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Nishikawa at Kinokuniya Bookstore New York City, in April 2008
|Birth name||西川 貴教 (Nishikawa Takanori)|
|Also known as||TMR, Taka, Turbo, Haine|
September 19, 1970 |
Yasu, Shiga, Japan
|Genres||Electronic rock, synthpop, industrial rock, dance rock, alternative dance, post-punk, pop rock|
|Occupations||Musician, record producer, actor, voice actor|
|Associated acts||Luis-Mary, the end of genesis T.M.R.evolution turbo type D, abingdon boys school|
Takanori Nishikawa (西川 貴教 Nishikawa Takanori?, born September 19, 1970 in Yasu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan) is a renowned Japanese singer and actor. He performs as T.M.Revolution (TMR), which stands for "Takanori Makes Revolution" (貴教が革命を起こす Takanori ga kakumei o okosu?) although the name stems from the famous 80s pop electronic band TM Network. Despite most of his songs being written by Akio Inoue and composed/arranged by Daisuke Asakura (also TMR’s former producer), T.M.Revolution is considered Nishikawa’s solo project. Nishikawa is also known for contributions of ending and opening themes to many notable anime and game series.
Nishikawa debuted as TMR with the release of his first single "Dokusai (Monopolize)" (独裁 -monopolize-?) in May 1996. Later that year, his third single "Heart of Sword (Yoake Mae)" (HEART OF SWORD ～夜明け前～?) was used as the third ending song for the anime series Rurouni Kenshin, further expanding his fan base. He also contributed six songs to the Mobile Suit Gundam SEED franchise – three for Gundam SEED and three for Gundam SEED Destiny. Nishikawa has guest starred as a minor character in each of those anime series that featured his songs. In 2010, his single "Save the One, Save the All" was used as the ending theme song for the movie Bleach: Hell Verse. Nishikawa has also had a long-standing affair with Capcom's Sengoku Basara series of video games and media franchise, with several of his songs being used for it, including Crosswise and Flags.
T.M.Revolution is the first artist to be signed to Tofu Records, a record label (affiliated with Sony Music Japan) promoting j-pop artists in North America. Tofu released three of his most recent studio albums: coordinate (2003), Seventh Heaven (2004), and vertical infinity (2005). Nishikawa made his North American live debut at Otakon, a large anime convention in 2003. He has also performed at Pacific Media Expo in 2004 and at the New York Comic Con in 2008. Nishikawa revisited his 2003 US performance at the Asian culture convention Otakon by performing at Otakon's 20th Anniversary on August 10, 2013.
- 1 Biography
- 1.1 Early life
- 1.2 Luis-Mary
- 1.3 Debut as T.M.Revolution
- 1.4 Makes Revolution era
- 1.5 Restoration Level➝3 era
- 1.6 Triple Joker era
- 1.7 The Force era
- 1.8 The End of Genesis T.M.Revolution Turbo Type D
- 1.9 Progress era
- 1.10 Coordinate era
- 1.11 Seventh Heaven era
- 1.12 Vertical Infinity era
- 1.13 Under:Cover era
- 1.14 Abingdon Boys School era
- 1.15 Cloud Nine era
- 1.16 Current Activities
- 1.17 International market
- 1.18 Ambassador for Shiga Prefecture
- 1.19 Record label Defröck Reckords
- 2 Other activities
- 3 Discography
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Other media appearances
- 6 Products
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Nishikawa was born to a government worker (father, Yasuhiro) and a dentist (mother, Kazuko) in Hikone, Shiga and moved to Yasu, Shiga. He attended Mikami Elementary School (三上小学校 Mikami Shōgakkō?) as a child. Nishikawa was close to his grandfather (a retired policeman), whom he visited every day after school, since his parents were always working. Under the encouragement of his grandfather, Takanori studied kendo until age ten, when his grandfather died due to illness.
Nishikawa also attended Yasu Junior High School (野洲中学校 Yasu Chūgakkō?) and Yasu High School (滋賀県立野洲高等学校 Shiga Kenritsu Yasu Kōtō Gakkō?). While in junior high, Takanori began to consider a career in music. He dropped out of high school and left Shiga to pursue his dream. Takanori was also married to Yumi Yoshimura of Puffy AmiYumi from 1999 to 2002. They divorced after Yoshimura's infidelity came to light.
