20 diram 18.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.7 g
25 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 25 diram 19 mm 1.4 mm 2.76 g Brass
50 Dirams TJ 2001.gif 50 diram 21 mm 1.45 mm 3.6 g
1 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 1 somoni 24 mm 1.6 mm 5.2 g See remark 2 Reeded and plain sections Ismail Samani, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2001
3 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 3 somoni 25.5 mm 1.8 mm 6.3 g Lettered Coat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value
5 Somoni TJ 2001.gif 5 somoni 26.5 mm 1.85 mm 7 g Reeded and plain sections with a star Abuabdullo Rudaki, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, "Рӯдакӣ"3
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Remarks[edit]

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"
  2. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901–present, 31st ed. states that the composition for 1, 3, and 5 som is cupronickel-zinc, while the Central Bank states cupronickel.
  3. "Рӯдакӣ" = "Rudaki"
The Second Series [2]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
5 diram 18 mm  mm 2 g Copper clad brass Plain Coat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", year of minting Value 2011
10 diram 20.5 mm  mm 3 g
20 diram 23.5 mm  mm 4.5 g Corrugated
50 diram 26 mm  mm 5.5 g reeded
1 somoni 27 mm  mm 5.2 g Copper-nickel clad steel
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Remarks[edit]

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"

Banknotes[edit]

The Current Series [3]
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
1 diram 100 × 60 mm Brown Sadriddin Ayni Theatre and Opera House Pamir Mountains Two mountains over rectangle 1999 2000 2010
5 diram Blue Arbob Cultural Palace Shrine of Mirzo Tursunzoda
20 diram Green Meetings Hall of the National Bank of Tajikistan Mountain road
50 diram Purple Ismail Samani Mountain valley
TajikistanPNew-1Somonis-1999 f-donatedtk.jpg TajikistanPNew-1Somonis-1999 b-donatedtk.jpg 1 somoni 141 × 65 mm Green Mirzo Tursunzoda National Bank of Tajikistan As portrait
[4] [5] 3 somoni 141 x 65 mm Violet Shirinsho Shotemur Majlisi Oli (parliament) building in Dushanbe 2010 2010
TajikistanP15-5Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpg TajikistanP15-5Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg 5 somoni 144 × 65 mm Blue Sadriddin Ayni Shrine of Abuabdullo Rudaki 1999 2000 2010 2012
TajikistanP16-10Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpg TajikistanP16-10Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg 10 somoni 147 × 65 mm Red Mir Said Alii Hamadoni The tomb of Mir Said Alii Hamadoni
TajikistanP17-20Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpg TajikistanP17-20Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg 20 somoni 150 × 65 mm Yellow-brown Abuali ibn Sino Hissar Castle
TajikistanP18-50Somoni-1999-donatedsrb f.jpg TajikistanP18-50Somoni-1999-donatedsrb b.jpg 50 somoni 153 × 65 mm Blue Bobojon Gafurov Chaikhana (teahouse) Sino
TajikistanP19-100Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedeh f.jpg TajikistanP19-100Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedeh b.jpg 100 somoni 156 × 65 mm Brown Ismail Samani Presidential Palace
[6] [7] 200 somoni 159 x 68 mm Brown and Yellow Nusratullo Makhsum National Library building in Dushanbe 2010 2012 2010 2012
[8] [9] 500 somoni 162 x 71 mm Purple and Gray Abuabdullo Rudaki Palace of Nations in Dushanbe
Current TJS exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB

Note: These rates could be substantially different from the rates the central bank publishes

Somoni is the second-highest-valued currency unit in Central Asia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Bank of Tajikistan. "Banknotes and coins". Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  2. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Tajikistan". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. 
  3. ^ http://worldcoinnews.blogspot.com.au/search/label/tajikistan
Preceded by:
Tajikistani ruble
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 somoni = 1000 rubles
Currency of Tajikistan
2000 –
Succeeded by:
Current