Tajima Province (但馬国 Tajima no Kuni?) was an old province of Japan in the area that is today northern Hyōgo Prefecture. It was sometimes called Tanshū (但州?). Tajima bordered on Harima, Inaba, Tamba, and Tango provinces.
Tajima is the birthplace of Kobe beef, known locally as Tajima Beef. Also well known are its many onsens, beaches, and small ski resorts. Its main industries are forestry, fishing, farming, and tourism.
There are two theories where the initial ancient provincial capital was; one is the remains of Hazaka in the former Izushi District (currently Toyooka), the other is somewhere in the formar Keta District (currently Toyooka). In 804, the capital was moved to Takada in the former Keta District.
For much of the Sengoku Period this area was ruled by the Yamana clan, who submitted to Oda Nobunaga. Tadashima Akiyama, a samurai, hailed from the province and dueled Miyamoto Musashi there. He was defated by Musashi.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Media related to Tajima Province at Wikimedia Commons
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