Nishikawa joined the visual kei rock band Luis-Mary in 1990 as the vocalist. His band nickname Haine (灰猫?) and his appearance at the time would eventually become the inspiration for Nishikawa’s character in Gundam SEED Destiny (Heine Westenfluss). Luis-Mary released three singles; "Rainy Blue", "Whisper(In Your Eyes)" and "Drive Me Mad". The band broke up in 1993.
Debut as T.M.Revolution
In 1995, Daisuke Asakura signed on with Nishikawa under the FunHouse label, now owned by BMG Japan. They released one single, Black or White?, under the name Daisuke Asakura expd. Takanori Nishikawa. This song was rerecorded in 1997 and also rearranged in 2000 as TMR’s twelfth single (Black or White? version 3). The original “Black or White?” song also appears as the third track on TMR’s first album Makes Revolution (1996). Nishikawa participated in a mini three-band event in November 1995. His fan club, turbo, was established shortly afterwards, in December 1995. In early 1996, Nishikawa made several radio appearances announcing the debut of his solo project. On March 22, 1996, the project was given the name T.M.Revolution, with Asakura named as TMR’s producer.
Makes Revolution era
Dokusai -monopolize- was released on May 13, 1996 under the Antinos Records label. It reached #28 on the Oricon charts. Nishikawa’s performance on NHK’s music variety show Pop Jam (which he would, later in his career, cohost for eleven months) helped boost sales, eventually selling out all first press copies of the single. His second single, Hesoshukujo -Venus- (臍淑女 -ヴィーナス-?) was released two months later, followed by the release of TMR’s first album Makes Revolution another month later.
Restoration Level➝3 era
Heart of Sword ~Yoake Mae~ was released in November 1996 and was used as the third ending song for Rurouni Kenshin. It later replaced “The Fourth Avenue Cafe” (by rock band L'Arc-en-Ciel) as the fourth ending song, due to drug charges laid against a (now former) member of that band at the time. “Heart of Sword ~Yoake Mae~” became a fan favourite that sold 360,000 copies and reached #16 on the Oricon charts. Nishikawa’s second album, restoration LEVEL➝3 [sometimes called Ishin Level➝3 (維新レベル➝3?)] was released in February 1997, which reached #5 on the Oricon charts.
Triple Joker era
Nishikawa released three singles, Level 4, High Pressure, and White Breath, in 1997. High Pressure became TMR’s breakthrough single, selling 800,000 copies. White Breath sold over one million copies and became the first TMR single to reach #1 on the Oricon charts. Nishikawa performed White Breath on the 48th edition of Kōhaku Uta Gassen, an annual music show televised by NHK. Less than a month later, his third album triple joker was released and went on to sell two million copies. Aoi Hekireki (蒼い霹靂 Blue Lightning?), the first track from triple joker, was recut as a single in February 1998 and it was used in a Yamaha JOG commercial. Nishikawa’s three albums were also released in other parts of Asia, and he visited Taiwan in April 1998 to promote triple joker.
The Force era
Hot Limit, released in June 1998, sold 900,000 copies and became Nishikawa’s second #1 single. Nishikawa also performed at the 49th edition of Kōhaku Uta Gassen. His fourth album, the force, was released in March 1999 and featured album mixes of the four singles (Hot Limit, Thunderbird, Burnin’ X’mas, Wild Rush) that followed Aoi Hekireki. Shortly after the force was released, Nishikawa performed two concerts at Tokyo Dome to a total audience of 100,000.
The End of Genesis T.M.Revolution Turbo Type D
In 1999, Nishikawa announced the end of T.M.Revolution. He and Daisuke Asakura went on to form The End of Genesis T.M.Revolution Turbo Type D (or TMR-e, for short). The name implied it was an “evolution” of TMR. Asakura also appeared in their music videos and performed alongside Nishikawa. Three singles were released under that name, all in 1999: Kagerō (陽炎 -KAGEROH-?), Gekkō (月虹 -GEKKOH-?), and Setsugen -winter dust- (雪幻 -winter dust-?). Their only album, Suite Season, was released in February 2000. Nishikawa and Asakura started becoming more distant from each other, and Nishikawa reverted to his original stage name in April 2000.
