Takao-class cruiser

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IJN Heavy Cruiser Takao.jpg
IJN Heavy Cruiser Takao
Class overview
Operators: Empire of Japan Japan
Preceded by: Myōkō-class cruiser
Succeeded by: Mogami-class cruiser
Completed: 4
Laid up: 1
Lost: 3
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Type: Heavy cruiser
Displacement:
  • 9,850 t (9,690 long tons) (standard)
  • 15,490 t (15,250 long tons) (full load)
Length:
  • 192.5 m (632 ft)
  • 203.76 m (668.5 ft) overall
Beam:
  • 19 m (62 ft)
  • 20.4 m (67 ft)
Draft:
  • 6.11 m (20.0 ft)
  • 6.32 m (20.7 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 4 shaft geared turbine
  • 12 Kampon boilers
  • 132,000 shp
Speed: 35½ knots - 34.2 knots (63 km/h)
Range: 8,500 nautical miles (15,740 km) @ 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 773
Armament: original layout:
Armor:
  • main belt: 38 to 127 mm
  • main deck: 37 mm (max)
  • upper deck: 12.7 to 25 mm
  • bulkheads: 76 to 100 mm
  • turrets: 25 mm
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities: 2 catapults

The Takao-class (高雄型) was a class of four heavy cruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched between May 1930 and April 1931.

Description[edit]

They were an evolution from the preceding Myoko-class, with heavier torpedo armamanent and had an almost battleship-like, large bridge structure.

United States Navy recognition drawings of Takao and Atago

Their main gun armament was ten 20 cm (8 in) guns in twin mounts and they were also armed with sixteen 24 inch Long Lance torpedoes (carrying more than the Myokos or Mogamis), making the Takaos the most heavily armed cruisers of the IJN. The only flaw was that they were considered top-heavy and thus prone to capsizing, while Turret #3 had a poor firing arc. These two problems were rectified in the follow-up Mogamis; nonetheless the Takaos were considered the best cruisers that the IJN ever built.[citation needed]

Takao class midship with armour thickness in millimetres

Ships[edit]

Four ships of the class were launched. All served in World War II and all were sunk or disabled as a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944.

Name Builder Laid Launched Commissioned Fate
Takao (高雄) Yokosuka Navy Yard 28 Apr 1927 12 May 1930 31 May 1932 Scuttled 27 October 1946 by British Forces
Atago (愛宕) Kure Navy Yard 28 Apr 1927 16 June 1930 30 Mar 1932 Sunk 23 October 1944 by the submarine USS Darter.
Maya (摩耶) Kōbe-Kawasaki Shipbuilding Yard 4 Dec 1928 8 Nov 1930 30 June 1932 Sunk 23 October 1944 by the submarine USS Dace.
Chōkai (鳥海) Mitsubishi Nagasaki Shipyard 26 Mar 1928 5 Apr 1931 30 June 1932 Disabled 25 October 1944 at the Battle off Samar and scuttled by Fujinami

References[edit]

Notes
Books
  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Lacroix, Eric; Linton Wells (1997). Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-311-3. 

External links[edit]