BLACK OR WHITE? version 3, a self-cover, was released in April 2000. It was used as a professional baseball theme song on Nippon Television. Two other singles [HEAT CAPACITY and Madan ~Der Freischütz~ (魔弾 ～Der Freischütz～?)], a remix album (DISCORdanza: Try My Remix ~Single Collections~), and studio album (progress; TMR’s fifth) were also released in 2000.
Boarding was released in February 2001. The title track of the single was used as a theme song to a drama called To Make Divided a House (別れさせ屋 Wakaresase Ya?). Nishikawa started self-producing, with the release of his sixteenth single (Out of Orbit ~Triple ZERO~) one year later. (Asakura continued to compose music for TMR.) His compilation album B☆E☆S☆T was released the next month. Epic Records Japan purchased Antinos Records that year, and all albums on the Antinos catalogue were re-released under the Epic label on July 1, 2002. “Thunderbird” inspired anime director Mitsuo Fukuda to ask Nishikawa to perform the first opening song for Gundam SEED (“Invoke”). Invoke, released in September 2002, sold 250,000 copies and reached #2 on the Oricon charts. Nishikawa also voice acted as Miguel Aiman early in that series and narrated a recap episode of Gundam SEED.
coordinate, his sixth original album, was released in March 2003. The cover was a closeup of the customized orange GINN that Nishikawa’s Gundam SEED character piloted. (Orange is Nishikawa’s favourite colour.) “Meteor” (Meteor -ミーティア-?), an album track from coordinate, was used as an insert song to Gundam SEED. The album mix of “THUNDERBIRD”, originally from the force, was also included on this album. Later that year, Nishikawa became the first artist to be signed under Tofu Records, and coordinate was the first album released by Tofu. The Tofu release of coordinate also included “HEART OF SWORD ~Yoake Mae~” as a bonus track. Nishikawa made his debut North American performance at Otakon in August 2003, to a massive audience who filled both the ballroom and overflow room (an exhibition hall) of the Baltimore Convention Center to their entirety.
Seventh Heaven era
Nishikawa released his eighteenth single, Albireo (Albireo -アルビレオ-?), in February 2004. (Albireo is a bright star from the constellation Cygnus.) “Albireo” was used in a music variety show on Nippon Television called AX MUSIC-TV, where it was #49 on the show’s “power play” list. SEVENTH HEAVEN, his aptly named seventh album, was released in March 2004. Tofu Records released SEVENTH HEAVEN a few weeks later and Nishikawa performed at Pacific Media Expo in May 2004. “Zips”, a track from SEVENTH HEAVEN, was used as an insert song for the first Mobile Suit Gundam SEED: Special Edition movie. “Wheel of Fortune” was used as a Formula Nippon theme song on Fuji Television.
Vertical Infinity era
Nishikawa was asked to sing the ending theme song of the Japanese theatrical release of Spider-Man 2 (“Web of Night”), because of his performance at PMX 2004 and his relations at Sony Music Japan. Web of Night, released in late July 2004, also included a rearrangement of “Tears Macerate Reason” (originally from Seventh Heaven) and an English version of the song (translated by Lynne Hobday). Nishikawa shot the “Web of Night” PV in both languages. He also attended the world premiere of Spider-Man 2 wearing a traditional Japanese kimono.
“ignited” (ignited -イグナイテッド-?) was used as the first opening song of Gundam SEED Destiny, which premiered in October 2004. The release of the ignited single was originally scheduled for October 27, but its release date was pushed back to November 3 for unknown reasons. ignited was the first TMR single to reach #1 on the Oricon charts since 1998, becoming the 900th #1 single in the Oricon chart. It was #53 on the 2004 Oricon Top 100 Singles chart, having sold 161,324 copies.
Nishikawa also voice acted as Heine Westenfluss for several episodes of Gundam SEED Destiny. His character was directly modelled after Nishikawa himself, as opposed to SEED’s Miguel Aiman. Heine’s hairstyle resembled Nishikawa’s Luis-Mary hairstyle, and his name was a play on Nishikawa’s pseudonym with that band (Haine). [Heine’s first name is written as Haine (ハイネ?) in katakana.] The surnames of both Nishikawa and Westenfluss mean “west river” in Japanese (西川) and German (Westenfluß), respectively. Interestingly, ignited’s title is closely similar to the mobile suit (GOUF Ignited) that Nishikawa’s GSD character piloted.
vertical infinity was released on January 26, 2005 by Epic and exactly six months later by Tofu Records. The infinity symbol (∞), when facing vertically or turned sideways, looks like the number 8. That is also the number of original studio albums Nishikawa has released to date as T.M.Revolution. vertical infinity included album mixes of “Web of Night” (both Japanese and English versions) and “ignited”. It also included two English-language tracks, “Bring It On” (written by Nishikawa) and “Chase / The Thrill” (written by Hobday). “Chase / The Thrill” was used as the Japanese theme song of the X Games.[verification needed] vertical infinity marked a significant change in T.M.Revolution’s musical style, as only half of the album was arranged by Daisuke Asakura, while Nishikawa arranged or co-arranged the other tracks.
With preparations for T.M.Revolution’s tenth anniversary in May 2006 and other commitments, Nishikawa was unable to visit North America in 2005. In April 2005, he began cohosting NHK’s music variety show Pop Jam with NHK Broadcasting Center announcer Yuriko Murakami (村上 由利子?) and comedy duo UN JASH (アンジャッシュ Anjasshu?). Nishikawa’s twenty-first single, vestige (vestige -ヴェスティージ-?), was released in August 2005. It was his fourth single, and second consecutive, to reach #1 on the Oricon charts. “vestige” was used as an insert song for Gundam SEED Destiny. “crosswise”, the other track, was used as the theme song for PlayStation 2 game Sengoku BASARA. vestige was #54 on the 2005 Oricon Top 100 Singles chart, with 176,028 copies sold that year.
The vestige single came with a unique password that was used to vote online (on T.M.Revolution’s official website) for which songs would appear on an upcoming self-cover album. These songs would be rearranged and re-recorded. Ten songs were originally planned for this album, but due to the overwhelming amount of votes, fifteen tracks were recorded instead. The “self-cover best album”, titled UNDER:COVER, was released on January 1, 2006 and was ranked #8 on the Oricon charts. UNDER:COVER came in two editions, limited (or first press) and regular. The regular edition contained fourteen tracks. The limited edition came with fourteen tracks, a bonus track on a separate disc (instrumental version of “Meteor”, Daisuke Asakura’s only contribution to the album), and a poster (which listed the names of all the people who selected the tracks). The rearrangement of “Zips” was used as an insert song to the first Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny: Special Edition movie.
Nishikawa performed the UNDER:COVER mix of “WHITE BREATH” at the 56th edition of Kōhaku Uta Gassen, his third appearance and his first since 1998. His cohosting duties on Pop Jam came to an end in March 2006. His tenth anniversary celebration was held at Universal Studios Japan in Osaka on May 13, 2006. That day, it was announced that Nishikawa will perform at USJ, near Peter Pan’s Neverland, on his 36th birthday on September 19, 2006. His second compilation album, 1000000000000 (a one followed by 12 zeroes), was released on June 7, 2006. It was a two disc set that contained the A-sides of all twenty-one singles released to date, and was ranked #1 on the Oricon charts. The corresponding DVD, released three weeks later, contained all twenty-four TMR PVs made. Nishikawa has also starred in a drama called Nursing Étoile in autumn 2006.
Abingdon Boys School era
Nishikawa established a new band called Abingdon Boys School in 2005. Named after the school where Radiohead met, ex-Wands guitarist Hiroshi Shibasaki joined the band alongside Sunao and Toshiyuki Kishi. Abingdon Boys School scored seven straight top ten hits and released two albums, as well as touring throughout Europe and having their albums, including English language songs, released through a German record label. The band also performed at the Live Earth concert in Tokyo, Japan, on July 7, 2007.
Cloud Nine era
Nishikawa held the Real Time Countdown Party Revolution, a live concert he did with all of his fans on New Year's Eve, to make up for the lack of new T.M. Revolution material. Although in a recent magazine interview, Nishikawa has stated that he will make a comeback in 2008 as T.M. Revolution. His first new single, 'Resonance', which features all his past famous hit song music videos and promotes Sony products in its Music Video, is the Anime theme song for the anime Soul Eater and was released on the 11th of June. Resonance reached #4 on Oricon Singles Chart on its release day. "Soul´s Crossing", the B-side of the "Resonance" single, was used as the theme song for the Soul Eater video game for the Wii console.
At the New York Anime Festival 2008, and official TMR and ABS panel hinted at some 'surprise projects' involving Nishikawa. But no news on a new album.
And on 23 March 2009 T.M.Revolution released a Memorial Box featuring the songs from his debut single, Dokusai monopolize through eleventh single, WILD RUSH. These singles were originally released on 8 cm minidiscs but will now be in high-fidelity Blu-spec CD format (fully compatible with standard CD players). The box also contains a bonus DVD from his T.M.R. YEAR COUNTDOWN LIVE, a photo book and logo sticker set. The box's price is 17 800 yen, but the singles are also sold separately.
T.M.Revolution is going to release a single dedicated to a beautiful regional lake. From 2009 the song has been performed during live shows known under the title [Lakers] and for the first time ever, it will be a single only available for download, scheduled for the 3rd of March. The song [Lakers] will also be the image song of the 65th Biwako Marathon. The lyrics have been written by Inoue Akio, the music arrangement is made by Asakura Daisuke.
On March the 24th T.M.Revolution will release a collaboration work with the Gundam franchise called "T.M.R.×GUNDAM SEED SPECIAL PROJECT [X42S-REVOLUTION]" The CD will contain all the 5 songs he made for the series. 'Invoke', 'Ignited', 'Meteor', 'Zips' and 'Vestige'. But there will be a 6th track on the CD called 'imaginary ark' and this is the 30th Anniversary song for Gunpla. The CD comes in 3 versions.
On August 11, a double A-side single 'Naked Arms/Sword Summit' will be released. Naked arms will be the opening song for the new Sengoku Basara game. An English version of the song will be able on the regular edition of this single. That song will be the opening for the game outside Japan. SWORD SUMMIT is the new opening for the second season of the Sengoku Basara anime.
Currently, Nishikawa has teamed up with Nana Mizuki in a collaboration called T.M.Revolution X Nana Mizuki, and both have performed 2 hit singles, Preserved Roses and 革命デュアリズム (Kakumei Dyuarizumu, lit. Revolution Dualism), both recorded as the opening theme songs of Valvrave the Liberator, 1st and 2nd Season respectively.
Ambassador for Shiga Prefecture
Takanori now has a new title for his resume: first Cultural Ambassador for Shiga prefecture, his home region. At the inauguration ceremony, he said that "I want to return a favor for my hometown by music" and realized his plan. In 2009, he took place a two-day event called "Inazuma Rock Fes" (inazuma means "lightning" associated with a shape of 滋, the first kanji character of Shiga) at a lakeside park in Kusatsu city near his hometown on September 19 (Takanori's birthday) and 20th. It was the first large-scale open-air music festival in history of Shiga. The Inazuma Rock Fes was a big hit, and becomes an annual event.
- Artists performing at Inazuma Rock Fes 2009
- Artists performing at Inazuma Rock Fes 2010
- Artists performing at Inazuma Rock Fes 2011
Record label Defröck Reckords
Takanori has established his own indies record label called Defrock Records. The first artist on the label is the four-member rock band Agitato, who will release a mini-album titled "COLORS" on January 20.
Agitato formed in 2004. This past October, they served as the opening act for Nishikawa's band, abingdon boys school, at the Ebisu Liquid Room.
Nishikawa described the label as "borderless," saying that he hopes to deliver a variety of high quality music to the world.
Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon
“Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon” (西川貴教のオールナイトニッポン Nishikawa Takanori no Ōru Naito Nippon?) was a radio show Nishikawa hosted on All Night Nippon. Listeners, who were unable to meet him at his concerts, had a chance to talk to Nishikawa on air. Nishikawa’s radio show was broadcast on Monday nights and ran for eight years and nine months, from January 6, 1997 to September 26, 2005. The show was called “Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon SUPER!” (西川貴教のallnightnippon SUPER!?) from April 1999 to March 2003. A two-hour television special with Masaharu Fukuyama, called Masaharu Fukuyama and Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon (福山雅治と西川貴教のオールナイトニッポンTV Fukuyama Masaharu to Nishikawa Takanori no Ōru Naito Nippon TV?), was aired on September 30, 2001 on Fuji Television.
Established on April 7, 1998, Diesel Corporation is a company run by Nishikawa. The company is responsible for artist management & promotion, operating Nishikawa’s fan club, and marketing the DEFRÖCK brand (see next section).
Launched in 2001, DEFRÖCK is Nishikawa's clothing line. The name comes from a play on words, most notably the near-phonetic indifference between “l” and “r” in Japanese. Cars, which Nishikawa likes, use a device called differential lock. Nishikawa’s favourite music genre is rock (although he does enjoy various kinds of music). He took the first few syllables of “differential”, changed “lock” into “rock”, and combined the two together to form this name. On a side note, in Gundam SEED, the DEFRÖCK label appears on Nishikawa’s character’s mobile suit as a custom sticker.
abingdon boys school
Live Revolution '08-'09
He did a comeback tour as T.M.Revolution from the end of 2008 to March 2009. A photobook, RE:INCARNATION, has been released, documenting the tour.
Nishikawa has released 8 studio albums, 23 singles, 3 compilations, 1 remix album, and 1 “self-cover best” album as T.M.Revolution. He also recorded a cover of dance group TRF’s song “Silver and Gold dance”, from their 2006 album Lif-e-Motions.
the end of genesis T.M.R.evolution turbo type D released 1 album and 3 singles.
- Rurouni Kenshin (1996) ➝ Orochi no Ren (大蛇の煉?)
- Little Shop of Horrors (1999) ➝ Seymour Krelborn (Japanese production)
- Beautiful Life (2000) ➝ Satoru Kawamura (川村サトル Kawamura Satoru?)
- Mobile Suit Gundam SEED (2002/2003) ➝ Miguel Aiman / narrator (phase-26)
- Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny (2005) ➝ Heine Westenfluss
- Nursing Étoile (介護エトワール Kaigo Etoile?, 2006) ➝ Takeo Baba (馬場竹雄 Baba Takeo?)
- Corazon de Melon (2008) ➝ Hiromi
Other media appearances
- Kōhaku Uta Gassen (1997/1998/2005/2013)
- Masaharu Fukuyama and Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon (2001)
- Pop Jam (2005/2006)
- Shin Domoto Kyoudai (2011~)
- Beautiful Life (2000)
- Corazon de Melon (2008)
- Liquid ROOM (January 17, 1996 / March 22, 1996)
- ON Air West (February 18, 1996)
- T.M.Radio Wave (April 5, 1996)
- Love Revolution (April 7, 1996)
- JRA Power Revolution (October 3, 1996)
- Takanori Nishikawa’s All Night Nippon (1997–2005)(2010)
- Geeknights with Rym and Scott (April 4, 2008)
- Starman from Miracle Wonder Planet (1997)
- T.M.R. LIVE REVOLUTION ’97 -Joker- Documentary Tour Book (1997–98)
- T.M.Revolution PERFECT BIBLE Volume 3 (1998)
- Takanori Nishikawa B-Pass Special Edition PERFECT BIBLE Volume 4 (1998)
- T.M.R. LIVE REVOLUTION ’98 Joker Type 2 -Great Fighter- (1998)
- the end of genesis T.M.R.evolution turbo type D (1999)
- SEVENTH HEAVEN (2004)
- Ray of Light - DEFROCK (2005)
- UNDER:COVER (2006)
- RE:INCARNATION (2009)
- INAZUMA ROCK FES. 2009 DOCUMENT PHOTO BOOK (2009)
- INAZUMA ROCK FES. 2010 DOCUMENT PHOTO BOOK (2010)
- INAZUMA ROCK FES. 2011 DOCUMENT PHOTO BOOK (2011)
- INAZUMA ROCK FES. 2012 DOCUMENT PHOTO BOOK (2012)
- INAZUMA ROCK FES. 2013 DOCUMENT PHOTO BOOK (2013)
Hello Kitty keychains
Five Hello Kitty keychains were released as promotional items for TMR’s tenth anniversary in 2005. They are based on the costume used in the respective song’s PV.
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (May 2010)|
- “Names of Takanori’s Parents,” Winds-Turbo Blog: Trivia, 14 April 2006, accessed 29 July 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbotrivia/diary/200604140003/>.
- “The Shiga Home Ambassador,” Shiga Prefecture, 18 February 2011, accessed 13 April 2011 <http://www.pref.shiga.jp/koho/taishi/nishikawa/>
- Marimaru, “Takanori Bus Tour: Mikami Elementary School,” Winds-Turbo Blog, 15 June 2006, accessed 27 July 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200606150000/>.
- Taka, “Live Report in Omiya on 5 May,” Ibid., 7 May 2006, accessed 27 July 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200605070000/>.
- Marimaru, “Takanori Bus Tour: Yasu Junior High School,” Ibid., 21 June 2006, accessed 27 July 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200606210000/>.
- Ibid., “Takanori Bus Tour: Yasu High School,” Ibid., 12 June 2006, accessed 27 July 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200606120000/>.
- Jonathan Mays, interview with T.M.Revolution, “Sound Decision,” Anime News Network, 10 June 2004, accessed 5 August 2006 <http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/sound-decision/2004-06-10>.
- hybrid_incubi, “Behind the Music: Takanori Nishikawa,” tmrevolutionist, 28 June 2006, accessed 29 July 2006 <http://community.livejournal.com/tmrevolutionist/141135.html>.
- “Biography of Takanori’s Music Works,” 100% Takanori Nishikawa Site, accessed 7 August 2006 <http://www.takanori-nishikawa.com/turbo_biofiles_biography.shtml>.
- “The Color that Represents T.M.Revolution is Orange,” Winds-Turbo Blog: Trivia, 14 April 2006, accessed 10 August 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbotrivia/diary/200604140001/>.
- “SEVENTH HEAVEN”, track list, Sony Music Online Japan, 2004, accessed 13 October 2006 <http://www.sonymusic.co.jp/Music/Arch/ES/TMRevolution/ESCL-2679/>.
- Jonathan Mays, “Sound Decision: TMR at Spider-Man 2,” Anime News Network, 15 July 2004, accessed 7 August 2006 <http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/sound-decision/2004-07-15>.
- Amos Wong, “Second Revolution,” Newtype (US ed.), September 2005, accessed 7 August 2006 <http://community.livejournal.com/tmrevolutionist/56990.html>.
- violetcloud, “...........OMG,” tmrevolutionist, 25 October 2005, accessed 8 August 2006 <http://community.livejournal.com/tmrevolutionist/66312.html>.
- “On September 19, T.M.Revolution Special Day at Universal Studios Japan,” Winds-Turbo Blog, 14 May 2006, accessed 8 August 2006 <http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200605140000/>.
- “Appearance on Drama in Autumn,” Ibid., 10 June 2006, accessed 8 August 2006 He has also shown that T.M. Revolution is still alive, by doing various holiday-themed shows on Japanese pop stations in December 2006.<http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/windsturbo/diary/200606100001/>.
- Robert Michael Poole (2010-01-15). "Abingdon Boys School of rock is now in session". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
- "Memorial concerts for X Japan guitarist hide to be held". Japan Today. 2008-04-28. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- "Naked arms / Sword Summit T.M.Revolution [CD]". Cdjapan.co.jp. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- New York Comic Con - April 18-20, 2008
-  New York - Tokyo Film Grand Prix 2008
- "イナズマロック フェス2009 / ARTIST & SCHEDULE". Inazumarock.com. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "イナズマロック フェス2010 9/18Sat - 9/19Sun". Inazumarock.com. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- [dead link]
- “T.M.Revolution,” Anime News Network Encyclopedia, accessed 11 August 2006 <http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=14226>.
- BABEL FISH, 31 July 2006 <http://www.babelfish.jp/>.
- “TMR Photobooks,” online posting, 26 February 2006, Tofu Records Forum, accessed 14 June 2006 <http://www.tofurecords.com/forum/v3/viewtopic.php?p=140751#140751>.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to T.M. Revolution.|
- Official site (Japanese)/(English)
- turbo – official fan club (Japanese)
- Sony Music Japan page (Japanese)
- Sony Music Japan page (English)
- Tofu Records page
- DEFRÖCK – clothing line (Japanese)
- DIESEL Corporation – Nishikawa’s company (Japanese)
- J!-ENT 2004 Interview (J!-ENT Interview Round 2)
- J!-ENT 2003 Interview (J!-ENT Interview Round 1)
- T.M.Revolution on Myspace - T.M.Revolution's official Music Myspace page (English)
- Nippon Project interview
- Fan-interview with T.M.Revolution